The history of the microscope from renaissance to now

  • the first telescope ever made

    The first telescope ever made was made by Galileo Galilei
  • In 1611, Johannes Kepler described how a telescope could be made with a convex objective lens and a convex eyepiece lens

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  • The first detailed account of the interior construction of living tissue based on the use of a microscope did not appear until 1644

  • 1655 astronomers such as Christiaan Huygens were building powerful but unwieldy Keplerian telescopes with compound eyepieces.

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  • Isaac Newton is credited with building the first "practical" reflector in 1668

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  • 1670s that the microscope was used extensively for research in Italy, The Netherlands and England.

  • On 9 October 1676, Van Leeuwenhoek reported the discovery of micro-organisms.

  • In 1893 August Köhler developed a key technique for sample illumination

  • In the early 1900s a significant alternative to light microscopy was developed

  • In 1965 the first commercial scanning electron microscope was developed by Professor Sir Charles Oatley and his postgraduate student Gary Stewart and marketed by the Cambridge Instrument Company as the "Stereoscan".

  • t was not until 1978 when Thomas and Christoph Cremer developed the first practical confocal laser scanning microscope and the technique rapidly gained popularity through the 1980s.

  • The 1980s saw the development of the first scanning probe microscopes.

  • The first was the scanning tunneling microscope in 1981,

  • scientists are using microscopes everyday