The History of Film

Timeline created by alexmclean13
In Film
  • Roundhay Garden Scene

    Roundhay Garden Scene
    Roundhay Garden scene is considered the first ever motion picture, it was recorded at 12 frames per second and it is a total of 2.11 seconds. The movie was directed by Lois Le Prince and it shows people walking around a garden. It was created using a device similar to the Kinetoscope but it was a very simple single lense combi camera.
  • Kinetoscope

    Invented by Thomas Edison and William Dickson this was the first device to portray a moving picture. A strip of film was passed between a lens and an electric light bulb and looked through a peephole to see the pictures turn from pictures to a video. Edison started his experimentation in 1888 but the Kinetoscope was not in full working condition until 1891.
  • Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory

    Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory
    The Lumière Brothers are known as the pioneers of cinema, they developed the Cinematographe which made shooting movies and projecting movies easier. They first film they developed was Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory, it is considered by many to be the first motion picture. The Lumière Brothers made many films during their lives and they had a great impact on the world of film making.
  • The First Movie Theatre

    The First Movie Theatre
    The first movie theatre in the world was created in Pittsburgh, Penn by Harry Davis and John P. Harris who moved 96 seats into a store and collected a nickle from each patron. The theatre was called the Nickelodeon because it cost a nickle and the word theatre in Greek is odeon.
  • First All-Metal Movie Camera

    First All-Metal Movie Camera
    The Bell and Howell Company spent many of it's years repairing and improving current film cameras, they created a full metal camera to prevent termites from chewing through the wood of a normal film camera.The refined Kinodrome projector was 35 mm and it was turned into the only film camera sold by the Bell and Howell Company for a period of time.
  • Kinemacolour

    Kinemacolour created by George Albert Smith was the first use of colouration in movies, the black and white film was projected behind coloured film to create a filter.
  • Kinetophone

    The Kinetophone was created by Thomas Edison it was called the "talking picture" machine because it was one of the first devices to add speech into the movies. It took many men to use and they all had to pull levers and pulleys to keep the machine working which automatically lead to the machine's downfall, the machine went out of use and its popularity decreased.
  • Technicolour

    Technicolour was created in Massachusetts, USA, it was very similar to Kineamcolour except the film was not alternated between red and green, it was exposed with both red and green at the same time. The results of the Technicolour were so similar to Kinemacolour that they were completely scrapped and only one movie "The Gulf Between" was created with the first use of Technicolour.
  • The Jazz Singer

    The Jazz Singer
    The Jazz Singer was the first instance of sound through dialogue, many movies incorporated music but none had spoken dialogue until 1927. The sound was created by using a Vitaphone, all of the audio was recorded onto a phonographic record and then synced up to the film
  • Three Strip Technicolour

    Three Strip Technicolour
    After years of experimentation Herbert Kalmus modified the dye transfer system, instead of using two colours (red and green), three colours were used (red, green and blue) and they were all placed on the film at once to create vivid colours in film.
  • The First Animated Feature

    The First Animated Feature
    Walt Disney had spent many years creating short films starring the famous character Mickey Mouse and in 1937 the company created the first feature length animated film called "Snow White and The Seven Dwarfs" inspired by the Grimm Brothers fairy tale.
  • The Golden Age of 3-D Film

    The Golden Age of 3-D Film
    There were many attempts made to create 3-D films and some were successful but 3-D was not popularized until the 1950s. The golden age of 3-D started and many popular movies started to come out in 3-D.
  • Widescreen

    Widescreen was a divided topic in 1953, many theatres wanted this new and improved viewing method but many theatres did not want to replace their screens or they did not want to use something new. Widescreen caused the film to be almost two times the size it once was, there was more to see on screen and the quality of the movie increased as well.
  • IMAX

    IMAX was created by a group of Canadian filmmakers, it was part of a competition to create the first large-screen experience. It took nine projectors to create the immersive experience and in a couple years the experience was used all around the world.
  • Steadicam

    The Steadicam was created by Garrett Brown because he believed there should be some kind of device that could easily be attached and held by the human body. The Steadicam was first used in "Bound for Glory" but popularized by "Rocky".
  • The First Computer Animated Film

    The First Computer Animated Film
    Pixar Studios partnering with Disney created the first computer animated film, the film was called "Toy Story" and it was a huge success which caused most animated movies in the future to follow along.
  • Motion Capture

    Motion Capture
    Motion capture was first used in "Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within" which was considered a flop but it paved a way for motion capture which has appeared in many films throughout the years.
  • Superheros in the Cinema

    Superheros in the Cinema
    In 2008 Marvel introduced its first major film, Iron Man to the world of film, it included many action sequences and new types of technology. Since then there has been many superhero films released with high grossing numbers.
  • The Highest Grossing Movie of All Time

    The Highest Grossing Movie of All Time
    James Cameron directed many amazing movies but in 2009 the blockbuster movie, Avatar soared past all other movies to become the highest grossing movie of all time with box office sales at 2.778 billion. The film showed a successful and realistic use of CGI incorporated within the real world.