Doll makers can be traced back in Germany as far as 1413.
Around the 1830s porcelain dolls were very popular as well as cast heads.
The Baby Doll
In 1851 the first baby doll was created, before all dolls represented well dressed ladies.
In this time unglazed biscuit-ware was very popular for the pink tone it had.
Manufactures started to sell dolls that would close their eyes when tilted back.
In 1887 a British archaeologist found on of these Egyptian paddle dolls that dated back to 1800 BC. They were made from wood or clay and found inside of Egyptian tombs, they are one of the oldest dolls.
In 200 BC, the Greeks made dolls out of terracota and were made with articulate limbs. I could find no resources saying when they were discovered.
Japanese dolls have a long histories all the way from 8000-200 BC. They were used as toys, for rituals, and for protection. There is no discovery of this since Japan has been carrying on these for centuries.
The Barbie Doll
The Barbie doll was created in 1959 by Ruth Handler, the co-founder of Mattel. Barbie was named after and later Ken, named after her son.
The Cabbage Patch Kid
The Cabbage Patch Kid doll was created in 1978 by Xavier Roberts. They were a huge sell out because they came with an adoption certificate and their own first and middle name, also they were said to be each made different.