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The Fall of New France

  • Construction of forts along Ohio Valley

    Construction of forts along Ohio Valley
    In the Ohio Valley, French colonial governors, like Jean Talon and Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissoniere, who was the commandant-general at the time, built forts along the Ohio River and its tributaries. They later extended the fortifications, trying to ensure French control over the region and to keep the Thirteen Colonies at bay. I think they had the right idea here, they knew that an attack by the Thirteen Colonies was eminent and so they began preparing.
  • 7 Year War Begins

    7 Year War Begins
    During the time that the war began, Europe’s leaders struggled to maintain colonial territory, economic wealth, and power in the estates they owned outside of their countries. To France, North America was just a pawn in a much bigger game, but to the French Canadians and aboriginals living in Canada at the time, it was a struggle for survival. France was beginning to get ahead with its colonies and flourished before the war, but when war was declared France focused on winning the battle at home
  • William Pitt becomes Prime Minister of Britain

    William Pitt becomes Prime Minister of Britain
    When William Pitt became Prime Minister in 1757, he began to concentrate British Forces on defeating France in North America. He knew that if France was winning the war in Europe, then he would have to focus his attention on winning the war in North America. Pitt sent two hundred ships, and at least twenty-three thousand troops to conquer New France. This was trouble for France, as it did not have nearly as many troops dispatched to New France as the Thirteen Colonies did.
  • British attack at Fort Carillon

    British attack at Fort Carillon
    In July of 1758, a British force of fifteen thousand soldiers, the largest army amassed in North America to that time, attacked Montcalm and the French at Fort Carillon. Montcalm, the leader of the French army at the time, held the fort with thirty-six hundred soldiers but at a heavy loss of life. This obviously hindered the French because they lost a lot of men that would have been needed later in the war.
  • The Fall of Louisbourg

    The Fall of Louisbourg
    By 1758, Louisbourg had begun to thrive. It was the main hub for fishing, trading and protection to the entrance of the St. Lawrence for the French. The British sent thirty-nine ships, more than twelve thousand troops and almost one thousand mounted guns to attack Louisbourg. The British commander at the time, General Jeffery Amherst, surrounded the French base with his ships and began bombarding the base from all sides. This was very bad for the French as they were trapped within the base and
  • General Wolfe ordered to attack Quebec

    General Wolfe ordered to attack Quebec
    General Wolfe was ordered by King George II and William Pitt to conquer Quebec. This would not fare well with France as Quebec was one of two major settlements it had, the other being Montreal, and losing it would be a huge loss of control for France of North America.
  • Battle on the Plains of Abraham

    Battle on the Plains of Abraham
    On September 13, 1759, just before midnight, British troops began launching small boats from their ships in the St. Lawrence alongside the citadel of Quebec. By 2:30 a.m, the soldiers, their guns, one small cannon, and ammunition were underway. They climbed a steep 50 metre cliff and moved silently towards the abandoned cornfield where General Wolfe hoped to engage his enemy. British success was deemed improbable but Wolfe thought he would have one more go before the ice came and ruined any cha
  • Siege of Quebec City

    Siege of Quebec  City
    General James Wolfe, who was commander of the English Forces, brought twenty-nine ships, twenty two frigates (warships capable of high speeds), eighty transport ships, and fifty smaller ships. In total the ships carried fifteen thousand troops and two thousand cannons. When the fleet finally arrived at the St. Lawrence River it stretched for 150 kilometres and had a population greater than Quebec’s. The British used the same tactic as their attack on Louisbourg, and bombarded Quebec for nine we
  • Articles of Capitulation

    After Quebec was lost, it left Montreal open to an attack. After Montreal finally fell to the British, terms were to be discussed between the two European countries. The articles were signed on the 8th of September 1760 in the British camp before the city of Montreal. The terms Governor Vaudreuil accepted were much harsher than those imposed the previous year when Québec capitulated. They implied the surrender of the colony of New France. Vaudreuil demanded that all be granted the rights and p
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Year War. This was good for France as it meant no more fighting would go on and France would not lose any more soldiers or supplies.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the Seven Year War, in which it did not allow settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains. The purpose of the proclamation was to organize Great Britain's new North American empire and to stabilize relations with Native North Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on t
  • Pontiac signs Peace Treaty with English

    Pontiac signs Peace Treaty with English
    Pontiac’s war was a war that was launched in 1763 by a band of Native American tribes primarily from the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, and Ohio Country who were dissatisfied with British postwar policies in the Great Lakes region after the British victory in the Seven Year War. Warriors from numerous tribes joined the uprising in an effort to drive British soldiers and settlers out of the region. The war is named after the Ottawa leader Pontiac, the most prominent of many native lead