The first sighton January the 17th 1773 Captain
James Cook and his crew
became the first recorded men to
cross the Antarctic circle. This was the
first ever recording or description of
the South Pole and its neighbouring
Scott and Shakleton's expeditionScott, Shakleton and three other men
tried to walk to the south pole and were
unseccessful. They put a English flag at
the point of where they had to turn back
because of food shortage.
Scotts last expeditionThe whaling ship Terra Nova left Cardiff, Wales in June 1910. They left with mechanical sledges, ponies, dogs and their equipment. However, the sledges and ponies didn't cope with the conditions and the expedition carried on without them, through appalling weather and extremely tough terrain, In mid December, the dog teams turned back.On 17 January, Scott and four other men reached the geologic South Pole, only to find that Roald Amundsen had beaten them there.
First ones thereOn the 14th of December in 1911,
the first successful trip was led by
Roald Amundsen to reach the
geographic south Pole (the exact centre
of the bottom of the Earth.Scott
arrived five weeks after Amundsen did.
The death of ScottThey started the 1,500 km journey back to the ship but Evans died in mid-February. In March, Oates suffered from severe frostbite and, knowing he was holding back his companions, walked out into the freezing conditions never to be seen again. The remaining three men died of starvation in their tent on 29 March 1912. They were vonly 18 km from a pre-arranged supply depot.
The Endurance sets off.On December the 5th in 1914
the Endurance leaves the icy
island named South Georgia
and reaches the Antarctic Penninsula.
The captain of the expedition was Ernst
The Endurance is stuckOn this day the Endurance got
crushed by the Antarctic ice
and Shakleton and his crew had
to abandon the ship. They had to
take a risk and grab all the
equipment on the boat before it sunk.
End of the EnduranceOn November the 21st in 1915
the Endurance sunk to the bottom
of the ocean after two months of being
frozen in ice and Shakleton and his crew
where stuck in the Antarctic Penninsula and
had to wait until another ship arrived.
Roald's deathOn this day the famous Roald
Amundsen died because the plane
he was in named the 2000 crashed
on a rescue mission.
The Antarctic treatyOn this day every country who
signed the Antarctic Treaty
pledged that they would only
use Antarctica for scientific
reasons and purposes only and there
was to be no use of any equipment that
could harm the environment.