History of Antarctica by Stephanie Di Benedetto

By Hellen
  • Captain James Cook

    Captain James Cook
    In January 1773, Captain James Cook crosses the Antarctic circle and circumnavigates Antarctica, though he doesn't sight land
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    Antarctica Historical Timeline

  • Captain Thaddeus Bellingshausen

    Captain Thaddeus Bellingshausen
    1819 - 21
    Captain Thaddeus Bellingshausen a Russian naval officer in the Vostok and Mirny circumnavigates the Antarctic, the first to cross the Antarctic circle since Cook. He made the fist sighting of the continent on the 27th January 1820.
  • Captain John Davis

    Captain John Davis
    February the 7th 1821. First known landing on continental Antarctica by American sealer Captain John Davis
  • James Weddell

    James Weddell
    British whaler James Weddell discovers the sea named after him and then reaches the most southerly point at that time 74° 15' S in 1823.
  • Antarctica established as a continent

    Antarctica established as a continent
    Separate British, French and American expeditions establish the status of Antarctica as a continent after sailing along the continuous coastline.
  • Adrien de Gerlache

    Adrien de Gerlache
    Adrien de Gerlache and the crew of the "Belgica" become trapped in pack ice off the Antarctic Peninsula in the first scientific expedition to the continent in March 1898. They become the first to survive an Antarctic winter
  • Carsten Borchgrevink

    Carsten Borchgrevink
    Carsten Borchgrevink leads a British expedition that landed men at Cape Adare and built huts in 1899
  • Captain Scott

    Captain Scott
    In 1901 Captain Scott from the UK, leads his first Antarctic expedition to try and reach the South Pole, with Ernest Shackleton and Edward Wilson. They are forced to turn back two months later having reached 82 degrees south, suffering from snow blindness and scurvy.
  • Ernest Shackleton

    Ernest Shackleton
    1907 - 1909 Ernest Shackleton leads an expedition to within 156km / 97mls of the South Pole, turns back after supplies are exhausted.
  • Douglas Mawson

    Douglas Mawson
    January 1909 Australian Douglas Mawson reaches the South Magnetic Pole.
  • Ronald Amundsen

    Ronald Amundsen
    In 1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen leads a five man expedition that reaches the South Pole for the first time.
  • Robert Falcon Scott

    Robert Falcon Scott
    Britain's Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole in 1912 to discover he has been beaten by Amundsen. All of the five man team (Scott, Bowers, Evans, Oates and Wilson), are to perish on the return journey only 11 miles from supply depot. Bodies are not discovered until November.
  • Douglas Mawson

    Douglas Mawson
    Douglas Mawson begins his trek in 1912 across George V Land back to his base at Commonwealth Bay. His two companions had died, and against the odds he makes it home. A new section of coast is discovered and described, and radio is used for the first time in Antarctica.
  • Ernest Shackleton

    Ernest Shackleton
    In 1915 Ernest Shackleton returns to Antarctica in an attempt to complete the first crossing of the continent. The goal is not attained, but one of the greatest adventures of all time follows. Their ship is crushed in the sea ice and a small party sets out for South Georgia and the whaling station. The party is eventually rescued in 1917.
  • Antractic Treaty comes into force

    Antractic Treaty comes into force
    In 1961 the Antarctic treaty comes into effect.
  • Sir George Wilkins and Carl Benjamin

    Sir George Wilkins and Carl Benjamin
    In 1928 Australian Sir George Wilkins and American Carl Benjamin Eielson are the first to fly over Antarctica around the peninsula region.
  • Richard E Boyd

    Richard E Boyd
    In 1929 Richard E. Byrd and three others - US - become the first to fly over the South Pole.
  • Lincoln Ellsworth and Caroline Mikkelsen

    Lincoln Ellsworth and Caroline Mikkelsen
    1935 Lincoln Ellsworth from the US flies across the continent. Caroline Mikkelsen from Norway, is the first woman to set foot on Antarctica when she accompanies her husband, a whaling captain.
  • Operation Highjump

    1947 Operation Highjump (US) sends the largest ever expedition of over 4700 men, 13 ships and 23 airplanes to Antarctica. Most of the coast is photographed for map making.
  • US aircraft lands at the South Pole

    US aircraft lands at the South Pole
    In 1956 US aircraft lands at South Pole. First people there since Scott and his team in 1912.
  • Sixty stations established

    Sixty stations established
    1st July 1957 - 31st Dec 1958 International Geophysical Year (IGY) 12 nations establish over 60 stations in Antarctica. The beginning of international cooperation in Antarctica and the start of the process by which Antarctica becomes "non-national".
  • Vivian Fuchs and Edmun Hillary

    Vivian Fuchs and Edmun Hillary
    1st July 1957 - 31st Dec 1958 The first successful land crossing via the South Poleis led by British geologist Vivian Fuchs with New Zealander Edmund Hillary leading the back up party, over 40 years after Shackleton's expedition set out with the same aim.
  • Antarctic Treaty signed

    Antarctic Treaty signed
    Twelve countries active in Antarctic scientific research signed The Antarctiv Treaty on the 1st December 1959.
  • Beorge Ousland

    Beorge Ousland
    In 1997 Boerge Ousland (Norway) becomes first person to cross Antarctica unsupported. Taking 64 days from Berkner Island to Scott base towing a 180kg (400lb) sled and using skis and a sail.
  • International Polar Year

    International Polar Year
    March 2007 - March 2009 International Polar Year - Actually Spans two years in order that researchers get the opportunity to work in both polar regions or work summer and winter if they wish.