The Evolution of Rockets: From First Flight to Last Recorded Launch

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    Greek Mythology

    Greek Mythology
    NASA website on rocketry(400 BC): Aulus Gellius, a writer, tell of a Greek named Archytas in which he flew a pigeon made out of wood, with the escaping steam helping push the bird suspended on wires upward.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Jan 1, 1499

    Usage or Rockets in the Middle Ages/Renaissance Era

    Also from the website (rocketry)NASA information on rocketry Reports of rocket experiments surface across Europe. Joanes de Fontana from Italy develops a torpedo-like rocket in which it's purpose is to set enemy ships on fire, while Roger Bacon from England worked on how to increase the distance a rocket's range by creating better gunpowder.
  • Jul 7, 1232

    First Flight

    First Flight's website on the history of rocketsFirst recorded use of "true" rockets: Chinese Tartars use fire arrows to fight off Mongols when they assaulted on Kai-feng-fu.
  • Sep 25, 1429

    French Army Adoptions

    French Army Adoptions
    Solar View's website on rocketry The French Army adopts the use of rockets into their military operations, when it implemented and launched them during the siege of Orleans during the course of of the 100 Year's War against the English.
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    Newtonic Age

    NASA website on rocketry (2) Newton discovers his scientific laws of motions, with the laws explaining how the rocket's work and why would they work in empty space. Because of his works, model cars propelled by steam were able to be made by Willem Gravesande in 1720.
  • Anderson's Treatise

    Anderson's Treatise's website on rocketryAn Englishman named Robert Anderson punlishes a treatise on the process to make molds for rockets, prepare and set up propellants, and how to perform relatable calculations for rocket propusion.
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    Usage of Rockets as Weapons (Britain)

    NASA website for rocketry In 1806, the British fired Congreve rockets on Napoleon's headquarters in France, and in the year after that, used the same rockets to attack Copenhagen. Congreve rockets used by The British were fired upon the United States during the War of 1812, in which one rocket can individually travel approximately 9,000 feet.
  • Rockets Used to Save Lives

    Rockets Used to Save Lives
    NASA website on rocketryBritish and American inventors alike develops other ways to use rockets. For example, the Congreve rocket was able to carry a line that can help stranded people off of ships. In 1914, nearly a thousand people were saved because of this new innovation.
  • Proposal of Space Flight

    Proposal of Space Flight
    NASA website on rocketry (2)Konstantin Tsiolkovsky publishes a report, proposing the idea of space flight using rockets, expanding the field and use of modern astronautics. He stated in his report that the velocity and distance that a rocket can travel were constrained by the exhaust velocity of gases that escaped from it.
  • First Airplane Flight

    NASA website on rocketry The Wright brothers are able to fly a heavier-than-air airplane, made by themselves, for roughly twelve seconds in the saund dunes of Dayton, Ohio. Using rockets, they are the first persons to ever sustiain flight in such an aircraft.
  • A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes

    A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes
    NASA website on rocketry (2) Rober H. Goddard, an American scientist, starts to experiemt the different types of solid fuels and meausre the speed of the gases that burn from it.
  • V2 Rocket Launch

    V2 Rocket Launch's website on rocketrySolar View's website on rocketryThe first A4 flies in 1942, in which it barely clears some low clouds, as it made it's way to it's target on sea a half-mile away. After being mass-produced during the Second World War, the A4 was later re-named the V2 rocket, in which it made it's debut in action when a rocket attack was ordered in London in September 1944. It was the first rocket used for multi-stage purposes, as well.
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    The ICBM Age

    Air Force's website on rocketry (ICBMs)After the United States saw the Sputnik satellite successfully launch into the sky in 1957, Americans sought to be the leaders in space travel and science advancement. However, they initially didn't start the Apollo program until 1961, but instead, they had a dffierent idea on how to defeat the Soviets in such the scientific field of rocket propulsion, and it was through ICBMs, intercontinental ballistic missiles
  • Redstone Rocketry

    Redstone Rocketry
    NASA's website on rocketry Also known as "Old Reliable", the Huntsville team developed the Redstone rocket in 1953. It was called "Old reliable" due to it's various capabilities and missions it can partake in, as it was highly accurate, surface-to-surface bound, and was liquidly propelled upward.
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    The Space Race

    NASA's website on rocketry The National Aeronatics and Space Administration is created, Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to launch into space in 1961, while Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American astronaut. Apollo 11 becomes the first spacecraft to land on the Moon in 1969, while the first Saturn rocket launched in 1975. Day by day, the modern rocket science field focuses on how to improve space and planetary travel.