Nov 10, 1483
Birth of Martin LutherLuther's birth
Martin Luther was born November 10, 1483 and died on February 18, 1546. Luther was an Augustinian monk and a Christian theologian known also as the Father of the Protestant Reformation. He sparked the reformation, went up against the Pope, released writings, deeply influenced Protestant and other Chrsitian traditions, and evenentually developed a standard German version of the bible
Jan 1, 1510
Martin Luther sent to RomeRome
In the winter of 1510, Martin Luther was sent to Rome with another monk as one of two representatives for his monastical order to defent their side of conflict on how they should be governed. Yes, at this point he was content witht the Roman Catholic practices and the indulgences in Rome, but later in his journey he finds out his harsh critisism towards the scandalist abusers.
Oct 31, 1517
Martin Luther's 95 Theses95 Theses Rap95 Theses
Martin Luther believed the practice of indulgences and the penance for sin representing a financial transaction instead of a genuine contrition in the church was immoral. He found the Christians falsely believing they could receive absolution through indulgence purchases. Therefore, he decided to take a stand against the church in his “scholarly objection to practices” by posting his 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church of Wittenberg.
Jun 15, 1520
The Excimation WarningExcimation WarningPapal Bull
Pope Leo X, warned Luther that he will be excommunicated unless he recanted 41 sentences included in his 95 Theses within the next sixty days. This was known as the papal bull 'Exsurge Domine'. Luther's response to the Exsurge Domine was to simply burn a copy of it in addition to several copies of the Canon Law.
Sep 15, 1520
The release of the Three TreatisesThree Treatises
Over a course of four months, Luther released his Three Treatesis. Although each Treatise addresses a specific topic, they all are seeking to assauge the burden and reform their faith by returning to their religious scripture. In attempt to clarify and defend his position in the reform, he also allowed his ideas to be comprehendable to people with wide range sof background, but most importantly show his critisism of the Catholic system.
Jan 3, 1521
Martin Luther's ExcommunicationExcommunication from the Catholic Church
Because Martin refused to comply after being warned, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church on January 3, 1521 by Pope Leo X. Months later, after the excommunication, he was called to defend, he was ruled as an outlaw and said to be heretic, so the edict of worms placed him under imperial ban. This included his books being burned.
Apr 18, 1521
Luther's Speech at Diet of WormsSpeech Excerpt Luther's Speech
Luther stood firm before the Emperor, 6 Electors (Princes), 24 dukes, 30 archbishops and bishops and 7 ambassadors bravely defending his written attacks on Catholic beliefs and denying the power of Rome to determine what is right and wrong in matters of faith. In this speech, by clinging to his interpratation of scripture, he provided reasoning for reformation and a reform movement
Mar 9, 1522
Eight SermonsIncoavit Sermons
Starting on Incoavit Sunday, Luther preached eight sermons known as the Incoavit Sermons. He preached for eight days starting with the 9th and ending on the 16th of March.These eight preachings stressed the importance of patience, charity, freedom, and love. The sermons were eventually transcribed by an unknown amanuensis and printed in many editions.
Feb 3, 1525
Anabaptism BeginsAnabaptismThe Anabaptists believed that the church, should be separated from the state, which they believed existed only for the punishment of sinners. Most Anabaptists were pacifists who opposed war; they also refused to swear oaths, including those to civil authorities.. As a result of re-baptism, Anabaptists were heavily persecuted during the 16th century and into the 17th by both Protestants and Roman Catholics.
Feb 3, 1534
Luther's translation of the BibleLuther's translation
Luther released his entire six-part edition German translation of the Bible in 1534. His translation included both testamates and was widely desimated because of the printing press. Him and his six collaboraters' reasoning was to allow the writing to be more accessable to the people of the German nation.