History of the Protestant Faith

By artan69
  • 306

    Holy Roman Emperor Constantine

    Holy Roman Emperor Constantine
    Born on: 27 Feb 272
    Birth Name: Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus
    Birth Place: Naissus, Moesia Superior (modern day Serbia)
    Place of Death: Nicomedia
    Father: Constantius I
    Mother: Helena
    Served in Roman army in 272 ce. Constantine was an apponent of Emperor Diocletian's "Great Persecution" of the Christians. In the winter of 304-5 Diocletian became ill and declared Constantine and Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius Augustus as his heirs. On 01 May 305ce. Diocletian died.
  • 312

    Maxentius vs. Constantine

    Constantine thought that the ROman Empire shoul dbe ruled by one man. This lead to war between Macentius' army and COnstantine's army. On 28 October 312 the armies of Maxentius, which out numbered Constantine's army meet.The night before battle Constantine received an image from God and adopted the Christian cross as his armies symbol.
  • 312

    The Winner

    Constantine's forces although out numbered won the battle by using superior tactics. Maxentius body was fished out of the Tiberous river where he fell and was decapitated. COnstantine was awarded the first title by the Roman Senate and COnstantine's opponents was imprisoned.
  • 313

    Constantine as HRE

    Constantine passed the rule that all religions could be practiced, even Christiandom. Constantine was awarded the title of Pontifex Maximus (high Priest). Emperors held this title as being the head of the ROman Pagan church. Many scholars thought that Constatine, like his mother was a Christian.
  • 325

    The First Council of Nicaea

    First ecumenical council c0nvened by HRE Constantine to obtain a consensus in the Christain faith. From 250 - 318 attendees was present. One of the issues that was covered during this council was the divinity of Jesus, the date of Easter and the offical early canon law. The Council of Nicaea also decided on what teachings would be consider heresy.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Great Schism

    Date: 1378 to 1415
    The Roman Catholic Church split when the King of France didn't like the italian Pope and elected his own Pope. A claim could be declared that the road to this division started when Pope Clement V moved the papacy from ROman to Avignon in 1309.
  • Jan 1, 1387

    Brethren of the Common Life

    A monastic order created by Geert Groote in 1387. Groote died before he could see his dream fully ocme in to being.
  • Jan 1, 1415

    End of the Great Schism

    End of the Great Schism
    Between 1414 and 1418 the Council of Constance healed the Schism. The papacy was moved back to Roman where Pope Martin V was elected as Pope in 1417 and his papacy lasted until 1431.
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Martin Luther is born

    Martin Luther is born
    Date of Birth: 10 Nov 1483
    Martin Luther is born in Eislebrn, Saxony.
    Parents is Hans Luder and his wife Margarethe.
    Occupation: Monk, Priest, Theologian, Professor
    Luthers dad sends him to several Latin schools to learn law. First to Mansfeld, then Magdeburg in 1497. In 1501, at the age of nineteen, he entered the University of Erfurt. Luther received his Masters Degree in 1505.
  • Jan 1, 1486

    Birth of Thomas Muntzer

    Born in Stolberg in the Harz Mountains (Saxony-Anhalt). Studies at the University of Leipzig and University of Frankfurt. Summer of 1516 to fall of 1518 stayed in Frohse. Influenced by Martian Luther's 95 Thesis.
  • Jul 2, 1505

    Martin Luther becomes a Monk

    Luther is riding his horse during a thunderstorm when a lightning bolt strikes near him. He vows to Saint Anna to devote his life to becoming a Monk. He left law school, sold his books, and entered a closed Augustinian friary in Erfurt on 17 July 1505.
  • Jan 1, 1507

    Luther's Monastic Education

    In 1507, he was ordained to the priesthood, and in 1508 began teaching theology at the University of Wittenberg. He received a Bachelor's degree in Biblical studies on 9 March 1508, and another Bachelor's degree in the Sentences by Peter Lombard in 1509.
  • Jul 10, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    Birth Name: Jean Calvin
    Date of Birth: 10 July 1509
    Date of Death: 27 March 1564
    Place of Birth: Noyon, Picardy, France
    Place of Death: Geneva, Switzerland
    Occupation: Pastor, author, theologian
  • Jan 1, 1511

    Angelicanism

    This church came in to being because of King Henry VIII wanting to devorce his first wife on guards of a Biblical passage that said you could not marry the wife of your brother. His devorce wasn't giving discopassion by te Pope so Henry split from the Catholic Church and began the Church of England. The Angelical Church developed from that.
  • Oct 19, 1512

    Luther's Doctor in Theology

    On 19 October 1512, he was awarded his Doctor of Theology and, on 21 October 1512, was received into the senate of the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg, having been called to the position of Doctor in Bible.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    John Knox

    Birth Name:John Knox
    Date of Birth: His exact date of birth isn't known, it is said to be some time during 1513 and 1514.
    Place of Birth: Near Haddington, East Lothian, Kingdom of Scotland
    Date of Death:24 November 1572
    Place of Death: Edinburgh, Kingdom of Scotland
    Occupation: Pastor, author, reformer, and Theological work
  • Jan 1, 1513

    John Know

    John Know
    Born:c. 1513–1514, the exact date is unknown.
    Place of Birth: Near Haddington, East Lothian, Kingdom of ScotlandDied: 24 November 1572
    Place of Death: Edinburgh, Kingdom of ScotlandOccupation: Pastor, author, reformer
  • Jan 1, 1516

    Indulgents

    In 1516, Johann Tetzel, a Dominican friar and papal commissioner for indulgences, was sent to Germany by the Roman Catholic Church to sell indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    The Ninety-Five Theses

    On 31 October 1517, Luther wrote to his bishop, Albert of Mainz, protesting the sale of indulgences. "Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences," which came to be known as The Ninety-Five Theses.
    A person who owns one of the first printing presses decides to print Luther's Ninety-Five Theses and publishes them.
  • Jan 1, 1518

    World Spread of The 95 Theses

    It was not until January 1518 that friends of Luther translated the 95 Theses from Latin into German, printed, and widely copied, making the controversy one of the first in history to be aided by the printing press. Within two weeks, copies of the theses had spread throughout Germany; within two months throughout Europe.
  • Oct 1, 1518

    The threat of excommunication

    After a year of building a case against Martin Luther. he is summoned to Rome by Pope Leo X. In 1520, Pope Leo X threated Luther with the papal bull (edict) Exsurge Domine that he risked excommunication unless he recanted 41 sentences drawn from his writings, including the 95 Theses, within 60 days.
  • Dec 10, 1520

    Luther is Excommunicated

    Luther, who had sent the Pope a copy of On the Freedom of a Christian in October, publicly set fire to the bull and decretals at Wittenberg on 10 December 1520,[56] an act he defended in Why the Pope and his Recent Book are Burned and Assertions Concerning All Articles. As a consequence, Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X on 3 January 1521, in the bull Decet Romanum Pontificem.
  • Apr 18, 1521

    The Diet of Worms

    On 18 April 1521 to 25 May 1521, Luther appeared as ordered before the Diet of Worms. This was a general assembly of the estates of the Holy Roman Empire that took place in Worms, a town on the Rhine. It was conducted from 28 January to 25 May 1521, with Emperor Charles V presiding. Prince Frederick III, Elector of Saxony, obtained a safe conduct for Luther to and from the meeting.
  • May 25, 1521

    Martin Luther the Outlaw

    Over the next five days, private conferences were held to determine Luther's fate. The Emperor presented the final draft of the Diet of Worms on 25 May 1521, declaring Luther an outlaw, banning his literature, and requiring his arrest: "We want him to be apprehended and punished as a notorious heretic." It also made it a crime for anyone in Germany to give Luther food or shelter. It permitted anyone to kill Luther without legal consequence.
  • May 25, 1521

    Martin Luther during his Dyas as captive.

    AS martin was returnign to Wittenberg he was kidnapped and held captive at Wartburg Castle at Eisenach. During his stay here he translated the scriptures from Latin to German. Martin also wrote several other books wher ehe explained God's Garce.
  • Mar 6, 1522

    Martin Luther's return

    Martin secretly returns to Witennburg. 9 March, Luther preached eight sermons, which became known as the "Invocavit Sermons." Luther next set about reversing or modifying the new church practices. Luther was unable to stifle radicalism further afield. Preachers such as Zwickau prophet Nicholas Storch and Thomas Müntzer helped instigate the German Peasants' War of 1524–25, during which many atrocities were committed, often in Luther's name, but Luther opposed teh rebels.
  • Apr 1, 1523

    The 12 Nuns

    Martin Luther helped 12 Nuns escape from the Nimbschen Cistercian convent in April 1523, when he arranged for them to be smuggled out in herring barrels. "Suddenly, and while I was occupied with far different thoughts," he wrote to Wenceslaus Link, "the Lord has plunged me into marriage."[86] Katherina was 26 years old, Luther was 41 years old.
  • Jan 1, 1524

    Anabaptist

    Founded by Conrad Grebel and Thomas Müntzer. It means "those who are rebaptized." They are a New Testament Protestant movement.
  • May 15, 1525

    Battle of Frankenhausen

    Without Luther's backing for the uprising, many rebels laid down their weapons; others felt betrayed. Their defeat by the Swabian League at the Battle of Frankenhausen on 15 May 1525, followed by Müntzer’s execution, brought the revolutionary stage of the Reformation to a close,
  • May 27, 1525

    Thomas Muntzer's death

    Backed the Peasant's War and te Anabaptist movement. Was beheaded in Muhlhausen in Thuringia. Disagreed with Martin on: Infant Baptism, the bread and wine of the Eucharist is only a symbology of Christ, and he believed and taught that the Bible was the living word of God.
  • Jun 13, 1525

    Martin and Katharina von Bora Wedding

    On 13 June 1525, the couple was engaged with Johannes Bugenhagen, Justus Jonas, Johannes Apel, Philipp Melanchthon and Lucas Cranach the Elder and his wife as witnesses. On the evening of the same day, the couple was married by Bugenhagen. The ceremonial walk to the church and the wedding banquet were left out, and were made up two weeks later on 27 June.
  • Jul 14, 1525

    Martin Luther's Married Life

    Luther and his wife moved into a former monastery, "The Black Cloister," a wedding present from the new elector John the Steadfast (1525–32). They embarked on what appeared to have been a happy and successful marriage, though money was often short.Between bearing six children, and Margaret – 1534. Katharina helped the couple earn a living by farming the land and taking in boarders.
  • Dec 1, 1525

    Martin Luther's Married Life (cont.)

    From Dec 1525 to 1534, Luther spent his time on reforming the church and writing additional texts. "Bondage of the Will and the Catechism", "Small Catechism", and "Large Catechism" is some of the titles that Martin wroet during this time. Luther had published his German translation of the New Testament in 1522, and he and his collaborators completed the translation of the Old Testament in 1534, when the whole Bible was published.
  • Dec 31, 1545

    The Council of trent

    Conveined by Pope Paul IV, this council lasted until 1563 ending with Pope Pius IV. The council developed the reformation of the Catholic Church. It decided on the doctrine and teachings.
  • Feb 18, 1546

    Luthers Death

    Luthers Death
    Between 1531 and 1546 Martin's health began to deteriorate and he suffered from angina. In 18 Feb 1546 just 3 days after he gave his sermon at Eisleben, his place of birth, Martin Luther died. A cast of his face and hands was made after his death.
  • Jan 1, 1555

    Papal Reformation

    When Pope Paul IV was elected to be Pope in 1555, he started to reform the Catholic Church.
  • Aug 18, 1571

    The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day

    A planned amrriage between a Catholic and a Protestant, one of wich was the daugther of Catherinr de Medici. The Protestant royals was lullued by the good grace of their hosts and was murdered.
  • King James V Bible

    King James V ordered that the Bible be translated in to English so everyone could read it. The translation began in 1604 and ended in 1611. The King James Bible is the highest selling book of al times. Kiig James wanted the Bible to reflect the teachings of teh Church of Englnad.
  • Episcopal Church

    Started as a movement with the Church of England. Its members moved to the American Colonies and started a settlement of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Authority was based from the Bishop in England. By 1785 seven settlements in different states was formed.
  • Baptists

    Formed in Amsterdam, with English Separatist John Smyth as its pastor. Based on the teachings in the New Testament and salvation through Jesus Christ.
  • Quakers

    Following the English Civil War many dissenting Christian groups emerged in dissatisfaction of the Church of England. They formed this movement and was lead by John Foxx. In 1650, Foxx was brought before magistrates Gervase Bennet on a charge of religious blasphemy. To avoid further persecution, they left for the Americas.
  • Jacobites

    This was a movement to restore te Staurt King James tand his decendants to the throne. It developed in to a religion that is losely based on Catholicism.
  • Presbyterian

    Started by John Knox in Scottland and based off of the teachings of Martian Luther and John Calvin.
  • Methodist

    Part of the Evangelical Movement, the Methodist was began as a small religious meeting group by John and Charles Wesley and James Whitefield. They called themselves the Hold Order CLub, but was jokingly called Methodists by the community. This name stuck to themafter them was excommunicated by the Church of England. John didn't want to seperated from the Church of ENgland, but his excommunication forced his hand.
  • Evangelicalism

    A Protestant movement which formed in to the Methodist in 1730. Based around:
    The need for personal conversion, or being "born again"
    A high regard for biblical authority
    An emphasis on teachings that proclaim the saving death and resurrection of the Son of God, Jesus Christ[1]
    Actively expressing and sharing the gospel
  • The Great Awakening

    Refers to the raise of Protestantism in teh American by people such as Johnathon Edwards, James Whitefield, and Joseph Tracy. Lasted until 1740.
  • Hegelianism

    A philosophical started by G.W.F. Hegel that focused on thee stages.
    in itself (An-sich)
    out of itself (Anderssein)
    in and for itself (An-und-für-sich).
  • Nazism

    The offical party of the Third Reicht. Formed under the belief that the arian race is the superior race. They wanted to exterminate the Jewish race and other organizations that went against their teachings.