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The Earth's Faults

  • Motagua Fault

    Motagua Fault
    The Motagua fault is a transform boundary found in El Salvador, Guatemala and even the tip of Mexico. This fault has been the cause of numerous Earthquakes through out all of Central America and caused devestating effects. This fault forms some of the boundary between the North American plate and the Caribbean plate edges. This fault is directly south of the Chixoy- Pichoc fault and runs exactly parallel to its edge as well. The 1976 Earthquake caused from this fault rated a 7.5.
  • Chaman Fault

    Chaman Fault
    The Chaman Fault is an active geological fault located on the Pakistan and India border. This fault is produced as the Eurasian plate and Indo-Australian plate slide past each other, forming a transform boundary. This fault is a slipe-stirke fault and has been found to be slipping at a rate of 10 millimeters every year. There have been 4 major earthquakes produced from this fault since 1505 in 1892, 1935 and the 1978 Earthquake with a rating of 6.4. The earthquake in 1935 measured a 7.7.
  • North Anatolian fault

    North Anatolian fault
    The north Anatolian fault runs almost parallel to the East Anatolian fault directly south in Turkey. This transform boundary is also a strike-slip just as California's San Andreas and Calaveras faults, showing a great deal of attributes in common. At this fault line in Turkey, there have been more than 7 earthquakes rated at a 7.0 or greater on the richter scale and causing great damage. In 1999, the Izmit earthquake took almost 17,500 lives, one of the greatest death tolls in history.
  • San Andreas Fault

    San Andreas Fault
    The San Andreas fault is the most notable and dangerous fault present in the United States. Running a total of 1300 km, the San Andreas fault shows a prime example of a transform boundary between and oceanic and continental plate. This fault exists at the boundary of the Pacific plate and the North American plate on the coast of California. AS many large cities are located on the fault, earthquakes here can have devestating effects, such as the Parkfield earthquake of 2004 rated as a 6.0.
  • Chixoy-Polochic Fault

    Chixoy-Polochic Fault
    The Chixoy-Polochic Fault is also a transform boundary found just off the coast of Guatemala and cut straight through the country. At this plate boundary, the Caribbean Plate and the North America Plate slide past each other, causing rumbles and Earthquakes. In 2007, a 7.5 Earthquake was roduced from this exact fault, sending devestating effects to the entire country of Guatemala and surrounding countires of Honduras, Belize, Mexico and Honduras.
  • Calaveras Fault

    Calaveras Fault
    The Calaveras Fault is one of the major branches of the San Andreas Fault found all through out California. This Fault line has been known in the past to bring about large Earthquakes in and around major cities in the Southern California area. This fault is a major transform boundary and is approximated at 123 km long, all the way from Hollister to Danville. The Calaveras Fault runs side-by-side with the Hayward Fault and the San Andreas Fault, being the furthest East of the three.
  • Macquarie Fault zone

    Macquarie Fault zone
    The Macquarie fault zone is located in the South-Eastern PAcific and runs directly through the island nation of New Zealand. This transform boundary is positioned at the egde of the PAcific plate and the Indo-Australian plate. As the plates slide past each other, major earthwuakes can come to exist causin great damage to New Zealnad, Australia and other Island nations near. In 2008, a major 7.1 earthquake struck New Zealand from this fault zone and did a great deal of damage.
  • Liquine-Ofqui Fault

    Liquine-Ofqui Fault
    In Chile, the earthquakes and mountains rule the land. At a total of 1000 km long, the Liquine-Ofqui fault on the coast of Chile runs from a north to south direction. This boundary is as well a transform fault and can be classified as a dextral intra-arc fault. The fault runs from the boundary of the Nazca plate and the Antarctic Plate to the tirple boundary of the South American plate at the southern tip of Chile. The 2010 Earthquake scaled as an 8.8, the sixth largest in history.
  • East Anatolian Fault

    East Anatolian Fault
    The East Anatolian Fault is often looke past due to the larger and arguably more destructive North Anatolian Fault located so near it. The East Anatolian fault is located in the South-Western portion of Turkey, almost on the Syrian border. This fault as well is very common to the transform faults found in California as they are both Strie-Slip Fault zones. At this fault, the Anatolian Plate and the Arabic Plate slide past each other, causing Earthquakes just like the 6.1 that struck in 2010.
  • Itoigawa-Shizuoka Fault

    Itoigawa-Shizuoka Fault
    The Itoigawa-Shizuoka fault in Japan is one of the major faults that lies among the Japanese Island. Also known as the Ito Shizu Sen fault, this transform boundary runs from the Japanese island of Honshu running from the city of Itoigawa to the city of Shizuoka. Some scientists believe this fault has some role in the great Japan earthquake in 2011 in Tohoku that brought along great devestating effects. this Earthquake measured a 9.0 on the Richter scale.