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The Civil War

  • The Election of 1860

    The Election of 1860
    The Election of 1860 On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States. Lincoln was up against John C. Breckenridge, John Bell, and Stephan Arnold Douglas. Most of the Southern states were against him because he supported abolition, and without slaves, the South would not be able to produce as many goods to sell, therefore making less money. Once Abraham Lincoln was elected the southern states declared thmselves independent from the Union.
  • The South Secedes

    The South Secedes
    The South Secedes Soon after Abraham Lincoln was elected the Southern states seceded from the Union. They called themselves the Confederates and elected Jefforson Davis as their president. They formed a new government and wrote their own constitution. Abraham Lincoln soon declared that the South was in a rebellion.
  • Election of Jefferson Davis

    Election of Jefferson Davis
    Jefferson Davis elected president of the Confederacy On November 6, 1861 Jefforson Davis was elected president of the Confederacy. He served for four years until 1865, when the Civil War officially ended. As president Jefferson sent a peace commission to Washington; Lincoln however refused to speak with the South. Davis then bombed Fort Sumter,attempting to blow up the supplies Lincoln had sent there.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    Battle of Fort Sumter
    After the Confederates had declared themselves independent from the Union, they began bombing Fort Sumter. Major Robert Anderson (of the North) began asking his men to move from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter near the harbor's entrance. Though the South tried to make sure that Anderson and his men stayed at Fort Moultrie, Anderson had his men and their families row to Fort Sumter.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    Hearing of this movement, General Beauregard (commander of the South) and his men decided to bomb Fort Sumter, where the supplies and Northern soldiers were staying.
  • Battle of Bull Run (1)

    Battle of Bull Run (1)
    Battle of Bull Run The Battle of Bull Run took place along a stream called Bull Run. There were 28,000 Union soldiers against 33,000 Confederate soldiers, making it difficult for the Union soldiers to defeat the Confederates. In the beginning of the battle the Confederate soldiers were retreating, however General Jackson gave his men the courage to continue fighting. They continued to fight until their reinforcement came, in which time the Union soldiers retreated to Washington.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    Battle of Shiloh The Battle of Shiloh was a Union victory under new command General Ulysses S. Grant. The Confederates suprise attacked Union Forces forcing them back. However more Union soldiers arrived and attacked back forcing a Confederate retreat.
  • The Seven Days Battle

    The Seven Days Battle
    Seven Days Battle The Seven Days Battle consisted of six major battles. The Union army returned to Virginia, this time under different command. General Robert E. Lee had left the Union army to go fight for the Confederate. Lee and his men attacked Union forces forcing them to retreat.
  • the Second Battle of Bull Run

    the Second Battle of Bull Run
    Second Battle of Bull Run After the Union loss at the Seven Days Battle Lincoln orded John Pope to advance on the Confederate army and attack. However Lee was prepared and attacked Pope's army, which quickly lost. The Second Battle of Bull Ron was yet another victory for the Confederate army.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam Summary The Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest battle fought in a single day. the Union losses were great in number, however Confederates suffered greater. General Robert E. Lee and his troops suffered a loss of nearly one third of his troops and retreated. This battle remains the bloodiest battle in U.S. history.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation
    On September 22, 1862 the Emancipation Procliamtion was written and issued by Abraham Lincoln. It stated that All slaves in non-occupied areas that were in a rebellion were to be freed on January 1, in 1863. Many African American's were also allowed to serve in the war against the Confederates.
  • The Habeas Corpus Suspension Act

    The Habeas Corpus Suspension Act
    Habeas Corpus Habeus Corpus was where you had to be tried to figure if you were guilty of your accusation, or in other words protection against being sent to jail without reason. In 1863 Abraham Lincoln suspended Habeus Corpus to make it possible to arrest antiwar activists. This led to a drafting law.
  • The Drafting Law

    The Drafting Law
    The Northern Draft In 1863 a drafting law was passed allowing men to be forced to join the army. This angered people and anti-draft riots began to arise. As a result 600,000 men were forced into the army.
  • Batttle of Vicksburg

    Batttle of Vicksburg
    Battle of Vicksburg As David Farragut captured port cities along the Mississippi he noticed Vicksburg was the only city standing in his way. General Ulysses S. Grant began surrounding the town cutting off all supplies hoping for a surrender. The Confederates did indeed surrender on July 4, 1863
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg The Battle of Gettysburg took place on July 1, 1863. In the beginning the Confederates were winning; however after George Pickett's (confederate) charge many of the Confederate soldiers had been killed or captured. Pickett realized that his plan had failed and retreated.
  • The Gettysburg Address

    The Gettysburg Address
    Teh Gettysburg Address After the Union success at the Battle of Gettysburg The Gettysburg Address was written by Abraham Lincoln. This famous document was dedicated to the Union success in battle. Lincoln presented the Gettysburg Adress in front of the Soldiers' National Cemetery.
  • Appomattox Courthouse

     Appomattox Courthouse
    The Battle of Appomatox Courthouse The Appomattox Courthouse was the place where the Confederate army surrendered realizing that losing more lives would be pointless. Grant accepted this surrender and The Civil War was over. The Civil War was a Union success
  • The South Surrenders

    The South Surrenders
    The South Surrenders After four years of battle, the Civil War finally came to an end. In the town, Appomatox Courthouse Lee surrendered to Grant. The Civil War is considered the bloodiest battle fought in the U.S..