Texas History Lydia Daugherty

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    1492 he sailed the ocean blue. He stared The Columbian Exchange. The process involved the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The effect was there is more food, plants and animals. The Columbian Exchange was his long lasting achievement.
  • Feb 11, 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    In 1519 Cortes establishes the first Spanish settlement on the American mainland. After landing the Spanish learned about the powerful and wealthy Aztec empire. Which was led by Motezuma 2. He decided to find and take Motezuma and sank his ships so his soldiers couldn't retreat. An idian women named Malintzin helped. Cortes. The Aztecs had large amounts of gold, presious gems, and silver. Even though Motezuma gave Cortes peace offerings it wasn't enough. Fighting took action. Cortes won.
  • Sep 14, 1519

    Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda

    Alonzo Alvarez de Pineda
    Him and his crew were the first Europeans to see the Texas Coast. Also, he was the first European to map he Texas Gulf Coast. In 1519 he sailed with a fleet from Jamacia into the Gulf of Mexico. Was to explore the land between Flordia and Mexico. Pineda established a colony by a large river called the Panueo. He sent ships back to Jamacia. When they returned they found settlers had been killed in Indiand attacks.
  • Mar 17, 1527

    Panfilo de Narvaez

    Panfilo de Narvaez
    In 1527 Narvaez led a voyage to the Gulf of Mexico. He dreamed of finding riches. The expedition included 5 ships with some 600 soldiers, plus horses. The American Indians described Alpalachee a northern region that was rich in gold. Naraez sent the ships to harbor, while him and 300 soldiers set off to Alpalchee. They became lost , weak, and out of food. Many were wounded or killed. When the explorers neared shore the ships weren't there. The stranded explorers ate their horses to survive.
  • Jun 27, 1527

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    Vaca said " It became spear that we could only leave this terrible land only by dying." The spa rids used whatever material they could find to build Serrano small slimy boats. After a month they set sail but came across a huge storm. Three of the boats plus Naraveaz washed up on the Texas Coast. But he disappeared when his poorly anchored boat washed out to sea.About 80 explorers survived. The Karankwa took them in. This was the begging of the age Age of Contact in Texas.
  • Nov 8, 1540

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
    Coronado's goal was to conquer Cibola and gain its treasure. When they reached the that Fray Marcos had seen and said the city was made of gold, he found a force of Zuni Indians waiting. The Spaniards were prepared and soon defeated the Zuni. Coronado was disappointed but heard of a city called Quivira that was full of gold. But they found nothing. They broke into a fight. Also he traveled onto the flatlands of the Texas Panhandle.
  • Juan Onate

    King Philip 2 of Spain wanted to control expanding settlement. He granted Juan Onate the right to settle and govern the colony. The colony he established is New Mexico. He led more than 500 colonists north across the Chihuanhuan Desert. He also decided to explore the northeast toward Quivira. In 1601 Onate set out across the Texas Panhandle, but he failed at finding gold.
  • Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle

    Rene Robert Cavelier Sieur de La Salle
    In 1682 La Salle expanded France's empire.La Salle returned to France asking his king for permission to establish a a settlement near the rivers (Mississippi) mouth. They king supported him. La Salle expedition left France in 1684 with 4 ships and 300 soldiers and settlers. A year later they built a settlement called Fort St. Louis. They decided to go to Canada. Tension mounted and they started arguing. Salle own soldier murederd him.......La Salle expedition ended in disaster.
  • Mission San Fransisco

    The first mission in Texas
  • La salle

    La salle
    La Salle established Fort St. Louis in 1685
  • San Antonio

    San Antonio
    In 1718 the city of San Antionio was founded .
  • Nacogdohes

    In 1779 Nacogdohes was founded by Don Antonio Gil Y'Barbo. This is considered to be the oldest town in Texas.
  • Mission San Jose

    Mission San Jose
    In 1782 mission San Jose was founded.
  • Missions

    In 1793 most missions in Texas got closed.
  • Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan and his men fight Spanish soldiers near Waco
  • Philip Nolan

    Philip Nolan and his men fight Spanish soldiers near Waco in 1801.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The United States bought land from France in 1803 for $15 million. This in known as the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Neutral Ground

    The Neutral Ground Agreement is established.
  • 1811

    *Juan Bautista de las Casas declares Texas independent from Spain
    *Las Casas captured and executed
    *Father Hildago is executed
  • Gutierrez-Magee

    The Gutierrez-Magee is defeated at he battle of Medina.
  • James Long

    James long leads group of Anglo Americans to Nacogdoches.
  • 1821

    Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • 1821

    Moses Austin receives permission to settle 300 families in Texas. Stephan F. Austin brings Anglo American settlers to Texas.
  • Martin de Leon

    Martin de Leon petitions to establish the first Tejano colonies in Texas.
  • Green DeWitt

    Green Dewitt is granted permission to settle 400 families in Texas.
  • Father Miguel Hildalgo

    In 1810 father Miguel Hildago issues the Grito de Dolores.