Oct 12, 1492
Christopher ColumbusColumbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492, he made it into a island that he thought was India because he called the people their Native Indians. He named the island he landed on El Savodor which meant "Holy Spirits." He took 3 ships with him which are call, The Pinta, Nina, and The Santa Mana. The Columbus exchange began when Columbus first arrived in America. The trades where animals, plants, and dieses, they were trade between Europe, Africa, Asia, and America.
Jul 19, 1517
Alonzo Alvarez de PinedaDe Pineda was the first European to map the Texas gulf constant was the fist European to see the gulf coast. De Pineda sailed a fleet from Jamaica to the Gulf of Mexico, he decided to stay and build a colony while he also send the ship back home. De Pineda sailed west from Florida and reached a large river were several American Indian villages were. When the ship return back they found that de Pineda and his men were found died by some native Indian tribes.
Aug 6, 1519
Hernan CortesCortes establish the first Spanish colony on the American mainland in 1519, Cortez lead a fleet of two ships with 600 soldiers. Many people join Cortez in march to the Aztec capital but all Cortes wanted was gold, gems, and silver. Most of the people of the Aztec died or was enslave. He overthrew the Aztec empire and won Mexico for the crown of Spain, what is now Mexico used to be the Aztec empire. He set sail to the new world at age 19, Cortes also join an expedition in Cuba and set off.
Nov 15, 1527
Cabeza de VacaVaca was one out of four survivors of the Narvaez expidition in 1527. He joined the Spanish army as an adult and fought at the battle of Ravenna in Italy on 1512. Years after traveling southwest he became a trader and a faithful healer to various native Americans tribes.
Jun 12, 1536
Panfilo de NarvaezNarvaez was a Spanish explorer and a soldier, he was granted the land Florida by Charles V in 1526. He led an expedition there with 250 to 300 men including Cabeza de Vaca. Surviving a hurricane near Cuba there expedition went west off the coast of Florida. Hurricanes and native Americans killed a lot of the crew, after surviving a cold winter there was only 15 men left and when they travel west for spring there was only 4 men left. They made it to Mexico City by 1536 by the help of some tribes.
Jul 23, 1554
Francisco Vasquez de CorandoCorando was a Spanish explore and conquistador who led a large expedition from Mexico to present day Kansas. He was credited for discovering the Grand Canyon and several other famous landmarks. He went out with 300 soldiers and 1000 Indians, that July they encounter Zuni Indians and was now New Mexico. He decided to send his men in different directions to investigate further. He also spent the remaining of his life in Mexico City working as a member for the City Council.
Reñe Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La SalleLa Salle expedition down the Mississippi river claiming the region of France, he was also known for lead an expedition down from Illinois and Mississippi River. He wanted to conquer and invade part of the Spanish province of Mexico, he failed the expedition and it cost him his life. He was killed by his own men and was stabbed in the back and that is why the expedition cost him his life.