Tertiary Period

  • Period: to

    Tertiary Period

    This Era started 65 million years ago and finished 2 million years ago.
    This Era is split into 5 parts.This was the Era of mammals.
    Life in the Tertiary Era On land, the age of the mammals was beginning. Rodents evolved, as well as gliding mammals and the early primates. Sharks and fish took over from marine reptiles. Towards the middle of this Era, the ancestors of elephants, horses, cattle, pigs, rhinos and deer appeared. Other mammals such as whales and sea cows took to the water.
  • Period: to

    Paleocene Epoch

    Europe is joined with North America
    Australia is joined with Antarctica
    India a land unto itself
    Atlantic Ocean is forming The condylarths-ancestors of modern hoofed herbivores
    The first Primates
  • mass extinction

    mass extinction
    the world has just started recovering form a mass extinction that occured some years earlier. it was not an asteroid neccessarily
  • marsupials

    The Rise of The Mammals
    The extinction event at the close of the Cretaceous Period wiped out the dinosaurs, large reptiles, and many other species. This left room for new animals to develop. The mammals became the dominant animals. In fact, the Cenozoic Era is often called the Age of Mammals.
  • creodonts

    which were the ancestors of the modern carnivores
  • insectivores

    An insectivore is a type of carnivore with a diet that consists chiefly of insects and similar small creatures
  • amblypods

    which were small, heavy-bodied animals
  • condylarths

    which were light-bodied herbivorous animals with small brains
  • primates

    small 5 toed 4 footed. originated in north america
  • rodents

    small furry mammals with teeth that do not stop growing
  • Period: to

    Eocene Epoch

    Europe and North America separate
    Elephant ancestors
    Eohippus-the first horse
  • horse

    a much smaller version but still the ansestor of the horse
  • rhinoceros

    again a much samller version of the modern day rino
  • Monkey

    the ansestor of the monkey evolved at this time
  • Modern birds

    Modern birds
    such as eagles, pelican, quail, and vulture
  • Late PaleoceneThermal Maximum

    Late PaleoceneThermal Maximum
    A global climate change called the Late Paleocene
    Thermal Maximum effected an overall warming of the planet.
  • aquatic mammals

    aquatic mammals
    mammals that live in the water began evolving at this time for example: whales
  • codylarths

    cardylarths become extinct before the Eocene epoch ends
  • Period: to

    Oligocene Epoch

    Australia separates from Antarctica
    India crashes into Asia-forms Himalayans
    Antarctica is covered by glaciers
    Sea levels are low
    Dogs, cats, and pigs
    toothed whales
  • Carnivores

    first true carnivores, resembling dogs and cats, evolved
  • anthropoid apes

    anthropoid apes
    The first anthropoid apes, but they became extinct in North America during the epoch
  • oreodonts

    the oreodonts are small, doglike, grazing animals which florished during the oligocene epoch
  • titanotheres

    the titanotheres are related to the rhinoceros and the horse which florished during the oligocene epoch
  • Period: to

    Miocene Epoch

    Africa is pushing into Europe-forms the Alps
    Arctic becomes covered with ice
    Horses,camels,and rhinos
    Beaver-like animals
    many apes and other primates
  • mastodon, grasses

    mastodon, grasses
    grass became dominate and wide spread at this time
  • archaic mammals

    archaic mammals
    most of the archaic mammals disappeared to be replaced by modern mammals.
  • Proconsul

    Proconsul is the best known primate hominoid from about 25 million years ago (the early Miocene) in Africa
    Proconsul still had many ape-like features, e.g., in the ankles, feet, and teeth, but had an opposable thumb, shoulder, and comparatively large brain like later hominids
  • Megalodon

    largest shark known in the history of the Earth, Megalodon,
    existed from about 16 to 1.6 mya. This marine monster was at
    least twice the length of great white sharks, and may have
    weighed as much as 20 times more.
  • Period: to

    Pilocene Epoch

    Africa closes off the Mediterranean Sea
    North and South America join at Panama
    The Geography of the earth similar to today
    First hominids-human ancesters
  • higher mammals

    higher mammals
    mammals with a higher brain function
  • first hominids

    first hominids
    During the Pliocene the first hominids appeared; these were our human ancestors!
  • Position of Continents

    Position of Continents
    Approximately 2.6 million years ago the continents assumed their present-day positions. As a result of tectonic activity between Europe and North America land bridges were broken.
  • australopithecine

    Australopithecus and relatives found from about 5 million years ago in Africa
    Australopithecus seems to be an offshoot of the hominid tree, rather than a direct ancestor to Homo
  • ice age begins

    ice age begins
    The cooling climate of the Tertiary Period led to huge glaciers at the poles. The mountains of the world were also covered by glaciers, including the newly formed Himalayas and Alps. The huge amounts of water locked up in the ice lowered the level of the sea and land bridges appeared: