Supreme court

Supreme Court Cases

  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Case: President John Adams appointed William Marbury a justice for thDistrict of Columbia. James Madison refused to deliver the appointment papers. Marbury complained to the Court, which ruled in favor of Madison delcaring part of the the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional. Importance: established the practice of judicial review
    Importance: Established judicial review.
  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    McCulloch v. Maryland
    Case: Maryland required the Bank of the United States to print money on special paper. A cashier at the Baltimore branch, James McCulloch, refused, claiming MD could not take the bank. Importance: States cannot tax agencies of the Federal government. "The power to tax implies the power to destroy."
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Case: Chief Justice John Marshall rejected a steamboat monopoly grated by New York by declaring steamboat traffic was commerce. Importance: Upheld power of Congress to regulate commerce between the states.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    Case: Slave Dred Scott was taken into free territory by his owner. He sued that this made him free. importance: Case ruled that slaves were property. Therefore, they could not use the courts.
  • Plessy v. Feguson

    Case:Homer Plessy argued that segregated railcars violated his "equal protections of the laws." Importance: Court ruled "separate but equal" does not violate 14th Amendment
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
    Case: This case challenged segregation of public schools in the US. Importance: Overturns Plessy v. Ferguson ruling. Court rules that segregation has no place in education.