Space Race By nskinner16 Oct 4, 1957 Sputnik 1 Sputnik 1 was first artificial satellite in space. Period: Oct 4, 1957 to Oct 6, 2011 Space Race Jan 1, 1961 1st human in space Yuri A. Gagarin became first human in space. Oct 5, 1961 1st Us citizen in space Alan B. Shepard became the first US. citizen in space. Oct 6, 1962 1st US citizen to orbit Earth Mercury astronaunt John Glenn became 1st US citizen to orbit Earth. Jul 20, 1969 Project Apollo Apollo 11 landed on the Moon's surface. Neil Armstrong was the first human to set foot on the moon. Oct 6, 1995 Galileo Galileo reached Jupiter.