The satellite called Sputnik 1 went into space. The USSR launched this satellite, and it was the first satellite in space.
The second Sputnik launched on November third, and this time it had a dog in it! The USSR launched a dog named Laika, who was the first dog in space. Saddly, Laika didn't make it back to Earth alive.
The first American space probe to go into space.
This was the first manned space project. There were 7 astronauts. NASA achived all of the project's goals, which are listed below.
1: Orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth
2: Investigate man's ability to function in space
3: Recover both man and spacecraft safely
First Creatures To Survive A Space Flight
Two American monkeys became the first living creatures to survive a space flight.
First Man In Space
A Russian man named Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. He orbited all the way around the Earth and made it back safely.
First American In Space
Alan B. Shepard became the first USA citizen in space.
First American To Orbit The Earth
John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962.
Mariner 2 verified the very high temperatures in Venus's atmosphere. This is a USA probe.
One Small Step For Man, One Giant Leap For Mankind.
An American named Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon when Apollo 11 landed there on July 20th, 1969. Edwin Aldrin walked on the moon too, and Michael Collins stayed in the command module.
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." - Armstrong.
Houston, We Have A Problem.
An explosion happened within 56 hours of lauching. USA's Apollo 13 crew was losing oxygen and they had to make a quick repair using only the things they had brought on board with them. They never made it to the moon, but it was still a big deal. They even made a movie about it!
USA's Pioneer 10 collected pictures of Jupiter, becoming the first probe to encounter an outer planet.
USSR's probe, Venera 8, took pictures of Venus.
The goals for Skylab were to prove that humans could live and work in space for extended periods, and to expand our knowledge of solar astronomy well beyond Earth-based observations. Skylab was able to successfully acheive these goals. Three, three-man crews occupied the Skylab workshop for a total of 171 days and 13 hours. This was an American space station.
This probe from the USA mapped the surface of Mars and also searched for life on Mars.
NASA's Columbia was the first space shuttle to go into space.
The first American woman to go to space was named Sally Ride. She went into space on Challenger. She was very lucky, because in a later mission, the same shuttle exploded killing all 7 people aboard.
The American space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds into flight, killing all 7 astronauts aboard.
USA's Magellan mapped Venus's surface and also returned data on the atmosphere of Venus.
This USA probe went to Jupiter to gather information and take pictures.
Hubble Space Telescope
The American telescope, Hubble, reached a major milestone; its 20th anniversary in orbit, on April 24, 2010. So far, there have been 5 service missions to upgrade the instruments so Hubble can continue to do a great job.
Mars Global Surveyor
NASA launched MGS on November 7, 1996. It completed its mission and was on its 3rd extended mission phase when it failed to do what it was told, and recontact failed. The mission ended in 2007.
The American rover took several tools with it in order to analyze the Martian atmosphere, climate, geology and the composition of its rocks and soil.
This American probe's mission is scheduled to last until 2017. Cassini gather's information about Saturn.
This USA satellite collected information about the moon. It wanted to find out if there was water on the moon.
First Crew On ISS
The first crew made it to the International Space Station. The ISS is currently in its 11th year of human occupation.
On Columbia's last misson, it burned up, killing all 7 astronauts aboard. This happened because of a broken heat shield.
First Chinese Man In Space
China therefore becomes the 3rd country in the space race.
The International Space Station marked its 10th anniversary of continuous human occupation on Nov. 2, 2010.
The space shuttle is scheduled to retire around this date. We will not use the space shuttle anymore.
The unmanned, American, solar-powered space shuttle called Juno is scheduled to blast off on August 5th, 2011. It is going to go around Jupiter 33 times to collect data.
In 2020, I think...
We will be coming up with new and more advanced space travel.
We will be sending new probes and still collecting data from the old ones.
Other countries might also go to space.
In 2030 I think...
We could send people further out in space then just the moon and Earth.
We will continue to collect data from probes.
There might be a new space station.
In 2040, I think...
Many other countries will have gone into space.
We will know more about space and specifically deep space than we do now.
We will have a multitude of types of space travel.