Second World War

  • Japan joins the Axis Powers

    Japan joins the Axis Powers
  • Great Depression begins

    Great Depression begins
  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    Essentially, this was an attempt by the Japanese Empire to gain control over the whole province, in order to eventually encompass all of East Asia. This proved to be one of the causes of World War II.
  • Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany
    On 30 January 1933 Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany. He was the Nazi leader before he became chancellor. He was put in to office because it was thought that other experienced politicians could control Hitler and the Nazis. They were proven wrong. Hitler changed laws so all of the power fell on him and not on the president of Germany.
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt was first elected president

    Franklin Delano Roosevelt was first elected president
    Franklin Delano Roosevelt was first elected president on March 4, 1933. During was presidency he made New Deal, which was a program made to fight the Great Depression and the Twentieth Amendment.
  • The Nuremberg Laws

    The Nuremberg Laws
    On September 15, 1935, The Nuremberg Laws told Jews and other people that they could no longer vote or hold public office. They also didn`t let them marry a German or Germany- blood.
  • Italy Invades Ethiopia

    Italy Invades Ethiopia
    Ethiopia had valuable exports and at the time they were also forming a modern army with the help of several European powers, but was purchased with their own money.
  • Germany Re-Occupies the Rhineland

    Germany Re-Occupies the Rhineland
    The Rhineland is an area of Germany that borders France. It is of economic importance and militarily is still considered strategically significant.
  • Spanish Civil War Start

    Spanish Civil War Start
    The war ended with the victory of the conservative Nationalists, the overthrow of the democratic government, and the exile of thousands of left-leaning Spaniards, many of whom fled to refugee camps in Southern France. With the establishment of a dictatorship led by General Francisco Franco in the aftermath of the Civil War, all right-wing parties were fused into the structure of the Franco regime.
  • Franco Becomes Dictator of Spain

    Franco Becomes Dictator of Spain
    Franco was a Spanish general, dictator and the leader of the Nationalist military rebellion in the Spanish Civil War, and totalitarian head of state of Spain, from October 1936 until his death in November 1975.
  • Rome-Berlin Axis Pact

    Rome-Berlin Axis Pact
    At their zenith in the midst of World War II, the Axis powers ruled empires that dominated large parts of Europe, Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean, but the war ended with their total defeat and dissolution.
  • Japan invades China

    Japan invades China
  • Germany invades Austria

    Germany invades Austria
    In 1938 German took over Austria because Austria had mostly German speakers. After taking over Austria they decided to take over Czechoslovakia but they didn`t want to surrender because they were allied with France. This was a nother cause of World War II.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    Kristallnacht is also known as The Night of Brocken Glass. It was a wave of violent and anti-Jewish pogroms and riots against the Jewish community in Germany.
  • Munich Agreements

    Munich Agreements
    The Munich Pact was an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland. The Sudetenland were areas along Czech borders, mainly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The agreement was negotiated at a conference held in Munich, Germany, among the major powers of Europe without the presence of Czechoslovakia. Today, it is widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement toward Nazi Germany.
  • Spanish Civil War End

    Spanish Civil War End
    The war ended with the victory of the conservative Nationalists, the overthrow of the democratic government, and the exile of thousands of left-leaning Spaniards, many of whom fled to refugee camps in Southern France. With the establishment of a dictatorship led by General Francisco Franco in the aftermath of the Civil War, all right-wing parties were fused into the structure of the Franco regime.
  • Hitler Renounces the Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles

    Hitler Renounces the Provisions of the Treaty of Versailles
    Germany violated the treaty by occupying the rest of Czechoslovakia.
  • Germany & Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact

    Germany & Soviet Union have a nonaggression pact
  • Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact is Signed

    Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact is Signed
    Since fighting a two front war in World War I had split Germany's forces, it had weakened and undermined their offensive; thus, played a large role in Germany losing the First World War. Hitler was determined not to repeat the same mistakes. So, he planned ahead and made a pact with the Soviets - the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact.
  • Britain Signs a Pact with Poland

    Britain Signs a Pact with Poland
    On August 25, two days after the Nazi-Soviet Pact, the Polish-British Common Defence Pact was signed. The treaty contained promises of mutual military assistance between the nations in the event either was attacked by another European country.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    German forces invaded Poland from the north, south, and west. As the Germans advanced, Polish forces withdrew from their forward bases of operation close to the Polish-German border to more established lines of defence to the east. After the mid-September Polish defeat in the Battle of the Bzura, the Germans gained an undisputed advantage.
  • Britain and France Declare War on Germany

    Britain and France Declare War on Germany
    On 1 September 1939 Germany invaded Poland, and two days later Britain and France declared war on Germany because they had a treaty with Poland in which they had undertaken to help Poland if its independence was threatened by force.
  • Period: to

    Phoney War

    From October 1939, to April 1940, there was a little fighting between Britan, France and Germany. This period became known us the Phoney War
  • Period: to

    Fightin between the USSR and Finland.

    Fighting did take place in the winter of 1939-40 between the USSR and the small Baltic state of Finland. The Finish army fought with great skill and ferocity and it took from october 1939 to March 1940 to the USSR defeat the small neighbour. Eventually Finland was defeated and forced to give territory and a naval base to the USSR.
  • Germany invaded Norway and also Denmark

    Germany invaded Norway and also Denmark
    Germany respond to the action of the British and the French miniging the Norwegian ti stop the trade of iron ore by invading Norway and Denmark. The fall of Finland, Norway and Denmark led to a political crisis in Britain and France
  • Wiston Churchil came to power

    Wiston Churchil came to power
    Britain and France were in a political crisis, and both prime ministers were forced to resign, in Britain Winston Churchill came to power in May 1940.
  • Hitler Invades France

    Hitler Invades France
    In the Second World War, the Battle of France was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries, beginning on 10 May 1940, which ended the Phony War.
  • Hitler struck west

    Hitler struck west
    After months of waiting Hitler struck west in may 1940. The Netherlands, Belguim and France were rapidly defeated by German forces. British army was forced to flee from the continent back to Britain. Germany took direct control of much of France. France was beaten and much of Europe occupated
  • Period: to

    germany bomb Britain

    The German airforce, the Lufwaffe, set out to win control of the air over Britain. This was the first stage of invasion plan. German planes bombed military sites, factories and the capital city, London. The British airforce RAF, fought back and the clash of two airforces became known us the Batle of Britain. Altought there were heavy loses on both sides the RAF got the upper hand in the Batle of Britain and as a result Hitler was forced to put off his plans for an invasion of Britain.
  • German air force (Luftwaffe) bombs London and other civilian targets in the Battle of Britain

    German air force (Luftwaffe) bombs London and other civilian targets in the Battle of Britain
  • Germany invaded the Soviet Union

    Germany invaded the Soviet Union
    Germany invaded the Soviet Union in an operation known to the Germans liders as Barbarossa. An army of 3 million men stormed into the USSR, armed with over 3000 tanks and 5000 aircraft. Stalin was taken completly by surprise. Stalin was taken completly by surprise. German forces capture the ley cities, but failed taking the capital, where a fierce resistance was waiting.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and the Battle of Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions
  • Battle of the Coral Sea Start

    Battle of the Coral Sea Start
    The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4–8 May 1942, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval and air forces from the United States and Australia. The battle was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. It was also the first naval battle in history in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.
  • Battle of the Coral Sea End

    Battle of the Coral Sea End
    The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4–8 May 1942, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval and air forces from the United States and Australia. The battle was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. It was also the first naval battle in history in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.
  • Allied Victory in Africa

    Allied Victory in Africa
    During the Second World War, the North African Campaign took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943. It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts and in Morocco and Algeria and Tunisia.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle of World War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in southwestern Russia.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive, launched toward the end of World War II through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region of Wallonia in Belgium, hence its French name, and France and Luxembourg on the Western Front.
  • Allied Conference in Yalta

    Allied Conference in Yalta
    The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, held February 4–11, 1945, was the wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.
  • Germany Surrenders

    Germany Surrenders
    The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Western Allies and the Soviet Union took place in late April and early May 1945. Generally ended the war.
  • Allied Conference in Potsdam

    Allied Conference in Potsdam
    The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from July 16 to August 2, 1945. Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The three nations were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later, Clement Attlee, and President Harry S. Truman.
  • Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the Allies of World War II conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.