Scientific Discoveries 1400-1600

Timeline created by kate71fukui
In History
  • Nov 12, 1440

    Printing Press

    Printing Press
    Johannes Glutenberg invented the Printing Press. He enabled the mass production of books and the rapid dissemination of knowledge throughout Europe. It's effects were that this invention lead to creating a wider literate reading public. It affected the Science field by making it easier for Scientists to spread their works and share ideas, this even lead to the Scientific Revolution of the Enlightenment, which altered how Europeans saw the universe. Church weren't able to control what was out.
  • Feb 19, 1473

    Nicolaus Copernicus

    Nicolaus Copernicus
    Proposed that the sun was the center of the solar system. The Catholic church disagreed because they already accepted Ptolemys geocentric idea and did not want to rewrite the calendar there for dismissed his observations. But later on his discovery helped many other astronomers with their research.
  • Nov 16, 1491

    Martin Behaim

    Martin Behaim
    During his visit to his native home in Nuremberg, in collaboration with the painter Georg Glockendon, Martin Behaim constructed his terrestrial globe between 1491 and 1493, one of two globes, he called the Erdapfel (literally, the earth apple). Though inaccurate, it made navigation easier.
  • Nov 16, 1501

    Michael Servetus

    Michael Servetus
    he came close to discovering the pulmonary circulation of the blood, and published a frequently studied book on the use of syrups in medicine.Michael Servetus was the first doctor ever to challenge and scientifically argue against the theories of Galen, which predominated for 14 centuries in medical schools worldwide. Even though he was relatively correct in scientific terms, Servetus was punished because of his boldness in challenging Galen's theories and was condemned to death by the Holy In
  • Nov 12, 1514

    Andreas Vesalius

    Andreas Vesalius
    Andreas Vesalius was one of the first surgeons in the world and is the first person to actually observe human cadavers and make notes and record findings of the bodies. His book Fabric Of The Human Body is one of the most famous medical books as it has incredibly precise drawings and sketchings.The area that created most problems with the church for Vesalius was the nervous system where the church believed that the heart controls the whole body, emotion, feelings, and even contains the soul.
  • Nov 12, 1514

    Andreas's sketch

    Andreas's sketch
  • Nov 16, 1527

    Niccolò Machiavelli

    Niccolò Machiavelli
    Emphasized the importance of logic as the basis for the search of truth. Ideas alone could not lead to truth, unless supported by facts. Machiavelli’s empirical attitude has often been labeled cynicism, because his field of study was the behavior to be adopted by political leaders seeking power.
  • Nov 18, 1561

    Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    he proposed an entirely new system based on logic inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and benefit of men”. Most importantly, he argued this could be achieved by use of a skeptical and methodical
  • Feb 12, 1564

    Galileo Galilei

    Galileo Galilei
    Cardinal Bellarmine had written in 1615 that the Copernican system could not be defended without "a true physical demonstration that the sun does not circle the earth but the earth circles the sun" Galileo considered his theory of the tides to provide the required physical proof of the motion of the earth.
  • Gregory James

    Gregory James
    Scottish mathematician, invented the first reflecting telescope in 1663. He published a description of the reflecting telescope in "Optica Promota," which was published in 1663.
  • Issac Newton

    Issac Newton
    1666-Sir Issac Newton discovered the Law of Gravity. This is seen to be the start of Modern Astronomy. Also known as Newtons laws.
  • Rene Descartes: Dualism

    Rene Descartes: Dualism
    he worked in psychology; he contended that emotion was finally physiological at base and argued that the control of the physical expression of emotion would control the emotions themselves. His chief work on psychology is in his "Traité des passions de l'âme (1649)". Started Psychology.
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek

    Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovered micro-organisms in a pond. He is known to be the father of micro biology and was the first micro biologist.