Sputnik was made by Russia
Mercury and Gemini were made by the USA
America was the first to go up to space.
Pioneer Program1958-1978 (10 Years)
All 13 missions were successful.
They were unmanned probes that were made to go to the Moon, Venus, Mars, and the Sun.
Important Dates in Space Exploration
The Venera Space ProgramThey were Probes launched by the Soviet Union, they were unmanned space crafts.
16 missions (3 fails, 2 orbits, 6 landers, 3 probes, 2 orbitters and landers)
Lasted 20 Years
MarinerProbes were sent out to orbit Mars, Venus, Mercury.
7/10 were successful
Europe and USA were both involved
Mars Viking ProbesProbes were sent to Mars, they got the first HD pictures of Mars.
2 failed attempts
The Voyager LaunchVoyager 1 was the first man-made object to enter space
Gathers sights and sounds, and also collects informations on stars, planets, galaxies, black holes, etc.
The Space ShuttleFirst reusable space shuttle
135 missions before retirement
Galileo SpacecraftSent to see Jupiter
Found Jupiter had 16 moons
Probe was released 1995
Magellan SpacecraftSent out to orbit Venus
Found that Venus has
No Techtonic Plates
The Hubble Space TelescopeGiant Telescope
Observed Pluto's moon's in Great Detail
Takes 97 minutes for one revolution
The N.E.A.R SpacecraftFirst Spacecraft to orbit an asteriod
The Cassini MissionThe Cassini Mission was to send an orbiter to Saturn to study its atmosphere, rings, and it's moons. It landed on TItan, the main moon of Saturn.
This mission ended July 2008
Space Stations (Mine)ISS (International Space Station)
Been in orbit for about 5245 days since 1998
World Project involving The US, Canada, Japan, Brazil, and The European Space Station
Used to Study Space
Genesis SpacecraftSent to collect Solar Wind which is pieces of sun
Unmanned, and crashed landed because of parachute failure
Mars RoverActive Rovers
Found evidence of Water (to help find life)
Participated in the Space Race,Launched by America