Roman Emperors

  • 3

    Galba

    Galba
  • Period: 3 to 69

    Galba

    Servius Sulpicius Galba was an emperor who reigned from June 68 to January 69 CE. He had arthritis in both his hands and feet, making him unable to wear shoes. Now he was thought to be homosexual, he married a woman named Semilia Lepides. Galba was murdered by Otho on January 15, 69.
  • 9

    Vespasian

    Vespasian
  • Period: 9 to 79

    Vespasian

    Titus Flavius Vespasianus ruled from 69 to 79 CE. People stated he was born into a family of little distinction. Vespasian served as a colonel in Thrace for a while, and was a well-liked ruler in Rome. Vespasian passed away on June 23rd, 79 CE due to natural causes.
  • 10

    Claudius

    Claudius
  • Period: 10 to 54

    Claudius

    Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus reigned from 41 to 54 CE. He extended Roman rule into northern Africa. Power grew to Claudius unexpectedly when former emperor Gaius died. Claudius also made the country of Britain into a province.
  • 12

    Caligula

    Caligula
  • Period: 12 to 41

    Caligula

    Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ruled over Rome during 37 to 41. Caligula, formerly known as Gaius, was known to treat citizens poorly. He treated his horse, Incitatus, very lavishly. He got so offended by the people that he literally made it a crime for anyone to mention goats around him. Caligula was assassinated on January 24, 41.
  • 15

    Vitellius

    Vitellius
  • Period: 15 to 69

    Vitellius

    Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Augustus ruled from April to December in the year of 69. He was number three out of four emperors who happened to rule in 69. For a while, he was named as the governor of Germany. Vitellius was crowned emperor by the Rhine army. He was executed on December 22, 69.
  • 30

    Nerva

    Nerva
  • Period: 30 to 98

    Nerva

    Marcus Cocceius Nerva Caesar Augustus reigned from 96 to 98. He was related to the Julio-Claudian house by marriage. He was one of the Five Good Emperors. Nerva also went by the names Marcus Cocceius Nerva or Nerva Caesar Augustus. He died on January 1st, 98 because he suffered a stroke.
  • 32

    Otho

    Otho
  • Period: 32 to 69

    Otho

    Marcus Salvius Otho Caesar Augustus was an emperor from January to February in the year of 69. He was proclaimed as emperor by the army. Otho had some medical issues, like being bow-legged and having splay-feet. He was also beaten by his father when he was a child. He was Nero's companion and confidant. Otho committed suicide on April 16th, 69.
  • 37

    Nero

    Nero
  • Period: 37 to 68

    Nero

    Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus ruled during 54-68. He was Claudius' successor. While Nero was ruling, his partner Otho would be his companion. People described him as quite the reasonable leader. Nero died on June 9th, 68 as result of suicide.
  • 39

    Titus

    Titus
  • Period: 39 to 81

    Titus

    Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus was crowned as Roman emperor during 79 up to 81. He succeeded his father Vespasian. Along with being a good ruler, he would compose Greek tragedies and wrote poetry in both the Latin and Greek languages. The people considered him to be a naturally kind-hearted man. Titus was overcome by a fever on September 13th, 81.
  • 42

    Tiberius

    Tiberius
  • Period: 42 to 37

    Tiberius

    Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus ruled from 14 to 37. He was the adopted son of Caesar Augustus. He married his first wife, Vipsania, in 19 BCE. He began self-exile on Rhodes 6 BCE. Tiberius died in March 16th, 37.
  • 51

    Domitian

    Domitian
  • Period: 51 to 96

    Domitian

    Titus Flavius Caesar Domitianus Augustus ruled from 81 to 96. He was the youngest son of Vespasian. He spent his youth years in poverty. He was thought to be an able administrator early on into his reign. His last words were "I have made but one mistake." Domitian was assassinated in 96, on September 18th.
  • 53

    Trajan

    Trajan
  • Period: 53 to 117

    Trajan

    Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus ruled from 98 or 117. He also went by the name Marcus Ulpius Traianus. He was adopted by emperor Nerva. He was noted for his beneficial public projects. Trajan was a highly successful general. He died of a stroke on August 8th, 117.
  • 63

    Augustus

    Augustus
  • Period: 63 to 14

    Augustus

    Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus was the first Roman emperor and ruled from 27 to 14. He was adopted by his great-uncle Julius Caesar. He went under many names, a common one being Octavian. Augustus teamed up with Lepidus once to battle Sextus Pompeius, a rival. Augustus died on August 19, 14 due to natural causes, but people believe that his wife poisoned him.
  • 76

    Hadrian

    Hadrian
  • Period: 76 to 138

    Hadrian

    Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus was emperor during 117-138. He was known as one of the Good Five Emperors. He was in charge of Trajan's rearguard. During his reign as emperor of Rome, he was missing from the city for a majority of his time. The most enduring legacy of his was the building projects. Hadrian passed on on July 10th, 138 due to congestive heart failure.
  • 126

    Pertinax

    Pertinax
  • Period: 126 to 193

    Pertinax

    Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus had a short reign, lasting from January 1,193 to March 28 in the same year. He entered the military in 161. Because of his education and family's wealthiness, it granted him to become a commander. Pertinax would make attempts to enforce the unpopular economies in military and civilian expenditure. Pertinax was assassinated by soldiers on March 28, 193.
  • 161

    Commodus

    Commodus
  • Period: 161 to 192

    Commodus

    Born as Lucius Aurelius Commodus, Commodus reigned from 180 to 192. In his family, he was the tenth of fourteen children. The man saw himself as the reincarnation as Roman god Hercules. He considered his reigning period to be the "new Golden Age". Commodus, himself, was a megalomaniac. Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus was assassinated on December 31, 192.
  • 165

    Macrinus

    Macrinus
  • Period: 165 to 218

    Macrinus

    Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus Augustus ruled from 217-218. He was commander of the Praetorian Guard. Shortly after becoming emperor, he went on a purge. After losing in a battle, Macrinus made an attempt to flee from the battlefield to get back to Rome, but his attempt failed miserably. He, failing to disguise himself, was captured in Chalcedon and later on sent to Cappadocia. Macrinus was executed in Cappadocia in June of 218.
  • 173

    Maximinus Thrax

    Maximinus Thrax
  • Period: 173 to 238

    Maximinus Thrax

    Gaius Iulius Verus Maximinus Augustus ruled from March 20, 235 to early May, 238. Born in 173, it's undetermined whether he was born in Thrace or Moesia. His reign marked at the beginning of a civil war. The Rhine army had proclaimed him as emperor. He was the first emperor not to hail from the equestrian nor the senatorial class. Maximinus Thrax died due to assassination in May of 238.
  • Period: 204 to 222

    Elagabalus

    Varius Avitus Bassianus ruled from 218 to 222. People believed he was one of the worst emperors around. He actually became ruler at the age of 14 years old. Now he was also known as "Heliogabalus", he went by "Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus" during his reign and was only called "Elagabalus" after his death. During his lifetime, he married five women and was believed to had married a man as well. Elagabalus died around the age of 18 on March 11, 222.
  • 208

    Severus Alexander

    Severus Alexander
  • Period: 208 to 235

    Severus Alexander

    Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus ruled over Rome from March 11, 222 to either the 18th or 19th of March, 235. He was Elagabalus' heir and became ruler after he died. He also became emperor around a young age, possibly 13 years. It's unknown exactly when he died, but we know it was sometime in 208. Reigning for 13 years, it was the longest of a sole emperor ever since Antonius Pius. Severus Alexander was assassinated by the Germans on March 19th, 235.
  • 222

    Elagabalus

    Elagabalus