Rise of Totalitarianism in 1920' & 1930's

By K Rod
  • Russian Revolution

    Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution started with the March Revoulton in 1917. The unsatisified citizens gathered in St. Petersburg protesting Czar Nicholas II. Nicholas II ended up abdicating and the Provisional Government was now in power. This did not last very long. The Bolsheviks and Lenin end up gaining power later on that year.
  • Bolshevik Takeover

    Bolshevik Takeover
    Squads of Red Guards, Russian sailiors, and factory workers attacked the Provisional Government. The Provisional Government was forced to collaspe. Lenin and the Bolsheviks believed in the views of Karl Marx. After gaining control, they made Moscow their capital, ended private ownership, and created the new Russian Flag.
  • NEP

    The New Economic Policy was created by Lenin. This kept the government in control of large industries, banks, and foriegn trade. This benefited the Russian economy and helped it become stable once again.
  • Mussolini creates the National Fascist Party

    Mussolini creates the National Fascist Party
    Benito Mussolini was elected to the Italian Parliment and found the National Fascist Party which by the end of the year had 300,000 members.
  • March on Rome

    March on Rome
    Mussolini marched with 20,000 of the National Fascist Party members into Rome and demanded power. King Victor Emmanuel III installed him as Prime Minister.
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    Hitler took a huge army of men and attempted to overthrow the Bavarian government by barging into their meeting and taking the leader hostage and hoping everything would fall into place... This ended with Adolf Hitler in prision.
  • Hitler writes "Mein Kampf"

    Hitler writes "Mein Kampf"
    During his imprisionment hitler wrote "Mein Kampf" which was a book on his views on anti-semitism and imperialism, it eventually became the Nazi bible. It mentioned the "cleansing" Germany of Jews.
  • Five Year Plan

    Five Year Plan
    Stalin imposed his five year plan to modernize Russia's industry. He wanted to improve transportation, build heavy industy, and increase farming output. Stalin transformed Russia intoa command economy, where the government made the basic economic decisions.
  • Collectivization

    The idea brought up and enforced by Stalin in Russia. This was similar to Lenin NEP ideas, but Stalin did not allow small individual farmers to own their own land. Instead all peasants were forced to work together on large farms that were owned by a group of peasants.
  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    Japan was hit hard by the Depression in 1929. Japan looked weak because they could not produce any solutions. They were over populated and in an economic downfall. Manchuria looked like a very good solution because it would give more land to their people and had many natural resources to boost the economy. Japan decided to invade Manchuria and by the end of 1931, Japan had complete control of the porvidence.
  • Nazi victory

    Nazi victory
    In the Reichstag election the Nazi party went from winning 2.6% of the votes in 1928, to 37.3% in 1932 making the Nazi party the winner by majority.
  • Mussolini invades Ethipoia

    Mussolini invades Ethipoia
    Mussolini gave critical military support to Spanish nationalists during the Spanish Civil War. in 1936 italy sent 50,000 troops, artillery, airplanes, and other war material for support.
  • Great Purge

    Great Purge
    The Great Purge was created by Stalin to get rid of all the threats to his power. This campaign of terror consisted of as many as 8 million predicted death of anyone comitting "crimes against the Soviet State." In 1939, when the Great Purge ended, Stalin had complete control over the Soviet government and the Communist Party.
  • Battle at Shanghai

    Battle at Shanghai
    This battle in Shanghai was surprisingly difficult for the Japanese. China's forces were expected to lose an easy battle to Japan. THe Chinese put up a great fight. The fight led into late fall of 1937. This upset the Japan forces. 50k Japanese troops march to Manchuria with the intensions to get revenge.
  • Rape of Nanjing

    Rape of Nanjing
    Japan army marched into China's capital and for 6 weeks murdered the Chinese. Japan murder half of the 600k civilians and soldiers in Nanjing.
  • Anschluss Austria

    Anschluss Austria
    Hitler began to expand Germany's population and cleansing it of jews. He ordered a union with Austria (Anschluss) and making them a providence of Germany.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    Hitler pursuaded English Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Premier Edward Daldier to allow Germany to incorperate nearly 3 million germans living in Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    Nazi-Soviet Pact
    This nonaggresion pact was a stunning decision between the two forces. The two nations secretly agreed on not fighting if the other went to war and divide Poland and Eastern Europe between the two, They both had benefited from the pact in ways that were absolutely necessary for their nation.
  • Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis

    Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis
    Germany, Italy, and Japan created a pact to fight Soviet communism. These three anti-democratic powers agreed not to interfere with plans to take over other territories. This pact gave each country more confidence to take bigger moves in taking over other nations.