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Reform Movements of the 1800's

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    Improving Education

    Another reform in the 1800's was The Reform of Education. This person that lead this reform was Horace Mann. Most common children didn't attend school. If they did, they only attended for a short amount of time. Mostly weathly white boys got educated. Meanwhile, Horace Mann became Massachusetts supervisor of education. He was a supporter of public education and he convinced citizens to pay higher taxes to improve schools.
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    The Second Great Awkining

    The Second Great Awakining was a revival of religious feelings. Before The Second Great Awakining, Christian Ministers said that God had decided who would be saved. Now, preachers told everyone that they could gain forgiveness for their sins. This gave men and woman a reason to improve society.
  • Fighting Slavery

    Fighting Slavery
    Although slavery ended in the north in the early 1800's, slavery was still happening in the south. While most Northerners where against slavery, they still benefitted. The south produced cheap cotton and the north bought it. However, many people spoke out against slavery such as Fredrick Douglass who spoke of the horrifying images of slavery. By not listed (Picture History) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • The Struggle for Womens Rights Begins

    The Struggle for Womens Rights Begins
    The movement began when Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton met at a anti slavery convention and were outraged that women were not able to speak at the event. They became good friends and started to fight for womens rights. By Joseph Kyle (1815 - 1863) (Details of artist on Google Art Project) (Google Art Project: Home - pic) [Public domain or Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Reform of the Treatment of the Mentally Ill

    Reform of the Treatment of the Mentally Ill
    In 1841, a woman named Dorthea Dix visited a jail. Dix was horrified to see the inmates locked in chains and cages. Some of these prisoners were mentally ill or children. See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Legislatures Create Public Asylums

    Legislatures Create Public Asylums
    For two years, Dix quietly gathered information about jail conditions and the treatment of the mentally ill. Then, she created a detailed report and delivered it to the Massachusetts government. Shocked by Dix's report, the lawmakers decided to create public asylums for the mentally ill. By the time Dix died in 1887, most states had special mental hospitals. By engraving: unknown; file: James Steakley [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    On July 19,1848, 300 people including 40 men arrived at the Seneca Falls Convenion. There, they composed the proposal for womens rights called The Declaration of Sentiments. This Declaration was based off the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Sentiments argued that women should have the same rights as men.
  • Education in 1850

    Education in 1850
    By 1850 many states had public education. Only white children could attend.
  • Dorthea Dix Dies

    Dorthea Dix Dies
    By the time Dix died in 1887, most states had outlawed cruel punishment to people with mental disabilities.