Quaternary Period by Katie Endress & Emily Goodwin

Timeline created by kt27
  • Period: to

    Quaternary Period

    The Quaternary period is the most recent. There has been about thirty ice ages, however when there aren't any the climate is fairly warm. This is when Homo Sapiens evolved along with many other mammals. Mammals began to grow very large.
  • Period: to


    This is the first epoch of the Quaternary Period. It is much longer than the Holocene.
  • Yellowstone Super Erruption

    Yellowstone Super Erruption
    Island Park CalderaThe Yellowstone supervolcano errupted and formed a large caldera in Idaho and Wyoming called the Island Park Caldera.
  • Scorpius-Centaurus Association Passes Near Earth

    Scorpius-Centaurus Association Passes Near Earth
    Pliocene EventsA supernovae called the Scorpius-Centaurus Association passed within 150 lightyears of earth. A stellar association this close to earth could have damaged earth's ozone layer and caused an extinction of ocean life.
  • Mammoths Enter North America

    Mammoths Enter North America
    At about this time mammoths came into North America. They walked across the Bering Strait from Eurasia when the sea level was much lower than it is today.
  • Cycle of Ice Ages begin

    Cycle of Ice Ages begin
    National Geographic
    At this time a shift in the Earth's orbit caused the pattern of ice ages to begin.
  • Humans evolve

    Humans evolve
    National Geographic
    This is when humans evolved in Africa.
  • Neanderthals Begin to Evolve

    Neanderthals Begin to Evolve
    The first proto-Neanderthal traits are found in Europe.
  • Wisconsin Glaciation Began

    Wisconsin Glaciation Began
    Wisconsin Glaciation
    The Wisconsin Glaciation began 75,000 years ago. This ice sheet is what made Nova Scotia.
  • Extinction in Australia

    Extinction in Australia
    Extinction in Australia
    Between now and 24 thousand years ago there was a major extinction in Australia.
  • Humans begin to migrate

    Humans begin to migrate
    At this point, humans start to migrate out of Africa.
  • Giant Wombat

    Giant Wombat
    Giant Wombat
    The Giant Wombat, also called the Diprotodon, lived in Australia until about 40,000 years ago. It was the size of a hippopotamus; 10 feet long and 6 and a half feet tall.
  • Saber Toothed Cat Goes Extinct

    Saber Toothed Cat Goes Extinct
    Saber Toothed Cat
    The Saber Toothed Cat lived during the last ice age in many parts of the world including the United States. It was about the size of a lion and had two extremely large teeth in the front of its mouth.
  • Land Bridge Appears

    Land Bridge Appears
    Sea levels dropped, creating a land bridge to form between Asia and North America. This made it possible for people to move to North America.
  • Younger Dryas

    Younger Dryas
    Younger Dryas
    The Younger Dryas was a relatively short period of cold climate. It lasted about 1,300 years just before the Holocene period began.
  • Last Ice Age Ended

    Last Ice Age Ended
    National Geographic
    This caused sea levels to rise, the climate to warm, and many animals to go extinct.
  • Global Climate Change

    Global Climate Change
    Climate change due to human activity begins to raise earth's temperatures.
  • Dire Wolf

    Dire Wolf
    Dire Wolf
    The Dire Wolf, also known as the Canis Dirus, that was most common in North and South America. It is closely related to the grey wolf and lived for about 1.8 million years.
  • Period: to

    Holocene Epoch

    The second epoch in the Quaternary period. We live in the Holocene epoch.
  • Pleistocene Extinction

    Pleistocene Extinction
    Late Pleistocene Extinction
    At this time many animals went extinct across much of North America. Most of the animals were larger than one hundred pounds. Because of this extinction few large mammals live in North America.
  • Wooly Rhinoceros

    Wooly Rhinoceros
    Wooly Rhinoceros
    The Wooly Rhinoceros survived after the last ice age and went extinct with other types of megafauna. Some of the causes are thought to be human hunting, a climate change, or some disease.
  • Extreme Weather Events

    Extreme Weather Events
    A sharp drop in temperature in the northern hemisphere caused crop failures. Dendochronologists have also found abnormally low levels of tree growth from around this time. The cause of such a sharp drop in temperatures is thought to be because of atmospheric dust, possibly caused by a volcanic erruption or meteorite crashing into earth.