Punic Wars Timelines

  • Signed a treaty 279 BC

    Signed a treaty 279 BC
    Rome and Carthage signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, whom posed a threat to both of them.
  • First Punic War Begins 264 BC

    First Punic War Begins 264 BC
    The Appease Clodus Codex crossed over into Sicily and the First Punic War began.
  • Rome won the alliance 263 BC

     Rome won the alliance 263 BC
    Rome won the alliance of the town Hieron in north-east Sicily. The offensive was led by Claudius and Marcus Valerius Messalla.
  • Romans won further 262 BC

    Romans won further 262 BC
    The Romans won further in 262 BC with the towns of Segesta and Agrigentum. Agrigentum won after a long and costly siege. The Carthaginians fought fiercely at every stop. Rome decided that victory could only be achieved by controlling all of Sicily.
  • Romans were inexperienced 260 BC

    Romans were inexperienced 260 BC
    Romans were inexperienced at naval warfar, they were defeated in the Lipara Islands. Battle of Mylae the Romans gained a victory by outfitting their ships with hinged planks, that allowed them to make use of their excellent infanry in naval engagements.
  • Naval Battle of Cape Economus 256 BC

    Naval Battle of Cape Economus 256 BC
    Roman force lead by M.Atilius Regulus and L.Manlius defeat Carthaginians lead by Hamilcar Barca. Roman army invades Africa.
  • Battle of Tunes 255 BC

    Romans in Africa defeated
  • Carthaginian Army returns to Sicily 254 BC

     Carthaginian Army returns to Sicily 254 BC
    Carthaginian Army returns to Sicily
  • Battle of Panormus 251 BC

    Battle of Panormus 251 BC
    Roman victory
  • Battle of Drepanum 249 BC

    Carthaginian victory on land and sea
  • Roman continues to attack 247-242 BC

    Roman continues to attack 247-242 BC
    Romans continue attacks on Sicily.
  • Captured by Romans 242 BC

    Captured by Romans 242 BC
    Lilybaeum and Drepanum were captured by the Romans.
  • Battle of Aegates Islands and First Punic War ends 241 BC

    Battle of Aegates Islands and First Punic War ends 241 BC
    Carthaginian fleet defeatedand the peace treaty forces Carthage to give up Sicily and to pay retribution money to Rome.The First Punic War ends.
  • The end of the First Punic War 241 BC

    Carthage agreed to pay a steep tribute, but it wasn't enough to the nation of traders and merchants. Rome and Carthage would fight again.
  • Carthage and Rome 241 BC

    Carthage agreed to pay a steep tribute to Rome, but it wasn't enough for the nation of traders and merchants. A second war would soon begin between Carthage and Rome.
  • The spark of the Second Punic War 219 BC

    The spark of the Second Punic War 219 BC
    Hannibal lays siege to the Spanish city of Saguntum. The city was a greek colony allied to Rome and this sparks the Second Punic War. Legions are sent to deal with Hannibal, but the Carthaginians escape.
  • The Second Punic War 218 BC

    The Second Punic War 218 BC
    The Second Punic War broke out in 218 when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally. Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but he was full of surprises.
  • Battle of Ticinus and Battle of Trebia 218 BC

    Battle of Ticinus and Battle of Trebia 218 BC
    Hannibal leads an army into Italy. He brought 34 elephants with him, but only 7 survived the journey. In November was the Battle of Ticinus, where Romans lead by consul Scipio defeated. In December was the Battle of Trebia, where Hannibal defeats Ti.Sempronius Longus and his Romans.
  • Battle of Lake Trasimene and Battle of Geranium 217 BC

    Battle of Lake Trasimene and Battle of Geranium 217 BC
    In April was the Battle of Lake Trasimene, Carthaginians soundly beat the army of consul. In Summer was the Battle of Geranium, it was a draw.
  • Battle of Cannae and Battle of Nola 216 BC

    In August was the Battle of Cannae, although being vastly superoior in numbers, the Romans under C. Terentius Varro suffer a terrible defeat. Roman city of Capua defects.
    Battle of Nola- Hannibal repulsed.
  • Second Battle of Nola 215 BC

    Second Battle of Nola. Hannibal was pushed back again.
  • First Macedonian War began 215-205 BC

    First Macedonian War began 215-205 BC
    Macedonia becomes allied with Carthage. The First Macedonian War begins.
  • Third Battle of Nola 214 BC

    Results in a stalemate.
  • Hannibal takes Tarentum 212 BC

    Hannibal takes Tarentum 212 BC
    Hannibal takes Tarentum, the largest port in Italy. Capua is put under siege by the Romans. At the battles of Capua and Herdonia the Paetorian amries are defeated.
  • Carthaginian forces defeat two Roman armies 211 BC

    Carthaginian forces defeat two Roman armies 211 BC
    Carthaginian forces defeat two Roman armies, and gaining control of all of Spain south of the Ebro. Hanibal marches on Rome without much effect. In Italy, Capua is retaken by the Romans.
  • Battle of Herdonia 210 BC

    Battle of Herdonia 210 BC
    In the Battle of Herdonia, Hannibal destroys two Roman consular armies. At the Battle of Numistro the Romans are defeated again.
  • Scipio Africanus captures new Carthage 209 BC

    Scipio Africanus captures new Carthage 209 BC
    In Spain, Scipio Africanus captures new Carthage. Roman forces under M.Claudius Marcellus are defeated by Hannibal. Raerntum is retaken by Rome.
  • Battle of Baecula

    Battle of Baecula
    Hasdrubal Barca is defeated by Scipio at the battle of Baecula.
  • Romans defeat Hasdrubal's army

    Romans defeat Hasdrubal's army
    Hasdrubal Barca crosses the Alps into Italy and Hannibal marches north to meet him. Before they could join, Hasdrubal's army is stoppped at the Metaurus River and is defeated by the romans. Hasdrubal is killed and Hannibal flees south again.
  • Battle of Ilipa 206 BC

    Battle of Ilipa 206 BC
    In the Battle of Ilipa, Scipio Africanus defeats the Carthaginians.
  • Battle of the Great Plains 203 BC

    Battle of the Great Plains 203 BC
    In the Battle of the Great Plains, two Carthaginian armies under Syphax and Hasdrubal Gisgo were defeated. Hannibal manages to sneak his army out of Italy and arrives to the defend of Carthage.
  • Battle of Zama 202 BC

    Battle of Zama 202 BC
    In the Battle of Zama, after a failed elephant charge, Hannibal's army is completely defeated. Carthage surrenders. Rome requires the Carthaginians to give up Spain, the islands, North Africa, her navy, and her army. Scipio finally defeated Hannibal, at the Battle of Zama.
  • End of Second Punic War 201 BC

    End of Second Punic War 201 BC
    A treaty was signed. Carthage had to surrender her navy, all territorial claims in Spain, and had to pay reparations in the amount of 10,000 talents over 50 years. It was the end of the Second Punic War.
  • After the end of the Second Punic War 201 BC

    At the end of the Second Punic War, Carthage no longer had her empire, but she was still a shrewd trading nation. By the middle of the second century, Carthage was thriving and it was hurting the trade of those Romans who had investments in North Africa.
  • Third Punic War 149 BC

    Third Punic War 149 BC
    The Third Punic War was the last of the punic wars. It was between Carthage and the Roman Republic.
  • Carthage broke treaty

    Carthage broke treaty
    Rome declared war because Carthage had broken the treaty.
  • The war was drawn out for three years

    Carthage didn't stand a chance, but the war was drawn out for three years.
  • Defeated the citizens

    Eventually a descendant of Scipio Africanus, Scipio Aemilianus, defeated the starved citizens of the besieged city of Carthage.
  • Romans razed and burned the city

    After killing or selling all the inhabitants into slavery, the Romans razed and burned the city. No one was allowed to live there.
  • End of the Third Punic War 146 BC

    The Third Punic War ended in 146 BC