Programming languages

Programming Languages

  • Plankalkul

    Developed by Konrad Zuse, Plankalkul's main use is for engineering purposes. The name derives from the German term "kalkul" which stands for a formal system; the name altogether refers to a formal system for planning.
  • Fortran

    Fortran was developed by John Backus from IBM for scientific and engineering applications. Fortran is the basis for many other popular languages, such as BASIC. Fortran stands for Formula Translator.

    MATH-MATIC was developed for use in the early computer UNIVAC by a team of people from Remington Rand, including Charles Katz and Grace Hopper. The name derives from the similar early programming language FLOW-MATIC, but MATH-MATIC allows for numeric exponents.
  • Lisp

    Lisp is one of the oldest high-level programming languages, and it was developed as a mathematical notation for computer programs. The name derives from "List Processor" and it was designed by John McCarthy.

    COBOL, standing for "common business-oriented language," was developed by a group of programmers from COBASYL. It was made under contract of the Department of Defense to create a portable programming language for data processing.
  • RPG

    Developed by IBM, RPG is an acronym for Report Program Generator. RPG was created for the main purpose of creating reports from transactional data.

    BASIC stands for Beginners' All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code and was developed by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz. It was created to allow students outside of STEM majors to use computers.
  • LOGO

    The name "Logo" derives from the Greek word logos, meaning thought. Logo was developed by Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert, and Cynthia Solomon as an educational programming language. Logo is an adaptation of Lisp.
  • B

    Created by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs. Designed for system and language software. Possibly named after the language it's derived from, BCPL.

    PASCAL was created by Niklaus Wirth to be a programming language that encourages good programming practices. It was named after French mathematician Blaise Pascal.
  • C

    C was designed by Dennis Ritchie to construct utilities running on Unix. C is one of the most popular languages and its name derives from the precursor language B.
  • ML

    An acronym for "Meta Language," ML was developed by Robin Milner from University of Edinburgh. ML was created to be a general-purpose functional programming language.
  • SQL

    Designed by Donald Chamberlin and Raymond Boyce, the main purpose of SQL is to manage structured data. SQL stands for "Structured Query Language."
  • ADA

    Created by Jean Ichbiah under contract of the Department of Defense. DoD wanted a language to take the place of the 450 languages previously used. Named after Ava Byron, the "Mother of the Computer."
  • Delphi

    Delphi was produced as a rapid application development tool for Windows and is a compiler of the Object Pascal programming language. It was developed by the companies Borland, CodeGear, and Embarcadero.
  • C++

    Designed by Bjarne Stroustrup as a extension of C, C++ allows for increased performed, efficiency, and flexibility. C++ is also known as "C with Classes."
  • Python

    Python was developed by Guido van Rossum as a successor to the ABC programming language. Python is currently one of the most popular programming languages due to its general-purpose use. The name comes from the British comedy group Monty Python.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic
    Developed by Microsoft, Visual Basic was made to be easy to learn and use. The name comes from the language it was derived from, BASIC.
  • Java

    Java was created by James Gosling as a main component of the company Sun Microsystem's Java platform, which is where the name is derived from. Java is one of the most popular programming languages.
  • JavaScript

    A high-level programming language developed by Brendan Eich for enabling interactive web pages. Despite being fundamentally different than Java, both languages were produced by the same company, Sun Microsystems, and JavaScript used the already popular language as a marketing ploy.
  • PHP

    PHP was developed by Rasmus Lerdorf for the main purpose of web development. Originally, the name PHP stood for "personal home page," but it now stands for the self-referring acronym "PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor."