Programming Language Timeline

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  • Plankalkul

    Created by Konrad Zuse.
    Designed for engineering purposes.
  • Fortran

    Developed by IBM.
    Designed specifically for numerical/scientific computing.
    Created by John Backus.

    Created to replace FORTRAN.
    Developed by Charles Katz.
  • Lisp

    A group of progrmming languages.
    Created by John McCarthy and Steve Russel.
    Designed as a practical mathmatical notation.

    One of the oldest programming languages.
    Developed primarily by Grace Hopper.
  • RPG

    Developed by IBM.
    Stands for Report Program Generator.
    Created for business applications.

    Created by John George Kemeny and Thomas Eugene Kurtz.
    Acronym: Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
    Created so non-science students could use computers easially.
  • LOGO

    Adaptation of Lisp.
    Designed to drive a mechanical turtle.
    Created by Wally Feurzeig, Seymour Papert.
  • B

    Extinct programming language.
    Developed by Bell Labs.
    Mostly the work of Ken Thompson.
    Superceded by the C language.

    Created by Niklaus Wirth.
    Designed to be an efficant language to use,
  • C

    Created by Dennis Ritchie.
    Created to improve upon the B language, adapted the ablility to cross-platform and be used on a PDB-11 (an old computer.)
  • ML

    Created by Robin Milner.
    ML stands for metalanguage.
    Designed to develop proof tactics in the LCF theorem prover.
  • SQL

    Stands for Structured Query Language.
    Designed for managing data in relational database management systems.

    Created by Donald Chamberlin.
  • ADA

    Named after Ada Lovelace.
    Created to replace the hundreds of programming languages the Department of Defence used.
  • C++

    Created by Bjarne Stroustrup.
    Enhanced C language.
    Can be used for hardware design.
  • Delphi

    Created by Larry Tesler.
    Developed by Apple Computers.
    Created to support MacApp.
  • Python

    Created by Guido van Rossum.
    Designed for code readability.
  • Visual Basic

    Designed to be relatively easy to learn and use.
    Created by Microsoft.
  • Java

    Created as a general purpose language.
    Developed by James Gosling and Sun Microsystems.
  • PHP

    Created by Rasmus Lerdorf.
    Originally stood for Personal Home Page, now it is said to stand for Hypertext Preprocessor.
  • Javascript

    Created to enhance web interface.
    First appeared in 1994.
    Developed by Brendan Eich.