Process of Incorporation Timeline

  • Chicago, Burlington, & Quincey Railroad Co. v. City of Chicago

    Chicago, Burlington, & Quincey Railroad Co. v. City of Chicago
    The city of Chicago wanted to build over private property, owned by other companies. In order to have it, they had the land condemned. However, they were given compensation, so no amendments were violated and the supreme court did not rule in their favor.
  • Gitlow v. New York

    Gitlow v. New York
    Gitlow was arrested for distributing 'left wing manifesto'. Ultimately it was decided that there wasn't enough sufficient imminence that would cause for punishing the speech.
  • Near v. Minnesota

    Near v. Minnesota
    Newspaper writers accused local officials of having gang affiliations. The officials took it to court, saying that it was slandering and defamation. The courts ruled in favor of the freedom of the press.
  • DeJonge v. Oregon

    DeJonge v. Oregon
    DeJonge was arrested during a communist meeting, and sentenced to 7 years as a result. When brought to the attention by the supreme court, it was ruled that it was unconstitutional to disrupt a peaceful assembly, by the words of the 14th amendment.
  • Cantwell v. Connecticut

    Cantwell v. Connecticut
    Cantwell and his boys, who were Jehovah's Witnesses, were arrested while going door to door. During the hearing, it was decided that while this was infact offensive to many, it was protected religious speech, and did not violate any amendments.
  • Everson v. Board of Education of the Township of Ewing

    Everson v. Board of Education of the Township of Ewing
    Supreme Court case against the board of education of Ewing on a lawsuit that had been filed on claims of using taxpayer money for indirect aid of religious schools. This went against this first amendment and the New Jersey Constitution.
  • In re Oliver

    In re Oliver
    Oliver was summoned to a grand jury, where he was later convicted of contempt of court and sentenced to 60 days in jail, he later got an attorney and filed a habeas corpus, where the rulings were later overturned by the supreme court.
  • Mapp v. Ohio

    Mapp v. Ohio
    A supreme court case resulting from police suspecting Mapp of having a bomb suspect of her home. She declined to let them in, and they came back with a search warrant. While they found no bomber, they found pornographic material, and proceeded to arrest her for it. The verdict of this entire situation was that it DID go against the 4th amendment to illegally obtain evidence.
  • Robinson v. California

    Robinson v. California
    Under California statute, Robinson was convicted under being addicted to narcotics, where he sought out further review of his conviction by the supreme court. In return, the supreme court ruled in his favor, saying that a person with narcotic addiction violated the 8th and 14th amendments.
  • Ker v. California

    Ker v. California
    A supreme court case on the claims that a couple had been arrested on an illegal search and seize for being in possession of marijuana. This would go against the 4th amendment. It was decided that this search and seizure was infact reasonable.
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 black students were convicted of breach of peace for peacefully assembling at the South Carolina State Government. They contended there was an absence of evidence, and the supreme court ruled in their favor.
  • Gideon v. Wainwright

    Gideon v. Wainwright
    Gideon was a drifter, accused of theft, and then not given the right to an attorney, which is a violation of due process. As a result, the supreme court ruled in his favor, that he was forced to represent himself without any knowledge of law matters and not given the chance to have an attorney when he could not afford it.
  • Malloy v. Hogan

    Malloy v. Hogan
    William Malloy was arrested during a gambling raid. During the conviction process, where he filed a habeas corpus on the counts of self-incrimination, in result, the supreme court ruled in his favor that self-incrimination goes against the 14th amendment.
  • Pointer v. Texas

    Pointer v. Texas
    Pointer was arrested for theft, and evidence was used at a time when he hadn't had council. This resulted in the supreme court ruling for him when he claimed his 6th amendment had been violated.
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda v. Arizona
    4 different cases concerning men being subjected to interrogation techniques without being aware of their 5th amendment rights. This resulted in the supreme court ruling in their favor, because they have rights to be silent and obtain an attorney.
  • Washington v. Texas

    Washington v. Texas
    Washington was convicted for a murder, but claimed she had not committed it and a man who had been convicted of the same murder would testify, but it was not allowed. This was supposedly a violation of the 6th amendment, and the supreme court agreed that this was a violation of due process.
  • Klopfer v. North Carolina

    Klopfer v. North Carolina
    Klopfer was accused of criminal trespass when demonstrating at a civil rights demonstration in a restaurant. The jury could not reach a verdict, the state continued to suspend the case, which Klopfer claimed violated his right to a speedy trial, via the 6th amendment. This resulted in a unanimous decision in favor of Klopfer.
  • Duncan v. Louisiana

    Duncan v. Louisiana
    Duncan, who is a black teen, was charged with assaulting a white teen. He was denied a jury. The supreme court ruled in his favor, as he had been denied a jury during his trial.
  • Benton v. Maryland

    Benton v. Maryland
    Benton was convicted twice, where as the first time he was acquitted for the larceny charge, he was found guilty the second time. He claimed this amounted to a double jeopardy, which went against the 5th amendment. The supreme court ruled in favor of Benton, saying that this did go against the 5th amendment.
  • Schilb v. Kuebel

    Schilb v. Kuebel
    Schilb was arrested, but was acquitted on one of the charged, because of this, some of his bail was dropped, as he only had to pay a fine, some of the bail had not been refunded. This resulted in the supreme court ruling against him, saying that it did not violate equal protection requirements.
  • Rabe v. Washington

    Rabe v. Washington
    Man was convicted of violating Washington's obscenity statute by showing a sexually frank movie at a drive-in theatre. It was decided that a state could not punish the showing of a motion picture when the location was not clearly expressed as a vital part of the offense.
  • Argersinger v. Hamlin

    Argersinger v. Hamlin
    Argersinger was charged with carrying a concealed weapon, and was given the maximum penalty for a misdemeanor, but had not been represented in court at that time. This resulted in a unanimous decision in favor of Argersinger because he had not been represented in court.
  • McDonald v. Chicago

    McDonald v. Chicago
    Several lawsuits were filed against Chicago on their gun laws, stating that it had violated the second amendment. The supreme court ruled that the second amendment had been violated, and the second amendment applied to states as well.
  • Timbs v. Indiana

    Timbs v. Indiana
    Supreme court case involving seizing a car used to transport and sell heroin. However the car was worth $42,000, while $10,000 is the maximum one can charge in a drug charge, which violates the 8th amendment. The Indiana supreme court overturned it, when appealed to the US supreme court, they remanded it back to the Indiana supreme court.