The presidential seal

presidents of era 1860-1920

  • James Buchanan

    James Buchanan
    Buchanan condemned both free trade and prohibitive tariffs. Buchana considered the essence of good self government to be found on restrant. Buchanan was irked that abolititonists were preventing the solution to the slavery problem.
  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation on september 22, 1862 and put into effect on january 1, 1863 it declared all slaves free.
  • Andrew Johnson

    Andrew Johnson
    He was inpeanched from office. He vetood more bills then any previous presanet. He belived to keep the power out of the wealthy hands
  • Ulysses S. Grant

    Ulysses S. Grant
    Grant's personal reputation as president suffered from the contined scandals caused by many appointees and personal associates and for the ruined economy caused by panic of 1873. Grant had multiple opportunities to strengthen the superme court with nomiations
  • Rutherford B. Hayes

    Rutherford B. Hayes
    hayes had been a firm supporter of republican recontruction policies throgthout his political career. even without the conditions of the wormley's hotal agreement hayes would have been hard pressed to contine the policies of his predecesors . Hayes's later attempts to protect the rigths of southern blacks were ineffective as were his attempts to rebuild repubilcan strengthin the south
  • James A. garfield

    James A. garfield
    President Garfield had a mere four months to establish his presidency before he was shot by charles J. Guiteau. Garield lived for 80 days after he was shot, but was unable to govern. Garfield's persistent call for civil service reform,however, was fulfilled with passage of the primary motivation for the feform bill's passage
  • Chester A. Arthur

    Chester A. Arthur
    Arthur signed the pendleton civil service reform acting law on january 16,1883. Arthur mostly agreed with his party and in 1882 called for the abolitilion of excise taxes on everything except liquor as well as a improvements and reduce excise taxes.
  • Grover Cleveland

    Grover Cleveland
  • Benjamin Harrison

    Benjamin Harrison
    Civil service reform was an important part of President Harrison's agenda. He was responsible for creating the Dependent and Disability Pension Act in 1890. He also signed the Sherman Antitrust Act into law.
  • William McKinley

    William McKinley
    he wanted no wars of conquest.McKinley did not want to go to war with spain, but after the U.S.S. Maine was sunk he had no chocie.McKinley expanded the nation's hope to increase trade in China.
  • Theodore Roosevelt

    Theodore Roosevelt
    President Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for ending the Russo-Japanese War. He was a leader in civil service reform. President Roosevelt was and still is the youngest president.
  • William Howard Taft

    William Howard Taft
  • Woodrow Wilson

    Woodrow Wilson
  • Warren G. Harding

    Warren G. Harding
  • Calvin Coolidge

    Calvin Coolidge