Presidential Timeline

  • William McKinley (Republican)

    President William McKinley was elected into office, vice president was Gamet Hobart.
  • Period: to

    Presidents in History

  • Dinlgey Tariff Law

    Raised custom duties 57%, this was on linens, wool, China, and sugar.
  • Spanish-American

    McKinley lead the nation to victory on August 25th, 1898; this helped to free Cuba. The war lasted from April 25th- August 25th, 1898.
  • Erdman Arbitration Act

    Prohibited interstate carriers from discriminating against union laborers.
  • Got shot.

    Was shot at 4:07 p.m. by Leon Czolgosz with a .32 caliber Iver-Johnson revolver.
  • Death.

    McKinley is Assassinated by Leon Czolgosz. Died of his wounds.
  • Theodore Roosevelt (Republican)

    Was the vice president in 1900 of William McKinley. Was put into office in 1901 after McKinley's death.
  • Sworn in as President

    Theordore Roosevelt was 42 when sworn in; this made him the youngest president at the time.
  • Panama Canal Act

    Passed to provide for the construction of the canal.
  • Elected into his own term.

    The first Vice-President to be elected into presidency, along with this he had the largest winning percentage.
  • Forest Homestead Act

    Allowed people to settle on land primarily suited for agriculture.
  • William Taft (Republican)

    Was elected into office. James Sherman was his Vice-President.
  • Mann-Elkins Act

    Empowered interstate commerce commision to suspend railroad rates and set rates.
  • Postal Savings Bank Act

    This allowed one bank in each state, under federal supervision, to give two percent interest on accounts under $500.
  • Battleships.

    U.S. battleships are sent to Nicaragua to protect American economic interests and rail lines.
  • U.S. Marines.

    U.S. Marines are sent to restore order in Santo Domingo.
  • Woodrow Wilson (Democrat)

    Beat out William Taft and Theodore Roosevelt. Wilson wins the electoral college with 435 votes to TR's 88 and Taft's 8. His Vice-President is Thomas Marshall.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    This established 12 regional reserve banks.
  • Mother's Day

    Congress establishes Mother's Day as the second Sunday in May.
  • Great War.

    Germany launches war on Belgium, France, and Great Britain. The United States declares its official neutrality as the Great War begins.
  • Clayton Anti-trust Act

    Endeared for labor/ farmers not protected under the Sherman Anti-trust Act.
  • Warren G. Harding (Repubican)

    Elected into office, his Vice-President is Calvin Coolidge.
  • Emergency Quota Act

    Limited the number of immigrants from any country to 3%.
  • Budget and Accounting Act

    Gave the president control over the Executive Branch.
  • Death by Pneumonia

    Died with his wife by his side in a Hotel room in San Francisco.
  • Calvin Coolidge (Republican)

    Sworn into office at 2:30 in the morning after Harding's death. His Vice-President was Charles Dawes.
  • Revenue Act

    The Act reduces income taxes as well as other duties.
  • Great War Debt.

    France and the United States sign an agreement that eventually cancels sixty percent of the French debt from the Great War.
  • Revolt in Nicaragua

    The U.S. Marines land in Nicaragua to quiet a revolt. America military forces will maintain a presence in Nicaragua until 1933.
  • Air Commerce Act

    This act gave the Commerce Department regulatory powers over sectors of the aviation industry, such as the licensing of pilots and aircrafts.
  • Herbert Hoover (Republican)

    Elected into office, vice president is Charles Curtis.
  • Agricultural Marketing Act

    The act creates the Federal Farm Board, designed to promote the sale of agricultural products through cooperatives and stabilization corporations.
  • Naval Treaty Signed

    The London Naval Treaty is signed by the United States, Britain, and Japan.
  • Veterans Administration Act

    The act consolidates all existing federal agencies handling benefits for former servicemen into a single department.
  • The Bank of the US closes.

    It is merely the largest of the more than 1300 bank closings across the country as the economic depression worsens.
  • Franklin D Roosevelt (Democrat)

    Elected into office, vice president is John Garner.
  • National Labor Board Established.

    The NLB is created to enforce the right of organized labor to bargain collectively.
  • Home Owners Loan Act

    FDR signs the Home Owners Loan Act, a bill designed to promote home construction
  • Social Security Act

    The act guarantees pensions to Americans over the age of 65, establishes a system of unemployment insurance.
  • Harry Truman (Democrat)

    Elected into office, vice president is Alben Barkley
  • Dies

    Franklin D. Roosevelt dies following a massive cerebral hemorrhage.
  • Bombing of Hiroshima

    The United States drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
  • Employment Act

    Truman signs the Employment Act.
  • Housing Act

    Truman signs the Housing Act, establishing a national housing agency and providing federal aid to slum clearance programs and low-cost housing projects
  • Hydrogen Bomb

    The United States detonates the first hydrogen bomb.
  • Dwight Eisenhower (Republican)

    Elected as President, vice president is Richard Nixon,
  • Sumberged Lands Act

    Eisenhower signs the Submerged Lands Act
  • Eisenhiwer Appoints Chief Justice

    Eisenhower appoints Earl Warren chief justice of the Supreme Court
  • Heart Attack

    Eisenhower suffers a "moderate" heart attack in Denver, Colorado.
  • Social Security Act.

    Eisenhower signs the Social Security Act, permitting women to retire at age sixty-two and disabled workers at age fifty.
  • John F Kennedy (Democrat)

    Elected President, vice president was Lyndon B Johnson
  • Housing Act

    Provided federal funds for construction in urbal areas.
  • Peace Corps

    Established to aid developing nations around the world.
  • Limited Test Ban Treaty

    Agreement with Soviets to ban above-ground nuclear testing.
  • Assassination

    JFK is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.
  • Lyndon B Johnson (Democrat)

    Sworn in as President after JFK's assassination. Vice president is Hubert Humphrey.
  • Twenty-Fourth Amendment

    The Twenty-Fourth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, abolishing poll taxes.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Johnson signs The Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • Economic Opportunity Act

    Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, creating the Office of Economic Opportunity and beginning the War on Poverty.
  • Troops Sent to the Dominican Republic

    Johnson sends U.S. marines to the Dominican Republic to protect U.S. citizens after a military coup.
  • Richard Nixon (Republican)

    Nixon is sworn into office as President, and his vice president was Spiro Agnew.
  • Troop Withdrawal

    Nixon announces a plan to withdraw 25,000 U.S. troops from South Vietnam by August 31.
  • Selective Service Reform Bill

    Nixon signs the Selective Service Reform bill, ensuring that draftees are selected by a lottery system.
  • Postal Reorganization Act

    Nixon approves and signs the Postal Reorganization Act, which establishes an independent United States Postal Service
  • Admits Responsibility for Watergate

    Nixon admits responsibility for the Watergate affair on television, but continues to assert no prior knowledge of it.
  • Gerald Ford (Republican)

    Gerald R. Ford is sworn in as the thirty-eighth President of the United States, vice president was Nelson Rockefeller.
  • Economic Policy Board

    Ford forms the Economic Policy Board, which will oversee all aspects of economic policy.
  • Federal Elections Campaign Act

    Ford signs the Federal Elections Campaign Act of 1974, the most significant attempt at campaign finance reform since the 1920s.
  • Privacy Act

    Ford signs the Privacy Act of 1974, ensuring the right of Americans to individual privacy.
  • Attempted Assassination

    Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme attempts to assassinate President Ford in San Francisco.
  • Jimmy Carter (Democrat)

    Carter is inaugurated the thirty-ninth President of the United States, vice president was Walter Mondale.
  • Taft-Harley Act

    Carter invokes the Taft-Hartley Act to end a strike by coal miners.
  • MX Missle

    Carter approves development of the MX missile.
  • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

    Carter signs the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II) with the USSR.
  • Recession

    Carter announces that the economy is in recession, with the inflation rates hitting ten percent and interest rates climbing to eighteen percent.
  • Ronald Reagan (Republican)

    Inaugurated as President, vice president is George Bush.
  • Reagan Shot

    Reagan is shot in the chest by John Warnock Hinckley Jr.
  • Hostages Released

    Fifty-two American hostages held in Iran since November 1979 are released.
  • Tax Equality & Fiscal Responsibility Act

    Reagan signs the Tax Equity & Fiscal Responsibility Act (TEFRA).
  • Gramm-Rudman Deficit Reduction Bill

    Reagan signs the Gramm-Rudman deficit reduction bill.
  • George Bush Sr. (Republican)

    Inagurated as President, vice president was Dan Quale.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    President Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act, which affects over 43 million Americans and forbids discrimination in employment, public accommodations, and transportation.
  • Immigration Act

    President Bush signs the Immigration Act of 1990, the most extensive revision to immigration law in more than a half century.
  • Persian Gulf War

    The Persian Gulf War, code-named Operation Desert Storm, begins with a massive, American-led air attack on Iraq.
  • Unemployment Rises

    The Labor Department announces that the unemployment rose to 7.1 percent in December 1991, the highest mark in over five years.
  • Bill Clinton (Democrat)

    Inaugurated as President, vice president is Al Gore.
  • Brady Act

    President Clinton signs the Brady Act, which requires a potential handgun purchaser to wait five days while a background check is performed by law enforcement officers
  • American Soldiers Leave Somalia

    The last American marines leave Somalia.
  • Congressional Accountability Act

    President Clinton signs the Congressional Accountability Act, requiring Congress to abide by the same anti-discrimination workplace rules that apply throughout the rest of the country.
  • Missle Strike

    President Clinton orders a cruise missile strike against Iraq after Saddam Hussein leads a siege against the Kurdish city of Irbil in northern Iraq.
  • George Bush Jr. (Republican)

    Inaugurated as President, vice president is Dick Cheney.
  • No Child Left Behind

    President Bush signs a landmark education reform bill into law. Known as the No Child Left Behind Act, it offers local authorities greater flexibility in spending federal dollars, but requires standardized math and reading tests.
  • Columbia Shuttle Explosion

    The seven-member crew of the shuttle Columbia dies in an explosion in space. Debris falls in Texas.
  • Officially at War with Iraq

    The 8:00 p.m. deadline for Hussein to leave Iraq passes. At 10:15 p.m., Bush addresses the nation and informs the American people that the United States is at war with Iraq.
  • Ban on Late-Term Abortion

    Bush signs into law a ban on late-term abortion, the first law to ban an abortion procedure since the Supreme Court’s 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade. The Supreme Court later upholds the ban.
  • Barack Obama (Democrat)

    Inaugurated as President, vice president is Joe Biden.
  • HIRE Act

    HIRE stands for Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment and provides payroll tax breaks and incentives for businesses to hire unemployed workers.
  • War in Iraq Over

    Obama announced that the United States combat mission in Iraq was over.
  • Small Business Jobs Act

    The law authorizes the creation of the Small Business Lending Fund Program administered by the Treasury Department to make capital investments in eligible institutions.
  • Bin Laden Killed

    Obama declares Osama Bin Laden was killed in a firefight with United States forces in Pakistan.