The Romantic Period (Twentieth Century)(1810-1890)

Timeline created by ayedrian_74
In Music
  • The Romantic Period (Twentieth Century) Genres

    Anthem, Aria, Balade (poetic/vocal), Ballade (instrumental), Ballet, Character piece (miniature), Concerto. Etude, Incidental Music, Intermezzo, Landler, Lied, March, Marzuka, Minstrel song, Motet, Music Drama, Nocturne, Opera:
    German romantic opera
    Italian opera seria
    Italian comic opera
    Grand opera
    Opera comique
    Opera bouffe
    French lyric opera
    Italian tragic opera
    Opera semiseria
  • The Romantic Period (Twentieth Century) Genres (cont'd)

    Operetta, Orchestral Lied, Overture, Piano quartet, Piano trio, Prelude, Program symphony, Recitative, Sonata, Song cycle, String quartet, String duet, Symphonic poem (tone poem), Symphony, Tone poem
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    Gustav Mahler

    Austrian Composer; some orchestral works can represent Maximalism; large 10 programmatic symphonies, orchestral lieder; conductor in Europe and the USA
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    Claude Debussy

    French composer and pianist; inventor of musical impressionism; influential modern composer
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    Richard Strauss

    Composer of tone poems and some of the first modern operas; accomplished conductor; works epitomize Maximalism
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    Jean Sibelius

    Finnish; his later music is more modern
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    Erik Satie

    Not an impressionist, but a leader in new French aesthetics on which impressionism was built; incredible innovator
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    Amy Marcy Cheney Beach

    American composer and pianist; very successful in Europe; conservative style; wrote scholarly articles
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    Scott Joplin

    American; popularized ragtime
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    Ralph Vaughan Williams

    Became the leader in English music; collector and editor of folksongs and hymns, musical editor of the English Hymnal; teacher and conductor
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    Aleksander Skryabin

    Influenced by chromaticism and impressionism; complex original harmonic language; virtuoso pianist
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    Sergei Rachmaniov

    Not interested in nationalism; master of melody; virtuoso pianist; toured the USA
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    Charles Ives

    American; probably the most innovative, original, and creative of all 20th century composers; worked virtually in isolation; made a living in insurance
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    Arnold Schoenberg

    The father of 12-tone music; important as an innovator; teacher of Webern and Berg
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    Gustav Holst

    English; influenced by folksong and Hindu mysticism; original composer and important teacher
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    Maurice Ravel

    French Composer; extremely versatile; innovator in pianistic style; expert orchestator
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    Manuel de Falla

    The principal Spanish composer of the 20th century; used Spanish popular and folk music; earned international fame
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    Bela Bartok

    Hungarian composer and pianist; important enthomusicologist; known for his rhythmic music; he incorporated his own native folk music into his compositions
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    Igor Stravinsky

    One of the most versatile and interesting composers of the 20th century; rhythmic style; harmonically interesting
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    Zoltan Kodaly

    Hungarian; ethnomusicoligist, music educator, created moveable 'do' solfege system
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    Anton von Webern

    Student of Schoenberg; known for his musical brevity and clarity of texture; uses pointillism; wrote no operas
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    Alban Berg

    Student of Schoenberg; expressive language; often atonal
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    Nadia Boulanger

    Important teacher of composers in the 20th century; most prominent American composers of the first half of the century studied with her; conductor and composer
  • Maximalism

    A style in which musical elements are pushed to the extreme, mainly used by Mahler and Strauss. The music used was rich in motives and themes; often used in orchestra
  • Impressionism

    Introduced by Claude Debussy. Melodies was an important element of Impressionism, but not required to follow through inception, growth, and resolution. Rhythmic vitality is not an aspect of Impressionism
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    Francis Poulnec

    French composer; delicate and sometimes irreverent style; harmonically charming
  • Expressionism

    Arnold Schoenberg created Expressionism in Germany; this style created 12-note technique; Melodies are optional, harmonies unable to be analyzed, and texture undetermined.
  • London Symphony Orchestra Founded

  • World War I starts

  • World War I ends

  • Stock Market Crash