Period 7

Timeline created by isabella.m.c.q
In History
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    -The Monroe Doctrine was created by President James Monroe to protect the Western Hemisphere against foreign influence​. This was because a lot countries in South America became independent from the rule of European empires, this was a way to prevent the regain of power​. The policy prevented any U.S interference with European affairs, and vice versa. The Monroe Doctrine has had a long-lasting impact on the society
  • Panama Canal

    Panama Canal
  • Lost Generation

    Lost Generation
    This was the generation that was considered lost or disoriented during and after WW1. This term was also used to refer to artists, writers or intellectuals of the 1920s.
  • Period 7

    This time period consists of multiple reforms, wars, and economic depression. There was the foreign involvements, two World Wars, and peace treaties. These series of events will always be important in history because it created the way of how society is now. The Harlem Renaissance was a step forward for African American rights and life. Political reforms and acts passed that are still in use today like the Social Security Act, Jones Act, and Pure Food and Drug Act. Check year 1945.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    Yellow Journalism was one of the factors on the Spanish American war in Cuba and Philippines; this happened because they published that the Spanish were the ones who made the U.S.S Maine ship explode​. This form of exaggerated news was like the carbon to the fire, which was the tension between Spain and the U.S​. Yellow journalism was started by William Randolph and Joseph Pulitzer, this all started as a competition between the two to attract readers with misleading information.
  • Sinking of the Maine

    Sinking of the Maine
    The sinking of the Maine was a historical tragedy that caused the death of 260 officers and men on board. This event is relevant because it pushed the U.S to go to war with Spain, even though it is said that the the ship exploded because of malfunction. This all happened when the ship was entering the Havana Harbour. The responsibility for the believing of the explosion being a Spanish sabotage goes to the press for claiming that it was Spain's fault ​
  • Anti-Imperialist League

    Anti-Imperialist League
    The Anti-Imperialist League was an organization that was created as an opposition towards the war between the U.S and Spain over Cuba. Just in general it was opposing to the U.S extending its imperialism because it is a violation of American morals and republicanism. Unfortunately, the organization was not successful after the Spanish-American war because of the politicians that expansion was necessary.
  • Hawaiian Annexation

    Hawaiian Annexation
    The Annexation of Hawaii was a turning point for the lives of the Americans; it was an extension of territory for the U.S but a misfortune for the Hawaiian's Queen. The primary reason for the annexation of Hawaii was to eliminate the tariff on their sugar that put the island in an economic depression​.The American public favored annexation, which made things harder for Cleveland. At the end, Hawaii was annexed under the signed resolution of President William Mckinley​.
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    The Open Door Policy was an important foreign policy that gave privileges in the trade system, those involved were:
    The U.S, China, Japan, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, France, and Germany.This agreement was created by the U.S to avoid losing access to the trade with China by making this foreign trade agreement as a way for the countries to have "equal trade access to China" but in reality it was mainly to protect themselves and keep trading with them with no competition.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    Pure Food and Drug Act
    This is another act that came during the Progressive Era that acted upon improving the society.This act was passed to prevent food and drugs from being misbranded or adulterated and sold in the interstate market. This act is relevant because it was like a base to the start of the agency of The Food and Drug Administration that was for protection.
  • Meat Inspection Act

    Meat Inspection Act
    This was another act that prohibited the misbranded or adulterated livestock. This was all for the food to be sanitary and safe for the public. Most of these acts were a way to assure the public that the federal government was taking action on the unsafe things of the society like the food.
  • The Jungle

    The Jungle
    Due to this novel written by Upton Sinclair, new food safety laws came about. This novel revealed the contaminated meat in the meat industry. The fact that the novel came on during the Progressive Era, it made this into another reform movement instead of just leaving it be.
  • Scientific Management

    Scientific Management
    This can also be called Taylorism because of the starter of it. This was about manufacturing and the industries. This was the theory that cooperation should be more important than individualism in a working environment, and that instead of scolding the workers they should be praised for what they are doing right. This was a belief that it could increase productivity.
  • NAACP

    NAACP
    This association led the black civil rights struggle in fighting injustices such as the denial of voting rights, racial violence, discrimination in employment, and segregated public facilities. It stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. This association was to eliminate discrimination and racism against everyone.
  • Bull Moose Party

    Bull Moose Party
    This was a republican party that the platform built on Roosevelt's Square Deal domestic program and called for several progressive reforms. the Progressives promised to increase federal regulation and protect the welfare of ordinary people. The Bull Moose Party failed to establish itself as a viable third party
  • 16th Amendment

    16th Amendment
    The income tax would become by far the federal government's largest source of revenue. It was passed because many people believed that an income tax would provide a more stable source of income than tariffs. This amendment has allowed Congress to levy taxes, this response to the 1895 Supreme Court case of Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co.
  • The 17th Amendment

    The 17th Amendment
    The 17th Amendment had a big role on the political and social area by giving the people the right to directly vote for their senators
    That changed the process of the election on how the senators were chosen, like it took the right of the legislative branch of choosing the senators. It also changed the vacancies of the senates that used to last years.This amendment gave the people equal representation and eliminated corruption in politics.
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The red scare was considered a form of fear to communism and its spread. This all led to mistrust and suspicion of everyone in the countries, citizens and officials. It also happened in 1947.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    Arthur Zimmermann sent the telegram to the German ambassador and said that if Germany went to war with the United States, Germany promised to help Mexico recover the territory it had lost , including Texas, New Mexico, California, and Arizona.
  • Selective Service Act

    Selective Service Act
    This was an authorization of letting the federal government to expand the army through conscription making men between the ages of 21-45 to be required for war. This draft was that should it be declared necessary, and maintains no-cost agreements with organizations that offer conscientious objectors alternate forms of service to the nation.
  • Espionage Act

    Espionage Act
    This act was a way to give postal officials the authority to ban newspapers and magazines from the mails and threatened individuals convicted of obstructing the draft with $10,000 fines and 20 years in jail. This was a way for the U.S to avoid having any form of expression that threatens the change of ideas that do not go with the traditional beliefs of the U.S.
  • Sedition Act

    Sedition Act
    This act gave penalties anyone who intervened with the prosecution of the war by making false statements. Or anything that has to do with disrespecting the U.S flag, the army, the Constitution, or the Government. The Republican minority in Congress complained that the Sedition Act violated the First Amendment to the Constitution, which protected freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
  • The 14 points

    The 14 points
    Woodrow Wilson made his Fourteen Points with the goal of preventing future wars. It was not successful because the European powers wand the U.S Senate did not share that idea. They became the basis for German surrender, and the criteria judge the peace treaty.
  • National War Labor Board

     National War Labor Board
    The purpose of preventing strikes that would disrupt production in war industries. In the 1800s, both strikes and the violent tactics used to end them, were common.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Allied Powers had a meeting about Germany and the responsibility for the WW1. This was a peace document and was a document saying everything that Germany had to do and what they had to pay. They had to surrender of all German colonies as League of Nations mandates, return of Alsace-Lorraine to France, Cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia, Poznania, parts of East Prussia and Upper Silesia to Poland.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    This was a time of expression mainly for African Americans were they expressed their feelings, experiences through their art. This was a turning point for the culture of the black people that were oppressed for so long.
  • Volstead Act

    Volstead Act
    This act was to enforce the 18th Amendment which had to do with the production, manufacturing, transportation, and sale of alcohol. It was not successful due to the fact that the 18th amendment increased crime and the selling of alcohol, and corruption of officials; the 18th amendment was later then repealed.
  • League of Nations

    League of Nations
    The League of Nations were an organization that required an international cooperations from the countries involved. This was a way to prevent any conflicts or disputes. The structure was that it required a unanimous vote of nine, later fifteen, Council members to enact a resolution; in this case effective action was very difficult. The U.S refused to join.
  • Sacco and Vanzetti case

    Sacco and Vanzetti case
    This was a case of two migrant Italians who were anarchists. The fear against anarchists made them to be executed for murder and robbery, even though there was not enough evidence.
  • Quota Laws of 1921 and 1924

    Quota Laws of 1921 and 1924
    Those Quota laws were The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and The Immigration Act of 1924. The '21 Quota limited the number of immigrants that entered into the United States, while the '24 made the Quotas stricter and even permanent. The Quota laws decreased the immigration percentage to the U.S.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    This was a case where John Tomas Scopes when to trial for the teaching of just science in general. He was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act. That act makes it unlawful the teaching of human evolution in any school. This was a problem because the teaching of science threaten the religious beliefs of that time.
  • Dust Bowl

    Dust Bowl
    This was a time where poor farming methods, unusual high temperatures, and droughts caused an economic depression.Prices for the crops they could grow fell below subsistence levels. This caused some farmers to lose their livelihoods and their homes.
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    This amendment had moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the president and vice president from March 4 to January 20, and of members of Congress from March 4 to January 3. The amendment was not successful. It was also referred as the Lame Duck Amendment.
  • New Deal

    New Deal
    The New Deal was a series of programs made to reform things in the society that needed work on. This provided financial, and public work reforms that covered the relief, reform, and recovery of the Great Depression. The New Deal did not end the depression but it did help build confidence on the public because of some reforms that did bring relief to Americans.
  • USSR Recognized

    USSR Recognized
    President Franklin Roosevelt ended 16 years of not recognizing the Soviet Union by the making of negotiations.The business community was eager for large-scale trade with the Soviet Union. The US government hoped for some repayment on the old tsarist debts. And a promise not to support subversive movements inside the U.S. President Franklin D.
  • Civilian Conservation Corp.

    Civilian Conservation Corp.
    The program's goal was to conserve the country's natural resources while providing jobs for young men. This was one of Teddy Roosevelt's new deal program. It was pretty successful, the most successful out of the New Deal programs during the Great Depression.
  • 1st Hundred Days

    1st Hundred Days
    The first 100 days of a presidential term has taken on symbolic significance, and the period is considered a benchmark to measure the early success of a president. Roosevelt coined the term first 100 days radio address and 13 laws were enacted.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    This amendment repealed the 18th Amendment which made the production, transportation, and sale of alcohol illegal. They repealed the 18th Amendment by making the 21st because prohibition just increased crime and the selling of alcohol.
  • Neutrality Acts '35, '36, '37, '39

    Neutrality Acts '35, '36, '37, '39
    These laws were a way to prevent the involvement of the U.S in future wars and reassured fascist leaders that the United States was unlikely to intervene. They weren't necessarily successful.
  • Wagner Act

    Wagner Act
    This was a New Deal reform to give employees and unions the right to protest and not having employers interfere. This was very successful and it helped workers go on strike and the creations of unions.The United Mine Workers, for example, experienced a membership jump from 150,000 to half a million within one year.
  • Social Security Act

    Social Security Act
    This act was a way to withdraw older people and make space for younger people in jobs. It established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped. It was effective and one of the most successful programs.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia

    Italy invades Ethiopia
    The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. This was a colonial war that was to boost Italian national prestige, which was wounded by Ethiopia's defeat of Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa in the nineteenth century.
  • Spanish Civil War

    Spanish Civil War
    The main causes for the internal war in Spain was because of the refusal of people respecting each other's rights and opinions. Poverty and inequality was also a factor to the start of the war. The Nationalists won causing the war to come to an end.
  • Quarantine Speech

    Quarantine Speech
    President Franklin Roosevelt calling for an international "quarantine of the aggressor nations" as an alternative to the political climate of American neutrality and non-intervention that was prevalent at the time.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    The name was the code name for the American-led effort to develop a functional atomic weapon during World War II. What led to the start of the Manhattan Project were rumors of Germans creating a nuclear weapon.
  • The Grapes of Wrath

    The Grapes of Wrath
    The novel awakened compassion and comprehension to those people who were affected by the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression.
  • Holocaust

    Holocaust
    This horrible event was a genocide of European Jews under the rule of Adolf Hitler, as them being the Nazi Party. This was a scarring moment for the survivors and for those who were killed.
  • Four Freedoms Speech

    Four Freedoms Speech
    President Franklin Roosevelt gave a speech where there was four freedoms: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear. These are four fundamental freedoms that all people should have the right to – Freedom of speech and worship and freedom from want and fear.
  • D-Day

    D-Day
    This was when the Allied forces invaded northern France during WW2 and was one of the biggest invasions by sea. The allied powers won making it the turning point for WW2.
  • Continuation

    Lessons learned from the wars due to the depressions, social, and emotional damages. The Progressive Era which was an era that challenged the government and the society and created ideas that were carried on to this day. Although faced with many challenges, this period brought a lot of progressive movements that got us where we are today.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    This conference was when the United States, United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union met to discuss the plans of postwar. The plans had to do with the reorganization of Germany and Europe. Apparently this was considered a factor that led to the power struggle of the ensuing Cold War.
  • Filipino Independence

    Filipino Independence
    The Philippines became independent from the United States. constructed a democratic government, they had a wealthy elite controlled politics and government. The different political groups struggled for power because of their crazy president Ferdinand Marcos.