Period 3, Naik and Nemeth, History of Earth

By dnaik
  • (5 BYA) Creation of the Universe

    (5 BYA) Creation of the Universe
    Our solar system was a swirling mass of gas and dust where particles of mass are continusouly expanding.
  • (4.6 BYA) Creation of Earth

    (4.6 BYA) Creation of Earth
    Earth grew larger as gravity pulled in more debris and particles from the Big Bang.
  • (4 BYA) Dating Earth

    (4 BYA) Dating Earth
    Earth is estimated to be 4 billion years old, that’s 700,000 years older than history.
  • (4 BYA) Radiometric Dating

    (4 BYA) Radiometric Dating
    Finding the age of Earth was made possible by studying the sedimentary rocks in the Earth’s crust. Radiometric dating is a technique used for establishing the age of materials dating back as far as 4 billion years ago.
  • (3.5 BYA) Stromatalite

    (3.5 BYA) Stromatalite
    Oldest fossils of stromatalite were discovered are to be 3.5 BYA.
  • (3 BYA) First Lifeforms

    (3 BYA) First Lifeforms
    Some forms of life had become photosynthetic. Meaning they could make their own food.
  • (2.2 BYA) Creation of Oxygen

    (2.2 BYA) Creation of Oxygen
    Oxygen was created but at first it was damaging to the first unicellular organisms.
  • (2 BYA) Creation of Cells

    (2 BYA) Creation of Cells
    O2 levels reached today’s levels. Prokaryote cells may have developed into eukaryotic cells.
  • (1.5 BYA) Cell Reproduction

    (1.5 BYA) Cell Reproduction
    A small aerobic prokarote was engulfed by and began to live and reproduce inside of a larger anaerobic prokaryote.
  • (1 BYA) The Ozone Layer

    (1 BYA) The Ozone Layer
    Ozone (O3) formed – protected organisms from harmful UV rays so they could exist on land.
  • (1600-1700) Spontaneous Generation

    (1600-1700) Spontaneous Generation
    Redi observed that maggots appeared where adult flies landed and maggots came out of sacks. Robert Hooke invented the first microscope. Scientists began using the microscope to observe tiny creatures. Francesco Redi conducted an experiment to test his hypothesis, that meat isolated from adult flies would be free of maggots.
  • (1700-1800) Spallanzani

    (1700-1800) Spallanzani
    Spallanzani designed an experiment to test the hypothesis on spontaneous generation or microorganisms.
  • (1800-1900) Pasteur

    (1800-1900) Pasteur
    Pasteur won a prize from Paris academy of science for clearing up controversies over spontaneous generation.
  • (1900s) Modern Scientific Findings

    (1900s) Modern Scientific Findings
    Sidney Fox did research on the physical structures of the first cells. For example he studied microsphere structures, and coacervates structures. The Miller-Urey experiment produced a variety of organic compounds, including amino acids.