Kororareka 3

New Zealand: The Contact Period 1642 - 1840

  • Tasman arrives

    Tasman arrives
    Tasman looking for the remainder of Stadt Landt discovers New Zealand instead. He misinterprets a conch as a welcome, replying with his trumpet. The Maori believed he had answered their challenge and the next day attacked his crew. 4 were killed and eaten. Tasman fled. Later a mapmaker realised he had discovered a new land and named in Niue Zeeland.
  • Cook redsicovers Niue Zeeland.

    Cook redsicovers Niue Zeeland.
    After observing the Transit of Venus he opened secret orders to travel south in search of the Great Continent. His neew H4 cnronometer allowed him to navigate accurately and to amke accurate maps. He discovered Niue Zeeland. Later it would be Angicised to New Zealand. he spent 6 months mapping the country and meeting and trading with Māori. Then he discovered the East Coast of Australia and the Great Barrier Reef.
  • Surville arrives in New Zealand

    Surville arrives in New Zealand
    French explorer Jean-Francois Marie Surville sailing the St. Jean Baptiste arrives off the west coast of the North Island.
  • Marion du Fresne

    Marion du Fresne
    Marion Du Fresen and 14 others are murdered. The next day 11 more are killed. The next day the French kill 200 Maori in revenge. This memory will be important when the Petition is sent in 1830.
  • Cook looses a boatcrew

    A boats crew of 9 are killed and eaten after a dispute over a stolen jacket.
  • First Fleet arrives in Australia

    First Fleet arrives in Australia
    Britain needs to empty the Hulks on the Thames. Other venues proved unsuitable.The 7 ships carrying almost a thousand convicts arrives at Botany Bay. Shortly they shift to Port Jackson (Sydney) and due to food shortages, trade will begin with Maori. The Church Missionary Society (CMS) is an important part of the Administration.
  • First Sealers arrive.

    First Sealers arrive.
    The Britannia arrives in Dusky Sound. The Ship returns 10 months later to find 4500 skins. Seal skins are traded by Sydney based merchants to London or directly to China.
  • Two Maori are kidnapped by Governor King.

    Turi and Huru are kidnapped and transported to Norfolk Island. It is hoped they can teach convicts how to dress flax. This is womens work and they are returned to NZ.
  • The Fancy returns to Sydney.

    The Fancy spends 3 months cutting timber in the Thames Estuary. Most of the houses in the Circular Quay area are made from NZ Kauri. Flax was also traded for iron.
  • First Whalers arrive in Pacific

    First Whalers arrive in Pacific
    American Whalers arrive in the Pacific. They will chase any whale but prefer the Sperm Whale (the Catchalot). American ships will dominate the Pacific trade for the next few decades.
  • Nga Puhi Chief, Te Pahi meets Marsden

    Te Pahi and his sons return to NZ after meeting the Governor and Marsden who sees possibilities for the CMS in NZ.
  • Kororareka established

    Kororareka established
    After the War of Independence, American ships are barred from Sydney. Sydney also imposes excessive taxation and fees on the Whalers. By 1806 Kororareka where Britain has no has no jurisdiction has become a regular port of call for Whalers. Traders and Grog sellers have begun to set up shop. Maori are becoming regular traders of food and sex for goods.
  • The Venus arrives - The origin of the Musket Wars?

    The crew of the Venus mutiny and travel to NZ. They kidnap several Ngapuhi women and sell them to Coromandel and Opotiki Maori. The women are related to Hika and Pomare. Revenge is a dish best served cold. This will lay the foundation for the Musket wars in the 1820's.
  • Marsden meets Ruatara

    Marsden meets Ruatara
    Ruatara arrives in Sydney aboard the Whaling Ship Argo and meets Marsden, who is impressed with this 'New Zealander'.
  • Battle of Moremorenui

    A Ngapuhi Taua armed with 6 muskets is ambushed by Ngati Whatua. The massacre is known as the Feast of Seagulls.
    Hongi Hikas brothers and sister are killed. He will have his revenge in 1822.
  • Boyd Massacre

    Boyd Massacre
    The Boyd with 70 crew and passengers are attacked. All aboard are killed by an Iwi led by Te Pehi. Upon hearing of this 6 nearby Whaling Ships take revenge but attack the wrong tribe. Several hundred innocent Māori including Marsden's friend, Te Pahi are killed.
  • James Caddell

    James Caddell
    Caddell is part of a sealing gang, most of whom are killed and eaten. Caddell becomes a Pakeha-Maori. He will marry into the tribe and act as an intermediary. He is last seen in 1826.
  • Arrival of Missionaries

    Arrival of Missionaries
    Marsden arrives to establish a Mission at Rangihoua. he conducts the first sermon on Christmas day.
  • Amiowhenua 1

    Amiowhenua 1
    Hongi Hika and Pomare of Ngapuhi lead Taua in the first great campaign of the Musket Wars. This Taua only has 50 muskets but is able to out gun any other tribe. They return with 2000 heads and clain to have destroyed 500 Kainga and Pa, many from the Coromandel and Opotiki area (The Elizabeth)
  • Hongi and Waikato travel to London with Kendall

    Hongi and Waikato travel to London with Kendall
    Hongi helps Professor Lee in Cambridge to write a Maori grammar book. He also meets and sells land to de Theirry. de Theirry arrival in 1835 sparks the Declaration of Independence. On the way home he acquires hundreds of muskets in Sydney. He now begins the Second Amiowhenua, to much greater effect.
  • Weslyans arrive

    Samuel Leigh arrives with his family to establish a Weslyal(Methodist) Mission.
  • CMS at Paihia

    Marsden and Henry Williams realise Rangihoua is to isolated and establish a new Mission at Paihia opposite Kororareka. Comparisons between 'Haven' and 'Hell' are soon being made.
  • Dumont d'Urville arrives

    Dumont d'Urville arrives
    Dumont d'Urville aboard the Astrolabe makes first of 3 visits to New Zealand. These visits are an issue to the Anglican Missionaries.
  • Schooner Herald launched

    Henry Williams launches a schooner (Herald) to reach beyond the Bay of Islands. Conversions remian few and far between.
  • Weslyans move to KeriKeri

    After their mission in Whangaroa is sacked they move to a safer site at Kerikeri.
  • Dumont d'Urville visits

    Dumont d'Urville visits
    Frenchman D'Urville arrives aboard the Astrolabe. He is almost wrecked at French Pass. Visits like this are viewed with suspicion by British Missionaries.
  • Hika dies

    Hika dies
    Hika dies of a wound recieved in fighting between the Ngapuhi. Conversions to Christianity will begin in only a few months.
  • Waimate settled by CMS

    Marsden establishes a farming mission at Waimate.
  • Laplace and the la Favourite

    Laplace and the la Favourite
    Cyrille Laplace sails the La Favourite into NZ. He is searching out potential trading opportunities for France. His vsit creates panic amongst the Missionaries.
  • The petition to King William

    The petition to King William
    Missionary William Yate concerned about French interest in NZ convinces several chiefs to ask for protection to be provided by Britain. They specifically mention "the sons of Marion" a reference to the death of du Fresne. This petition is recognized by the Government.
  • The Elizabeth Affair

    Te Rauparha sails aboard the Elizabeth to attack the Ngatahu at Kaiapoi and Kaikoura
  • Busby arrives

    Busby arrives
    James Busby arrives as Resident. His job is to control the behaviour of Europeans and to facilitate trade.
  • Colenso

    William Colenso begins printing the Bible. Increasing Literacy amongst Māori and the release of Slaves sees a huge increase in conversions to Christianity.
  • A Flag

    A Flag
    Busby asks northern chiefs to select a flag for NZ built ships. The Admiralty recognises the flag as representing NZ.
  • The Harriet Affair

    The Harriet Affair
    Jacky Guard and his family are captured by Ngati Ruanui.. 12 of the crew are killed and eaten. Jacky is released on the promise of a keg of gunpowder.
  • The Alligator

    The Alligator
    Guard arrives back from Sydney aboard the Alligator which attacks the wrong tribe but eventually frees Betty Guard and the children.
  • The Declaration

    The Declaration
    Busby convinces 35 chiefs to sign the Declaration of Independence and asks for British protection. He is anxious about the intentions of Baron de Theirry who has arrived to take possession of the land he purchased from Hika in 1820. The Declaration is also recognised by the Government.
  • Moriori invasion

    Ngati Mutumga aboard the Lord Rodney attack the Chathams enslaving the Moriori. Most will be dead by the end of the century.
  • NZ Association

    EG Wakefield establishes an Association to formalise 'Systematic Colonisation' of NZ.
  • Hobson arrives

    Hobson arrives
    Hobson arrives to investigate NZ and report on the situation. He recomends the use of the 'Factory' system be used. LIke the system used in India. Trading Ports (Factories) would be established on the coast allowing trade without the difficulties/expenses of maintaining a military presence.
  • Busby Reports

    Busby Reports
    Busby reports back to London that the country would soon be 'destitute of a single aboriginal inhabitant'. Others also exaggerated these claims hastening Colonial Office moves to annexe New Zealand.
  • The New Testament is published

    The New Testament is published
    William Colenso prints 5000 copies of the New Testament.
  • Bishop Pompallier arrives.

    Bishop Pompallier arrives.
    French Bishop Pompallier arrives to establish a FRENCH Catholic Mission.
  • Kororareka Association

    Kororareka Association
    In order to control the population of the town a group is established (Basically Vigilantes) to control lawlessness. AT least one tarring & feathering takes place.
  • Clendon as Consul

    Clendon as Consul
    James Clendon is appointed as American Consul. Busby and the Missionaries are worrid by this development.
  • The NZ Company

    The Company issues a prospectus to begin the settlement of NZ.
  • The NZ Company 2

    The NZ Company 2
    THe Tory departs fro NZ with William Wakefield and is charged with 5000 pounds in trade goods to purchase land from Maori. The Tory eventually arrives in Port Nicholson in September.
  • NZ Company 3 Buying Land

    NZ Company 3 Buying Land
    After negotiations Te Waherepouri and Te Puni sell the Hutt Valley to Wakefield. Later discussions in October and November laves him with the imporession he has purchased most of the Cook Strait region.
  • Treaty Day 1 - Discussions

    Treaty Day 1 - Discussions
    Hobson presents a Treaty to a gathering of chiefs. There is discussion about its meaning: Kawanatanga and Rangatiratanga versus Governorship and Soveriegnty.
  • Treaty Day 2 Treaty Signed

    Treaty Day 2 Treaty Signed
    After a day of discussion and with food dwindling many chiefs decide to leave. Hobson rushes ashore fom his ship and has the remaining chiefs sign the Treaty. Hone Heke is reputedly the first to sign.
  • d'Urvilles third visit

    d'Urvilles third visit
    After 3 years surveying the Pacific islands and venturing into the Antartic Ice Fields d'Urville. After visiting the French colony at Akaroa (also a cause for concern) he arrived at Kororareka to find NZ had been annexed.
  • He Iwi Tahi Tatou?

    He Iwi Tahi Tatou?
    William Hobson proclaimed sovereignty over all of New Zealand: over the North Island on the basis of cession through the Treaty of Waitangi and over the southern islands by right of discovery
  • Treaty signed by 500

    Treaty signed by 500
    After many copies of the treaty are carried around the country and a total of 500 signatures are taken. Only 35 are on the single english version.