The Civil War
The Election of Abraham Lincolnhttp://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/abraham-lincoln.html
Abraham Lincoln was elected president with no Southern states in the ballot for him. The election was one of the main reasons why the civil war broke out. Lincoln’s decision to fight was not based on his feelings towards slavery. He felt it was his duty as President of the United States to preserve the Union at all costs.
The Confederacy of the United States is Formedhttp://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0194016.html
This was a government created by 11 states of the United States. They were part of the South in the U.S. The Union did not want to recognize the Confederates. These Southern states also left the Union.
First Battle of Bull RunLocation: Fairfax County and Prince William County
Result: The Confederates won
Significance: It was also called the First Manassas. It was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia.
Battle of Fort HenryLocation:Stewart County and Henry County, Tennessee, and Calloway County, Kentucky.
Results: The Union won
Significance: This battle was fought in several locations.
Battle of Fort DonelsonLocation: Stewart County
Ending Date: February 16th 1862
Results: The Union won.
Significance: This battle was the first major win for the Union. It also cut off large numbers of Confederate forces
Battle of ShilohLocation:Hardin County
Ending Date: April 7th 1862
Results: The Union won this battle
Significance: This battle was also called The Pittsburg Landing.
Second Battle of Bull RunLocation: Prince William County
Ending Date: August 30th 1862
Results: The Confederates won
Significance: This battle has many different names; Manassas, Second Bull Run, Manassas Plains, Groveton, Gainesville, Brawner's Farm. It ended up sacking the Union commander, and the re-instating of McLellan, to the joy of the troops.
Battle of AntietamLocation: Washington County
Ending date: September 18th 1862
Significance: This battle has another name for it, which is SHarpsburg. This battle gave the chance for Abraham Lincoln to issue his Imancipation Proclimation.
Results: They ended up being Inconclusive. The Union had a strategic victory though.
Battle of FredericksburgLocation: Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg
Ending Date: December 15th 1862
Results: The Confederates won this battle
Significance: This battle was one of the most lopsided battles of the Civil War. A failure happened that was called the Mud March.
The Emancipation Proclamation is signedhttp://www.civilwar.org/education/history/emancipation-150/10-facts.html
This document was actually issued by Abraham Lincoln two times. This only was toward the states that were rebelling against it. This also demonstartes the president's war executive powers. This document did change the focus on the war.
Battle of ChancellorsvilleLocation: Spotsylvania County
Ending Date: May 6th 1863
Results: The Confederates won.
Significance:It was Lee's display of his genius, completely wrong-footing the otherwise-successful Union commander Hooker.
Siege of Vicksburglocation: Warren County
ending date: July 4th 1863\
results: Union victory
significance: Victory in the battle of Vicksburg gave control of the Mississippi River to the Union. This was a way for peole to trade lots of things with others.
Battle of GettysburgLocation: Adams County
Ending Date: July 3rd 1863
Results: The Union won.
Significance: Gettysburg was the first battle fought in a free state, and it was seen as a way of moving the war into the North.
Battle of Fort Wagnerlocation: City of Charleston
ending date: July 11th 1863
results: The Confederates won.
significance: The 54th Masachusetts Regiment happened.
Fort SumterLocation: City of Charleston
Significance: Birg. Gen. Beauregard demanded that the Union garrison to surrender Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Garrison commander Anderson refused. At 2:30 pm, April 13, Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter. This started the American Civil War.
Battle of ChattanoogaLocation: Hamilton County and City of Chattanooga
Results: The Union had a successful demonstration
significance:This war gave the ability for the Union to move more down toward the South.
Battle of Chickamaugalocation: Catoosa County and Walker County
ending date: September 20th 1863
results: The Confedrates won
significance: The most significant part of this battle in Chattanooga, TN was that the South needed to regain there terrain or more hope since they had none.
Battle of Spotsylvania Court Houselocation: Spotsylvania County
Ending date; May 21st 1864
Results: It was inconclusive.
significance: Each of the successive battles that Grant met on this advance resulted in huge casualties, Grant's nick names ended up being the "Butcher Grant"
Battle of Cold HarborLocation: Hanover County
Ending date: June 12th 1864
Results: The confederates won
Significance: It was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War.
In 1864, Lincoln ran again for President. He thought that he wouldn't win this time again. He secretly made plans to retain the White House and bring the conflict to a conclusion of the results of the election. His goal, he said, was “lasting peace among ourselves. 1 Month later the war ended.
Battle of Sailor’s CreekLocation: Amelia County, Prince Edward County, and Nottoway County
Significance: There was three seperate engagements for this battle.
Results: The Union won
The Assassination of Abraham Lincolnhttp://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/abraham-lincoln.html
He was assassinated in the Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. At first Abraham was injuried serverely. One day later though he ended up dying.