Medieval/Renaissance 476-1430-1600

  • 476

    The Fall of Rome and start of Medieval Era

    Slow changes in life, culture, and dissemination of knowledge.
    Views of Music
    Divine: Music came from God
    Cosmic: Music was actively being created in the movements of the stars and planets: music of the spheres.
  • 476


    The Catholic Church. Chant, Gregorian Chant. This was a type of monophonic sacred song, unaccompanied, little range, free rhythm, and using the 8 church modes.
  • 476

    Church Modes

    Church Modes
  • 476

    Mass Service Parts

    Two Parts:Ordinary (set text)
    Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
  • Period: 476 to 1420

    Middle Ages/Medieval Period

    The music from this time period was largely functional, used in religious services, weddings, entertainment etc. Music pitches and notations as we know them now were not yet developed. The church was the primary institution that created music. Melodies were confined to a range, most was a monophonic texture. Overall, not much was developed during this time period.
  • Period: 476 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • Period: 715 to 731

    Pope Gregory Ruling

    Gregorian Chant(roman dialect of chant. Kyrie was one, by Anonymous, c. 10th century.
  • 800

    Early Polyphony

    Began to emerge during the Romanesque era. Organum is the first known form.
  • 900


    Plainchant melody with added melody. Resulted when piece was sung with parallel 4th and 5ths.
  • Period: 991 to 1033

    Guido d'Arezzo

    credited with inventing the staff, Suggested using a red line for F and a yellow line for C.
    Diastematic notation
  • 1098

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Hildegard von Bingen
    Born to noble family who promised their 10th child to God. She was it. She DID NOT do Gregorian chant.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard von Bingen

    Founder and abbess of the convent in Rupertsberg, Germany. Famous for prophetic powers and revelations. Wrote liturgical dramas and religious poetry. First female composer in contemporary musicology to receive extensive scholarly research.
  • Period: 1150 to 1201


    First Composer of polyphonic music. Credited with compiling the Magnus liber organi
  • 1152

    Alleluia, O virga mediatrix

    From the morality play Ordo Virtutum (play of virtues). Hildegard invented this genre.
  • 1200


  • Period: 1291 to 1361

    Philippe de Vitry's

    treatise ca.1322/3, called Ars Nova discussed some of the more modern techniques. Compositional technique called isorhythm.
  • Period: 1300 to 1350

    Ars Nova/Trecento

    Primary change in musical style during 14th century. Refers to new style in France while Trecento was for Italy.
  • Period: 1300 to 1377

    Guillaume de Machut

    Most famous composer and poet at the time.
  • Period: 1325 to 1397

    Francesco Landini

    Music Theorist, composer, poet etc. Most famous Italian composer of the 14th century.
  • 1340

    The Bubonic plague (The Black Death)

  • Period: 1430 to


    New complex currents of thought concerning: Arts, Science, and Religion. Musically what changed is the approach to chant, emphasis went from function to beauty. Key points: SCIENCE
  • Period: 1435 to 1511

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Composer and music theorist. Wrote first dictionary of musical terms.
  • 1440

    Printing Press Invention

    Printing Press Invention
    Johannes Gutenberg
  • 1452

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
  • Period: 1452 to 1519

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Artist, scientist and inventor during the Renaissance.
  • Period: 1525 to


    Most famous composer of Renaissance