Martin Luther Timeline

By Kaywyn
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Birth of Martin Luther

    Birth of Martin Luther
    Born in Eisleben, Saxony, Germany
  • Period: May 14, 1501 to May 14, 1505

    Law Studys

    1501 - Aged 19, entered the University of Erfurt
    1505 - Achieved his master's degree
  • Jul 2, 1505

    Decision of becoming a Monk

    Decision of becoming a Monk
    During a thunderstorm, he was knocked to the ground by lightning and yelled, "If you help me now, St Anne, I will become a monk."
  • Jul 17, 1505

    Leaving Education

    Left his law school, sold all his books and entered a closed Augustinian firary in Erfurt.
  • May 14, 1510

    Trip to Rome

    Went with great enthusiasm, but was very disappointed with the lifestyle of the pope and clergy
  • May 14, 1511

    Professor of Theology

    Lectured on the Bible at the university of Wittenberg
  • May 14, 1517

    95 Theses

    95 Theses
    Wrote the 95 Theses and nailed them on the church door at Wittenberg. Confronted Johann Tetzel with them.
  • May 14, 1519

    The Debate

    The Debate
    Held for 18 days between Luther and John Eck (supporting the Church). Luther declared he was a heretic, yet still would not recant.
  • May 14, 1520

    The Issued Bull

    Pope Leo X demands that Luther recant within 2 months or be excommunicated. Luther burned the bull after the deadline since they (the Church) burned his books.
  • Period: Apr 17, 1521 to Apr 18, 1521

    The Trial

    Was asked by the counselor if the 95 Theses were his works and whether he would recant. Agreed that they were his works, but still did not recant. Later declared a heretic.
  • May 14, 1521

    Kidnapped!

    Kidnapped!
    "Kidnapped" by the ruler of Saxony (Fredrick the Wise) and was hidden safely in the Wartburg Castle for 9 months. During this time, he translated the Bible into German.
  • Period: May 16, 1522 to May 16, 1534

    The New Bible

    1522: Published the Old Testament in German
    1534: Published the New Testament and the whole Bible in German
  • Apr 14, 1523

    The Escaped Nuns

    Helped 12 nuns, including Katharina von Bora, escape from the Nimbschen Cistercian convent - arranged for them to be smuggled out in herring barrels.
  • Period: May 14, 1524 to May 14, 1525

    Peasant War

    Peasants asked Luther for support against the wealthy princes, but Luther instead advised the princes to crush the rebellions. Over 100 000 rebels were executed.
  • May 14, 1525

    New Religion

    Lutheranism was established since Luther's condemnation of the rebels had made his beliefs popular with the princes of Germany. This then made Germany split into Protestants and Catholics.
  • Jun 13, 1525

    Marriage

    Marriage
    Martin (aged 41) and Katharina (aged 26) are married.
  • Jun 14, 1526

    Birth of First Child

    Hans is born.
  • Dec 10, 1527

    Birth of Second Child

    Elizabeth is born, however she died in a few months.
  • May 14, 1529

    Birth of Third Child

    Magdalene is born, however, she died in Luther's arms in 1542.
  • May 16, 1530

    Augsburg Confession

    Augsburg Confession
    Lutheran leaders stating their beliefs. Unfortunately, Luther was excommunicated so he could not attend - his friend Philipp Melanchthon (professor of Greek) prepared a summary of Luther's ideas - the basis of Lutheranism.
  • May 14, 1531

    Birth of Fourth Child

    Martin is born.
  • Jan 28, 1533

    Birth of Fifth Child

    Paul is born.
  • May 14, 1534

    Birth of Sixth and Final Child

    Magaret is born.
  • Feb 18, 1546

    Death of Martin Luther

    Suffered from illness and dies in Eisleben, Saxony (birthplace)
  • May 16, 1555

    Peace of Augsburg

    Charles V - holy Roman emperor - allowed the German princes to choose whether their states should be Lutheran or Catholic (no other form of Protestantism was allowed)