Oct 2, 1107
Saladin Retakes The City Of JerusalemWho Was Involved:
After conquering Syria and Damascus, he led the Saracens in victory over the Crusaders on the plain of Tiberias in 1187. With his own scimitar, he kept his promise and slew Chatillon. The rival gangs next "rumbled" over Jerusalem. On this day, October 2, 1187, the Muslim general captured the holy city. Muslims immediately clambered up and removed the cross that the Crusaders had mounted on the cupola of the Dome of the Rock. According to an eyewit
Jun 14, 1145
2nd Crusade Involved( Louis VII of France, Conrad III of Germany, Pope Eugene III)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_CrusadeSumary:
The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III, and was the first of the crusades to be led by European kings, namely Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany, with help from a number of other European nobles. The armies of the two kings marched separately across Europe.The christians took jeruselum away from the muslims.
Jun 14, 1189
3rd Crusade Involved ( Zengid dynasty, Henry II of England, Philip II of France, Frederick Barbarossa.)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third_CrusadeSumary: The Third Crusade (1189–1192), also known as the Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin (Salāh ad-Dīn). It was largely successful, but fell short of its ultimate goal—the reconquest of Jerusalem. Jerusalem remains under Muslim control. Muslims allow trade and unarmed Christian pilgrimages into the Holy Land.
Apr 6, 1453
Turks Capture Constantinople Involved ( Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, Constantine XI Palaiologos, Constantine XI †, etc)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_ConstantinopleSumary:
the capture of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which occurred after a siege by the Ottoman Empire, under the command of 21-year-old Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, against the defending army commanded by Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos. The siege lasted from Friday, 6 April 1453 until Tuesday, 29 May 1453 (according to the Julian calendar), when the city was conquered by the Ottomans.Decisive Ottoman victory, End of the Byzantine Empire;Constantinople
Massacre at AcreWho was involved:
Henry II of Jerusalem, Amalric of Tyre, Commanders and leaders
When Acre fell, the Crusaders lost their last major stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. They still maintained a fortress at the northern city of Tartus, engaged in some coastal raids, and attempted an incursion from the tiny island of Ruad, but when they lost that as well in 1302/1303 in the Siege of Ruad, the Crusaders no longer controlled any of the Holy Land.
Arab League declares jihad in IsraelWith UN recognition Israel statehood.Aran League immediately declares Jihad (holy war) against Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Syna, Saudi Arabia and Jordan immediately declare war on the new jewish state and invade Israel.
Suez Canal Incidenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suez_CrisisSumary:
Diplomatic and military confrontation in late 1956 between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel on the other, with the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Nations playing major roles in forcing Britain, France and Israel to withdraw.Egyptian and Soviet political victory. Coalition military victory with subsequent forced Anglo-French withdrawal.
Abdel Hakim Amer, Moshe Dayan, Anthony Eden, Rafael Eitan.
The 1st Crusade LaunchedWho was Involved:
Pope Urban II, Byzantine Emperor Alexios I K
On November 27, 1095, in Clermont, France, Pope Urban II called for a crusade to help the Byzantines and to free the city of Jerusalem. The official start date was set as August 15, 1096. Those armies that left before that time are considered part of the People's Crusade. Three of these armies never made it past Hungary; two others (under Peter the Hermit and Walter Sansavoir) were defeated by Kilij Arslan of Nicaea.
1st Gulf warhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_WarSumary:
Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait; Emir Jaber III restored. Iraq compelled to disarm under threat of sanctions. Heavy Iraqi casualties and destruction of Iraqi and Kuwaiti infrastructure.
George H. W. Bush, Saddam Hussein, Richard (Dick) Cheney,Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, etc.
Operation Iragi freedom Involved( President George W. Bush)on Iraqis to defend their country. Iraq retaliated by firing missiles at U.S. troop positions in Kuwait.
9/11 Involved ( Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden)Sumary;
On September 11, 2001, terrorists attacked the Unites States. They hijacked four airplanes in mid-flight. The terrorists flew two of the planes into two skyscrapers at the World Trade Center in New York City. The impact caused the buildings to catch fire and collapse. Another plane destroyed part of the Pentagon (the U.S. military headquarters) in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. They tryed to destroy the white house or the U.S.A capital.
The Battle of Algiers