Motown HistoryMotown was developed by Berry Gordy Jr. in Detroit, Michigan- the urban North.
Berry was the primary songwriter in the beginning of Motown.
The first national hit and the name of the prototype song that started the Motown sound was called Money and it was recorded by Barrett Strong.
The Motown SoundStrong beat, emphasizing all four beats in a measure equally.
Not many instrumental riffs, vamps or other ostinatos.
More published sound than in soul, not as rough sounding.
Voices predominant over the instruments.
Close vocal harmonies
In performance, very visually oriented with choreographed moves by the backup singers
Diana Ross and The Supremes.They were the most successful group to record for the Motown label.
The Supremes had six number one hits including Baby Love and Stop! In the Name of Love https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iDPjYZxi0n8
Stevie WonderReal name was Stevland Morris, born in 1950
Blind at birth and he was proficient on piano, drums and harmonica.
His first big hit was Fingertips Part II in 1963 as he developed a reputation as an exciting performer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDZFf0pm0SE
Recording Studio and MotownThe name of Gordy’s first studio was in his home and was called “Hitsville USA”
Some of his acts that developed out of Motown were:
The Jackson Five
Smokey Robinson and the Miracles
The Funk BrothersThe Funk Brothers- the band that played behind everybody who recorded on Motown and traveled with the Motown acts on the road. They were strongly influenced by bebop jazz- the intricate harmonies and rhythmic complexities of bop that were the basis of everything they played. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_GnSeuko2o
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaMX0Cs5Bc4Smokey Robinson and the Miracles had one number one single- The Tears of a Clown. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZaMX0Cs5Bc4