Lewis and clark

Lewis and Clark

  • Birth of William Clark

    On August 1st, 1770, William Clark was born.
  • Birth of Meriwhether Lewis

    On August 18,th 1774, Meriwhether Lewis was born.
  • Lewis named secretary-aide

    On March 6th, 1801, Meriwhether Lewis was aked by Thomas Jefferson if he would be his secretary-aide.
  • Lewis asks Clark to join him on his expedition.

    Spring of 1803 is when Lewis asked William Clark to join him and share command on the expedition. Clark accepted.
  • Keelboat constructed

    Large keelboat constructed in Pittsburgh, overseen by Lewis. After construction Lewis takes it down the Ohio River picking up Clark and recruits along the way.
  • Announcement of Louisiana Purhcase.

    July 4th, 1803 was the day the Louisiana Purchase was announced.
  • Camp Wood Established

    Fall/Winter 1803 - Camp Wood was established upstream from St.Louis.
  • Expedition Begins

    May 14th, 1804 was the day the famous William and Clark expedition began.
  • First 4th of July west of the Mississippi

    Expedition marks first 4th of July west of the Mississippi by firing the keelboat's cannon, and naming Independence Creek.
  • Corps of Discovery meet with representatives of the Oto and Missouri Indians.

    August 3rd, 1804 - Corps of Discovery meet with representatives of the Oto and Missouri Indians, give peace medals, 15 star flags and other gifts.
  • Sgt. Charles Floyd dies

    August 20th, 1804 Near present day Sioux City, Iowa, Sgt. Charles Floyd dies of a probable burst appendix. Captains name hilltops where he is buried Floyd's Bluff and a nearby stream, Floyd's River.
  • Friendly Council with Yankton Sioux held

    August 30th, 1804 - A Friendly council was held with the Yankton Sioux.
  • Prarie Dog Discovered

    All of the men attempt to drown a never-before-seen prarie dog out of its hole for shipment back to Jefferson.
  • Confrontation with Teton Sioux

    September 25, 1804 - Confrontation with Teton Sioux, who demand one of the expedition's boats as a toll to travel farther upriver. Chief Black Buffalo resolves situation before any fighting. Expedition stays with tribe for 3 more days.
  • Earthlodge Villages discovered

    October 24, 1804 - Expedition discovers earthlodge villages of the Mandan and Hidatsas Indians. The captains decide to build Fort Mandan across the river from the main village.
  • Toussaint Charbonneaunhired as an interpreter.

    November 4, 1804 - Toussaint Charbonneau, a French Canadian fur trapper living with the Hidatsas, is hired as an interpreter. His wife, Sacagawea, a Shoshone who had been captured by the Hidatsas and sold to Charbonneau, is also considered helpful as the Shoshones are said to live at the headwaters of the Missouri.
  • Fort Mandan completed

    December 24, 1804 - Fort Mandan completed, expedition moves in for the winter.
  • Sacagawea gives birth

    February 11, 1805 - Sacagawea gives birth to baby boy, Jean Baptiste.
  • Lewis and Clark send the keelboat and men back downriver

    April 7, 1805 - Lewis and Clark send the keelboat and approximately a dozen men back downriver, with maps, reports, Indian artifacts and other scientific specimens for Jefferson. The remaining party heads west.
  • Lewis and another hunter kill a grizzly bear

    April 29, 1805 - Lewis and another hunter kill a large grizzly bear, which had never before been described for science.
  • Clark names the Judith River

    May 29, 1805 - Clark names the Judith River in honor of a girl back in Virginia he hopes to marry.
  • Fork in the River

    June 2, 1805 - The expedition comes to a fork in the river. Lewis and Clark believe the south fork is the Missouri, while all of the other men believe it is the north fork. Although they are not convinced that the south fork is the Missouri the captains recount; "they were ready to follow us any where we thought proper to direct."
  • Great Falls found

    June 13, 1805 - Scouting ahead of the rest of the expedition, Lewis comes across the Great Falls of the Missouri. He also discovers four more waterfalls farther upstream. The expedition will have to portage over eighteen miles, taking nearly a month, to get past them.
  • Three forks of the Missouri River

    Late July, 1805 - The expedition reaches the three forks of the Missouri River, and name them the Gallatin, the Madison, and the Jefferson, after the Secretary of the Treasury, Albert Gallatin, the Secretary of State, James Madison, and President Thomas Jefferson. The expedition continues southwest, up the Jefferson.
  • Nears the headwaters of the Missouri

    August 8, 1805 - Sacagawea recognizes Beaverhead Rock and says they are nearing the headwaters of the Missouri, and her people, the Shoshones. Lewis and three others scout ahead.
  • Shipment from Fort Mandan delivered to Jefferson

    August 12, 1805 - The shipment sent from fort Mandan arrives in the East and is delivered to Jefferson. Lewis ascends the final ridge toward the Continental Divide expecting to see plains and a river flowing to the Pacific, but he finds even more mountains.
  • Camp Fortunate

    August 17, 1805 - Lewis discovers a village of Shoshones and tries to negotiate for horses. Clark and the rest of the expedition arrives as well, and it is discovered that the Shoshone chief Cameahwait is Sacagawea's brother. Lewis and Clark name the site Camp Fortunate.
  • Old Toby

    August 31, 1805 - The expedition sets out with a Shoshone guide called Old Toby, along with 29 horses and a mule.
  • Travelers Rest

    September 9, 1805 - The expedition camps at present day Missoula, Montana, a spot Lewis and Clark called Travelers Rest to prepare for the mountain crossing.
  • Weippe, Idaho

    September 22, 1805 - After nearly starving in the mountains the expedition emerges near present-day Weippe, Idaho.
  • Columbia River

    October 16, 1805 - The expedition reaches the Columbia River.
  • Mount Hood

    October 18, 1805 - Clark sees Mount Hood in the distance, named by a British sea captain in 1792, proof that they are near the ocean.
  • Nearing the Ocean

    November 7, 1805 - Clark, who believes he can see the ocean writes his most famous journal entry: "Ocian in view! O! the joy." The expedition is actually still 20 miles from the sea. Terrible storms halt the expedition for nearly 3 weeks.
  • Crossing of south side of Columbia River

    November 24, 1805 - By majority vote the expedition decides to cross to the south side of the Columbia River to build winter quarters.
  • Jefferson welcomes a delegation of Indian Chiefs

    January 4, 1806 - President Jefferson welcomes a delegation of Missouri, Oto, Arikara, and Yankton Sioux chiefs who had met with Lewis and Clark more than a year earlier.
  • They run out of Tobacco

    March 7, 1806 - The expedition runs out of tobacco. They had run out of their whiskey ration the previous fourth of July.
  • Fort Clatsop

    March 23, 1806 - Fort Clatsop is presented to the Clatsop Indian, for which it was named, and the expedition begins the journey home.
  • Expedition reaches the Bitterroot Mountains

    May - Late June, 1806 - The expedition reaches the Bitterroot mountains, but must wait for the snow to melt before crossing them. During this time the expedition again stays with the Nez Perce, Lewis describes them as "the most hospitable, honest and sincere people that we have met with in our voyage."
  • Group splits into smaller groups

    July 3, 1806 - Having crossed the Bitterroots again, the expedition breaks into smaller groups in order to explore more of the Louisiana Territory. Clark and his group head down the Yellowstone River, while Lewis takes the shortcut to the Great Falls, and then heads north along the Maris River.
  • Clark names things

    July 25, 1806 - Near present-day Billings, Montana, Clark names a sandstone outcropping Pompy's Tower, after sacagawea's son, nicknamed Little Pomp. On the rock face Clark enscribes his name and the date.
  • The Blackfeet warriors

    July 26-27, 1806 - While making their way back to the Missouri, Lewis' party encounters eight Blackfeet warriors. They camp together, but the morning of the 27th the party catches the blackfeet attempting to steal their horses and guns. During a fight two of the Blackfeet were killed.
  • The parties reunite

    August 12, 1806 - All of the parties are reunited downstream from the mouth of the Yellowstone River.
  • Expedition returns to the Mandan Village

    August 14, 1806 - The expedition returns to the Mandan village. Charbonneau, Sacagawea, and Jean Baptist stay, while John Colter is granted permission to return to the Yellowstone to trap beaver.
  • Expedition covering 70 miles per day

    September, 1806 - With the current of the Missouri behind them, they are able to cover over 70 miles per day. The expedition also begins meeting boats of American traders heading upriver.
  • They reach St. Louis

    September 23, 1806 - Lewis and Clark reach St. Louis.
  • Lewis and Clark are treated as national heroes

    Fall, 1806 - Lewis and Clark are treated as national heroes. They return to Washington, D.C. The men receive double pay and 320 acres of land as reward, the captains get 1,600 acres. Lewis is named governor of the Louisiana Territory, Clark is made Indian agent for the West and brigadier general of the territory's militia.
  • Lewis commits suicide

    October 11, 1809 - Lewis commits suicide at Grinders Stand, an inn south of Nashville.
  • Sacagawea dies

    December 20, 1812 - Sacagawea dies at Fort Manuel. Clark, who is in St. Louis, assumes custody of Jean Baptiste, as well as her daughter, Lisette.
  • Clark dies

    September 1, 1838 - William Clark dies at the home of his eldest son, Meriwether Lewis Clark. William Clark had married Julia "Judith" Hancock for whom he had named a river while on the expedition.