Jan 1, 1440
Printing PressJohannes Gutenberg, a German businessman inevented the printing press. It help to produce more books in less time, books became cheaper and humanist thought reached more people.
This is a song that talks about the printing press
Oct 19, 1469
Dinastic UnionIn 1477, Isabelle became Queen of Castile, and in 1479 Ferdinand beacame King of Aragon. The Crown of Castile and Aragon were united.
But this union was only a personal union. They governed together but each kingdom had its own institutions.
When Isabelle died the spanish throne pass to her daughter Joana while Ferdiand continued being King of Aragon. Joana was unable to reign, so Ferdinand work as king until Charles I occupied the throne of both crowns.
May 13, 1488
Bartolomeu Dias routeBartolomeu was the first navigator that travelled far from the South Atlantic, thanks to him Vasco da Gama could discovered a new route.
He rounded the Cape of Good Hope in the tip of Africa, opening the sea route to the Indian Ocean.
This video explains Bartolomeu Dias route.
Aug 3, 1492
Expedition of Christopher ColumbusHe was convenced he could reach eastern coast of Asia crossing the Atlantic Ocean, beacuse he thought that the Earth round not flat.
Columbus left the port of Palos de la Frontera (Huelva) with ninety sailors and three ships the Pinta, the Niña and the Santa María.
They came back the 12 October 1492.
After the first expedition, Columbus made three more ones.
In the video appear things that Columbus discovered in America.
May 7, 1494
Treaty of TordesillasPortugal and Spain created great overseas empires. It was created to prevent problems between the two countries.
Portugal received Africa, Asia and Brazil. Castile received territories west of the line, most of the territories in the Americas.
These explorations marked the begining of European supremacy over the rest of the world.
Jul 8, 1497
Vasco da Gama routeVasco da Gama reched India, there was a new route between Europe and Asia which did not go through the territories controlled by the Turks.
This video shows and explain the route that Vasco da Gama tooks through the Indian Ocean.
Jan 1, 1500
Cultural change: The RenaissanceThe picture represent 'The Birth of Venus' by Botticelli (Quattrocento).
The Renaissance style first appeared in Italy in the 14th century, but it spread in the 15th and 16th centuries. There were two periods Quattrocento (15th century) and Cinquecento (16th century).
This video talks about the renaissance.
This is a quiz about the Renaissance if you want to test you.
Jan 1, 1515
Lutheran ReformationIn 1515, Pope Leo X granted indulgences (a document that the Pope sent out that bought the pardon of the sins) to people who helped to finance the construction of St. Peter's Basilica.
This video talks about Martin Luther, that wrote 95 Theses in which he strongly criticised the Pope.
Aug 10, 1519
Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastian Elcano expeditionMagellan and Elcano wanted to find a new passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans to the Moluccas in Asia.
This video explains the route that they took.
Jan 1, 1545
The Counter-ReformationIt was a reform movement in the Catolic Church, its goal was to stop protestant movements and improve conditions in the Church.
In 1545 the Council of Trent met and adopted different resolutions.
Golden Age of Spanish paintingIt was a period of greatest splendour.
Spanish Barroque style is characterised by realism and strong emotion.
Some spanish barroque painters were Velázquez, Ribera, Zurbarán and Murillo.
This video explain this important period about
Scientific DiscoveriesIn 1606 Galileo begins his astronomical observations.
In 1628 the english doctor W. Harvey presents his theories about the blood circulation.
In 1644 Torricelli invents the mercurio barometer.
In 1662 R. Boyle invents the pneumatic pump.
In 1665 was the first blood transfusion.
In 1669 was when the gravitational universal law of Newton.
In 1687 was when the action-reaction law of Newton.