Key Terms Research

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    Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott brought s meeting together in 1848 to debate women's suffrage at the Seneca Falls Convention.Groups such as suffragists, temperance groups, reform-minded politicians, and women's social welfare organizations cae together and voted for women's suffrage, causing a huge push towrds it, in the early 1900's.The two women and Susan B. Antony tried for 50 years.Their hard work paid off, in 1920, the 19th ammendment was passed to allow women to vote.
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    Susan B. Anthony

    With the help of Elizabeth Stanton, Anthony created the American Equal Right Associaltion in 1866. The two of them then founded the National Women Suffrage Association in 1896. Susan started getting tired of giving speeches and trying to convince the nation that they should allow women to vote. In 1872, Anthony illegally voted in a presidential election. She fought the charges, but lost, so she ended up with a $100 fine that she never paid.
  • Homestead Act

    The Homestead Act allowed settlements to be opened in the Western United States. This allowed Americans, and any freed slaves, to claim up to 160 acres of federal land.
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    Andrew Carnegie

    Andrew Carnegie opened his first steel plant. It was named after J. Edgar Thompson (president of the Pennsylvania Railroad). Later on, he recieved a huge order from that company, which allowed him to make money from the depression in the 1890's. In 1900, he was in control of a fourth of the steel output within teh nation.
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    Ida B. Wells

    In 1884, Ida Wells bought a first-class train ticket. One of the train worker demanded that she moved to the African American car. Wells refused to move, so they forcibly threw her off the train, but she bit one the worker while they tried to do so. Wells sued the company, winning $500, but was overturned by the Tennesse Supreme Court. In 1891, she started being a vocal critic against "Black Only" schools. This caused her to lose her job as a teacher in a segregated school.
  • The Harmarket Riot

    On this day, there was a protest going on by Chicago's Haymarket Square. Someone decided to throw a bomb at the police guarding the area, then it turned into a riot. Eight people lost their lives, and eight labor activists were found to have connections with the bombing that day. This was a setback for the organized labor movement.
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act took away the Native American reservations. Those reservations were sold among the Americans living around those areas at that time.
  • Jane Addams

    With teh help of Starr, Jane Addams opened one the first settlements in the United States. It was called the Hull House and it was located in Chicago. It gave jobs to the immigrants and poor people in the area.
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    Eugene V. Debs

    Debs became the president of the American Railway Union in 1893. He participated in the Pullman Strike, which went against the Pullman Company of Chicago (1894).
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    Klondike Gold Rush

    Three men named Jim Mason, Tagish Charlie, and George Carmack found a nugget of gold in Rabbit Creek (inside Yukon-territory of Canada). About 30,000 people out of 100,000 made to the area after they traveled many miles. They traveled to the city of Dawson, making it one of teh largest. About $1 billion was found in total. Once gold was found in Nome, Alaska, most of the people left Dawson.
  • Teddy Roosevelt

    Roosevelt was interested in the Spanish-American War. He left his position in government and created the Rough Riders, which was a calvary of volunteers. He led a charge up San Juan Hill in the Battle of San Juan Heights. Roosevelt became a war hero, was nominated for a Medal of Honor, and was elected governer in New York.
  • Pure Food and Drug Act

    This act made sure that food stayed "pure". It was mandatory for federal inspectors to inspect meat products. It also made sure that all meat that was contaminated in any way was not made, given away, or transported.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow almost destroyed his career as a general attorney in 1912. He defended two union officials that were accused for murder within the dynamiting of the Los Angeles Times building. Darrow was attacked before the trial finished because he bribed the judge. He was not found guilty for doing this, though.
  • 16th Amendment

    The 16th Amendment added taxes to all money people recieve (income tax). These taxes were needed to be able to afford to make changes or add things for roads, development, and for the Army.
  • 17th Amendment

    This Amendment made it so that Senators for each state were decided by popular vote. It also made sure that each Senator recieved a term of 6 years.
  • Federal Reserve Act

    This act was created mainly because there were many financial problems occuring at that time. It was supposed to create financial stability. This Act led to the creation of the Ferderal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Act allowed the Federal Reserve System to control and watch over banks, but also create and determine the rate at which each bank's money supply grew.
  • 18th Amendment

    The 18th amendment was ratified on January 16, 1919. It forbid the creation, selling, and delivery of alcohol in the U.S. Suprisingly, it didn't ban the buying or consumption of alcohol. This amendment began the Prohibition Era. It was reappealed by the 21st Amendment on December 5, 1933
  • 19th Amendment

    The 19th amendment was ratified on August 1t, 1920, This allowed women to have the right to vote, basically not allowing a person to have their right to vote taken away based on their gender. This amendment was ratified from the Women's Suffrage Movement. Suan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Canton led this movement. They fought for many years to give women the rights they deserved.
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    Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    President Harding ordered that the Departmant of the Interior was to recieve control of naval oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming and Elk Hills, California from the Navy Department. Albert B. Fall, secretary of teh Interior, leased the Teapot Fields out to Harry F. Sinclair, who then leased it out to Edward L. Doheny. This led to a Senate Investigation, which then went to criminal prosecutions. The U.S. Government recieved the fields through a Supreme Court decision in 1927.