Dust bowl

Key Terms 5: 1920's & 30's

  • Frances willard

    Frances willard
    Frances Willard was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist from Churchill, New York. Her influence played a big part in the passage of the 18th and 19th amendments of the Constitution. She was born September 28th, 1839. She died February 17th, 1898 in New York City.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    Clarence Darrow was a lawyer, leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform and an author from Kinsman, Ohio. He was born April 18th, 1857 and died in March 13th, 1938 in Chicago Illinois. He was famous for his involvement in the Scopes Trial of July 21st, 1925.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    William Jennings Bryan was an orator and politician from Nebraska, U.S. and a dominant force in the populist part of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party's nominee for President of the United States. He was a former U.S secretary of State. He was born in March 19th, 1860, and died in July 26th 1925. He made a speech called the cross of gold.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Henry Ford was an American Industrialist and founder of the Motor Ford company, who was born in Michigan in 1863. He was also involved/sponsored the development of the assembly line of mass production. He died April 7th, 1947.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Franklin D. Roosevelt
    Frank Delano Roosevelt was the president of the United States during World War 2. He was the first and still the only U.S president to be elected for a fourth term. Overall, he relieved the the severity of World War two and provided jobs for the unemployed. He died April 12, 1945.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism was a 19th century theory based off of regular Darwinism, that believed the social order is accounted as the product of natural selection to people best suited to existing living conditions in accordance with the laissez-faire. It is a form of sociology. It was popular from 1885-1890.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    Marcus Garvey was a political leader, publisher, journalist, and entrepreneur (that supported the Pan- Africanism movement) from Jamaica. He was born August 17th, 1887 and died in 1940 in London, England.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    Langston Hughes was an American poet, social activist, novelist, play writer, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. He was very ahead of his time in the literary art form of Jazz poetry. He was born February 1st, 1902. He died May 22nd 1967 in New York City.
  • Charles A. Lindbergh

    Charles A. Lindbergh
    Charles A. Lindbergh was an American aviator (someone who created/flew planes, in other words a pilot), an officer in the military (specifically the Army), author of The Spirit of St. Louis, inventor and an environmental activist from Detroit, Michigan. He was born February 4th, 1902. He was the first man to fly across the Atlantic ocean.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    Eleanor Roosevelt was an amazing first lady. She was one of the most influential and outspoken women in the White House, and she married Frank Roosevelt in 1905. During his presidency, Eleanor gave press conferences and wrote a newspaper column. She worked for Women's suffrage.
  • Federal Reserve system

    Federal Reserve system
    The Federal Reserve System, also known as the FRS, is the central bank of the U.S. The Fed, as it is commonly known, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. It was created in 1913. Like other central banks, The FRS is an independent government agency but is also accountable to the public and Congress.
  • The great migration

    The great migration
    The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern U.S to the urban North-east, Midwest, and West. This occurred between 1910 and 1970, so it took a very long time overall. Segregation influenced this. It was the act of African Americans trying to escape segregated areas.
  • The first Red scare

    The first Red scare
    The red scare took place after World War one had ended, so during the Early 1900's. It took hold in the U.S. It was a time when the United states had a widespread fear of Bolshevism and anarchism, due to real and imagined events; real events included those such as the Russian Revolution. Ultimately it was the fear of Immigrants, particularly Russians taking over the U.S Government. Which we still worry about to this day. Rates of employment decreased and production of goods declined.
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem renaissance was an African American movement in order to gain respect for the Black culture and art. It took place in New York during the 1920's. Some people that were involved were Claud Mckay, Alain Leroy Locke, and Aaron Douglas.
  • Warren G. Harding return to normalcy

    Warren G. Harding return to normalcy
    Return to normalcy was a speech given by Warren G. Harding. It was another way of saying "return to the way you were before the war started." Also, during that time, WW1 had just started, so that was their way of saying or persuading to ditch the ways of ww1 and update to now. It was his promise to the U.S.
  • Prohibition

    Prohibition in the U.S ha started in the 1920's. Many alcohol saloons and businesses had to go out of business because of the prohibition and temperance movement. And due to this, crime rates and illegal activity had overall increased.
  • Jazz

    Jazz is an American-born type of music because it originated in America, and was very popular during the 1920's. It was very much associated with the Harlem renaissance. Many had began to call it the Jazz age.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    Teapot Dome Scandal, also called Oil Reserves Scandal, is a scandal of the early 1920s surrounding the secret leasing of federal oil reserves by the secretary of it. It was a bribery incident that took place in the U.S from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding. It is named after the Wyoming rock.
  • Scopes Trial

    Scopes Trial
    the Scopes Trial was named after John Thomas Scopes who was a substitute high school teacher that taught the science of evolution to students which, at the time, was illegal. The case was formally known as Tennessee vs. John Scopes, and was also known as the Scopes Monkey trial. It began on July 21st, 1925 and ended later that same day. The case ended with a guilty verdict.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The great depression was by far the worst economic downfall in U.S history, and the longest at that. It had began after a stock market crash and millions of people became unemployed since. It started in 1929 and ended by the second world war.
  • Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash "Black Tuesday"
    Stock market crash of October 29th 1929, also called the Great Crash, was a decline in U.S. stock market values that contributed to the Great Depression in the 1930's. The Great Depression lasted about ten years and affected both industrialized and nonindustrialized countries in many parts of the world, Hence the reason It was called black Tuesday. The Dow Jones Industrial average fell twelve percent.
  • Relief Recovery Reform

    Relief Recovery Reform
    The Relief, Recovery and Reform programs, also known as the Three R's, was introduced by President FDR during the Great Depression. It's purpose was to address the problems of mass unemployment and the economic crisis and ultimately relieve the stresses and and suffering resulting from the Great Depression. This system was created in 1929 and was used until the end of World War 2, which was also the end of the Depression.
  • The 20th amendment

    The 20th amendment
    The 20th amendment is the amendment that sets the dates that the federal U.S government elected offices end. It also defines who succeeds the president if the president happens to die. This amendment was ratified on January 23, 1933.
  • TVA

    TVA stands for the Tennessee Valley Authority. The TVA is a nationally owned corporation in the U.S, created by congressional charter in May 18, 1933. It's purpose was to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development to the Tennessee Valley. The CEO is William D. Johnson. It was founded by FDR and George W. Norris.
  • FDIC

    The FDIC stands for The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. It is the United States corporation that insures deposits against bank failure. It basically keeps banks from going out of business and restores trust in the American banking system. IT was created in June, 1933 and we still use it to this day.
  • 21st amendment

    21st amendment
    The Twenty-first Amendment to the U.S Constitution repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, which had mandated nationwide Prohibition of alcohol on January 16, 1919. The Twenty-first Amendment was ratified on December 5, 1933. This amendment basically replaced the 18th amendment which banned alcoholism. So in turn, alcohol was now legal again because the prohibition of it actually had worse effects on the economy. No money was being made and people were protesting and acting out against the law.
  • Securities and Exchange Commission

    Securities and Exchange Commission
    The Securities and Exchange Commission, also known as the SEC is a Federal agency that ensures the safety of the people concerning fraud and intentional deception. It oversees securities transactions, activities of finances, and mutual fund trading. It was created June 6th, 1934. It's founder is FDR, the president at the time.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    The New Deal was created by president Franklin D. Roosevelt to help the people who lived during the Great Depression. It was made up of a variety of different organizations. Although some of the organization were declared unconstitutional, it still made an great impact on employment rates.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that intensely damaged the economy and agriculture of the U.S. and Canadian lands during the 1930s.It consisted of drought and crop failure which resulted in an economic depression. Hence, farming methods were invented to prevent wind erosion and damage to their crops. The dust bowl began in 1935, and a total of 38 storms occurred in one day. (The most recorded.)
  • Social Security Admin.

    Social Security Admin.
    The SSA was created to provide social security to the community and keep them safer. For example, it includes retirement plans, disability benefits, and survivor of the war and depression benefits. It was founded August 14th, 1935 and still remains today.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer and photojournalist. She was best known for her Depression-era work for the FSA. She was born May 26th, 1895. She died October 11, 1965.
  • Tin Pan alley

    Tin Pan alley
    Tin pan alley was a name given to refer to the New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the music of the U.S in the late 1800's to the early 1900's.