Aa freedom

Key Events in African American History

By kaalti
  • Washington D.C.

    Washington D.C.
    In 1862 slavery was abolished in Washington D.C. This meant now, African Americans in Washington D.C. were slaves they were free.
  • Period: to

    Key Events

    timeline
  • Congress

    Congress
    Congress permits the enlistment of black soldiers in the US army. This now meant that balck soldiers were allowed to fight for the United States Army.
  • Lincoln

    Lincoln
    Lincoln anounces that there is the Emancipation Proclamation. This stated that all slaves were to be free.
  • Susie King Taylor

    Susie King Taylor
    Susie King Taylor of Savannah is the first black army nurse in United States History.
  • Unlawful

    Unlawful
    Lincoln declared slavery in Federal States unlawful. This stated that if you still had slaves after the Emancipation Proclamation you would be breaking the law.
  • Fort Pillow

    Fort Pillow
    Fort Pillow Massacre was awful. 300 out of the 585 soldiers were killed that day. It was a bloody battle.
  • The Bill

    The Bill
    Congress passed a bill authorizing equal pay, equipment, arms, and health care for African American troops in the Union Army. Now black men were receiving the same as a white man in the army.
  • Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler

    Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler
    Dr. Rebecca Lee Crumpler of Boston is the first African American woman to earn a medical degree. She graduated from the New England Female Medical College in Boston.
  • La Tribune de la Nouvelle Orleans

    La Tribune de la Nouvelle Orleans
    On October 4th, La Tribune de la Nouvelle Orleans begins publication. The Tribune is the first black-owned daily newspaper.
  • Martin R. Delany

    Martin R. Delany
    Martin R. Delany's appointed as Major by President Abraham Lincoln. This makes him the highest ranked African American officer during the civil war.
  • Emancipation

    Emancipation
    Enslaved African Americans in Texas finally recieved news of their emancipation. From that point the commemorated that day as Jeneteenth.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    Between September abd November, a number of ex-Confederate states pass so called Black Codes. These put limits on what the newly freed blacks could do.
  • Memphis, Tennessee Massacre

    Memphis, Tennessee Massacre
    On May 1-3, white civilians and police in Memphis, Tennessee killed 46 African Americans and injured more. They burned ninety houses, twelve schools, and four chruches. Some know this as the Memphis Massacre
  • African Americans can vote in DC

    African Americans can vote in DC
    On January 8, overriding President Andrew Johnson's veto, Congress grants the black citizens of the District of Columbia the right to vote. Two days later it passes the Territorial Suffrage Act which allows African Americans in western territories to vote.
  • John Willis Menard

    John Willis Menard
    On November 3, John Willis Menard is elected to Congress from Louisiana's Second Congressional District. Menard is the first African American elected to Congress. However, neither he nor his opponent will be seated due to disputed election results.
  • George Lewis Ruffin

    George Lewis Ruffin
    George Lewis Ruffin is the first African American to recieve a law degree from and institution when he graduates from Harvard Law School.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    This gave black men the right to vote. Now black men were able to vote for the United States.
  • Hiram R. Revels

    Hiram R. Revels
    Hiram R. Revels (Republican) of Mississippi takes his seat in the U.S. Senate on February 25. He is the first black United States senator, though he serves only one year, completing the unexpired term of Jefferson Davis.
  • Freedom

    Freedom
    Around 1874 Jane and the other slaves get news that they are free from the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    "Jim Crow" laws were enacted in Tennessee. Now black men were treated "seperated but equal".
  • Supreme Courts

    Supreme Courts
    1880 The U.S. Supreme Court in Strauder v. West Virginia rules that African Americans cannot be excluded from juries solely on the basis of race.
  • Spelman College

    Spelman College
    Spelman College, the first college for black women in the U.S., is founded on April 11 by Sophia B. Packard and Harriet E. Giles.
  • Civil Rights Cases

    Civil Rights Cases
    On October 16, U. S. Supreme Court in a decision known as the Civil Rights Cases declares invalid the Civil Rights Act of 1875, stating the Federal Government cannot bar corporations or individuals from discriminating on the basis of race.
  • International League

    International League
    On July 14, 1887, the directors of the International League (Major League Baseball) voted to prohibit the signing of additional black players while allowing those under contract such as Frank Grant of Buffalo and Moses Fleetwood Walker of Syracuse franchise, to remain with their teams through the 1888 season. By 1889 blacks were no longer players in Major League Baseball.
  • Intercollegiate football game

    Intercollegiate football game
    First intercollegiate football game between African American colleges takes place between Biddle University (now Johnson C. Smith University) and Livingston College.
  • W.E.B Du Bois

    W.E.B Du Bois
    In June, W.E.B. Du Bois becomes the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University.
  • Plessy v. Furguson

    Plessy v. Furguson
    Plessy Vs. Furguson case represented the idea of "seperate but equal.' Which indicates that blacks and whites can be legally seperated but both facilities had to be the same.
  • The American Negro Academy

    The American Negro Academy
    The American Negro Academy is established, in Washington D.C. to encourage african american participation in art, literature, and philosophy.
  • The Spanish American War

    The Spanish American War
    The Black PastThe Spanish American War begins April 21, 1898, sixteen regiments of black volunteers are recruited. Five african americans won congressional medals of honor during the war. A number of black officers commanded troops for the first time.
  • NAACP

    NAACP
    The 20 Most important eventsAt the united charities building, in New York City approximatley 300 blacks and whites met up and formed the NAACP.
  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    This organization was founded in New York.For the next half century, it would serve as the country's most influential African-American civil rights organization, dedicated to political equality and social justice In 1910,
  • Great Migration

    Great Migration
    Blacks and whites migrated North, which changed the demographic and the future of America. Many went to chicago, Pittsburhg and othe major industrial centers. The Great Migration was the mass movement of about five million southern blacks to the north and west between 1915 and 1960.
  • Kaylee's Great Grandma

    Dorothy Wilber
  • First black secratary

    First black secratary
    James Weldon Johnson became the first black secratary. Born in 1871, over sixty-seven years Johnson was the first African American admitted to the Florida bar, the co-composer of 'Lift Every Voice and Sing,' the song that would later become known as the Negro National Anthem; field secretary in the NAACP; journalist; publisher; diplomat; educator; translator; librettist; anthologist; and English professor;
  • Alex's Grandpa

    Alex's Grandpa
    Stan Humphrey
  • High Waters

    The high water was caused by men who wanted to control the rivers. The high waters destroyed Neds school that he built.
  • Congress man

    Congress man
    Oscar DePriest became the first black congressman elected to 71st Congress from Chicago's South Side. He was from the North and was the first African american in Congress since the end of the first Reconstruction.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression hits America because the stock market collapsing. Affecting the whole country but more so the African Americans. They were traumatized by the high unemployment rates. Black businesses suffered so did everyone elses as well.
  • Scottsboro

    Scottsboro
    Nine black youths are indicted in Scottsboro, Ala., on charges of having raped two white women. The southern jury sentenced them to death. In a third trial, four of the Scottsboro boys are freed; but five are sentenced to long prison terms.
  • Accoused

    Accoused
    Nine African American youths are accused of raping two white women, and tried for their lives and quickly convicted in Scottsboro, Alabama. The "Scottsboro Boys" case attracts national attention and will help fuel the civil rights movement.
  • Tee Bob

    Tee Bob
    Tee Bob commits suicide after learning he can never be with Mary Agnes. Robert, Tee Bob's father, blames Mary Agnes for Tee Bob's death,
  • Marian ANderson

    Marian ANderson
    Singer Marian Anderson is denied permission by the Daughters of the American Revolution to sing at their hall in Washington, D.C., because she is African American. Anderson performs at the Lincoln Memorial instead, before an audience of 75,000.
  • Benjamin O. Davis Sr.

    Benjamin O. Davis Sr.
    Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., becomes the first African American general in the U.S. Army.
  • Tuskegee Institute

    Tuskegee Institute
    The first training program for African American pilots is established at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. The Tuskegee Airmen serve heroically in World War II.
  • Ebony Magazine

    Ebony Magazine
    Ebony, a magazine about African American life and achievements, is founded and becomes an instant success.
  • Jimmy is the "One"

    Jimmy is the "One"
    Some time in 1940, Jimmy is thought to be the "One" who will save them all.
  • Jackie Robinson

    Jackie Robinson
    Baseball great Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to break the color barrier and be allowed to play in the major leagues
  • Intergrated U.S. armed forces

    Intergrated U.S. armed forces
    African Americans were involved in all of the wars but it wasnt till after World War 2 that President Harry S. Truman issues an executive order integrating the U.S. armed forces.
  • Brown Vs, Board of Education

    Brown Vs, Board of Education
    Racial segragation in schools are declared unconstitutional.Many kids were unable to attend school because of segragation and because of were they lived.
  • African American brutally murdered

    African American brutally murdered
    After a black man whistled at a white women, two white men brutally murdered the colored man. The public outrage generated by the case helps spur the civil rights movement.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. Parks soon became a international icon or resistance to racial segragation.
  • "Little Rock Nine"

    "Little Rock Nine"
    Taken place at little rock highschool, a group of african american students enrolled. On their first day of school, troops from the Arkansas National Guard would not let them enter the school and they were followed by mobs making threats to lynch.
  • SNCC

    SNCC
    A organization knowned as the SNCC is created. The full name is Student Nonviolent coordinating committee. This organization provided young blacks with a place in the civil rights movement.
  • Woolworth's

    Woolworth's
    Four African American college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., launching a wave of similar protests across the South.
  • Jimmy Arressted

    Jimmy Arressted
    Jimmy is arrested along with Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    African American radical Malcolm X becomes national minister of the Nation of Islam. He rejects the nonviolent civil-rights movement and integration, and becomes a champion of African American separatism and black pride. At one point he states that equal rights should be secured "by any means necessary," a position he later revises.