Key Events and People of World War II

By kuromi8
  • Japan takes over Manchuria

    Japan took Manchuria in order to expand it's empire. First, Japan bombed it's own railroad and claimed that China actually did the damage. In this way, they created an excuse to attack China and conquer Manchuria.
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    Benito Mussolini's time in power during WWII

    Benito Mussolini was the leader of Fascist Italy. Mussolini's official time in power started long before World War II, on October 30, 1922.
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    Josef Stalin's time in power during World War II

    Josef Stalin was the communist leader of the USSR in Russia. His ruled extended from much before World War II, from 1924, to after the war, to 1953.
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    The Holocaust

    ID on separate paper, along with bibliography
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    Adolf Hitler's time in power during WWII

    Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany. He was a ruthless leader who discriminated against and wiped out those who were not of the Aryan race, or the race that he considered to be perfect. His rule started when he became Chancellor and ended with him committing suicide.
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    Italy invades and conquers Ethiopia

    ID on separate paper
  • Hitler sends troops into the Rhineland

    When Hitler sent his troops into the Rhineland, which was an area near the border of France, he broke the Treaty of Versailles by storming a demilitarized region. This invasion is an example of Hitler's defiance to the Treaty and the Western democracies' weakness through appeasement.
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    The Spanish Civil War

    Started by a revolt led by Fransisco Franco, the Spanish Civil War resulted in Franco becoming the new leader of Spain and setting up a fascist government.
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    Fransisco Franco's time in power during WWII

    Fransisco Franco was officially in power long after World War 2: until November 20th, 1975. He became the fascist leader of Spain through his large amount of support and aid during the Spanish Civil War.
  • Air raid on Guernica

    In support for Fransisco Franco's side during the Spanish Civil War, German air forces use massive bombing and machine-gun techniques on Guernica. This killed almost 1,000 innocent people, and yet the Germans saw it as only an experiment to try out their new technology.
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    Neville Chamberlain's time in power during World War II

    Neville Chamberlain was the Prime Minister of Britain before Winston Churchill.
  • Anschluss with Austria

    With the Anschluss, Hitler's goal was to annex Austria to Germany and turn both countries to one. The leader of Austria did not approve of this idea, but Hitler went forth with it anyway, making a speech to show that he was the new leader and sending his army in to keep his will.
  • Munich Conference

    This was a conference held during Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia. Here, leaders of Britain and France agreed on letting Hitler take what he wanted and coaxed Czechoslovakia to give in without questioning as well.
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    Bernard Law Montgomery's time of power in World War II

    Bernard Law Montgomery was a military commander of Britain.
  • Annexation of Czechoslovakia

    ID on separate paper
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact

    ID on separate paper
  • Invasion of Poland

    This event was what officially started World War II. When Hitler invaded Poland, Britain and France realized that appeasement wasn't working anymore, so they declareed war on Germany.
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    Winston Churchill's time in power during World War II

    ID on separate paper
  • Formation of the "Free French"

    Formed by Charles De Gaulle, the Free French were an organized group of revolters. They all believed that France should not give up fighting against Germany, and their riots were aimed towards the occupied German troops in France.
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    Charles De Gaulle's time in power during WWII

    Charled De Gaulle reigned France long after World War II until April 28th, 1969.
    ID on separate paper.
  • France falls to Germany

    With Germany and Italy both attacking, France was overwhelmed. Thus, the country surrendered. Hitler set up two new governments if France: In the North, Germany ruled completely, but in the South, Hitler ruled under a puppet state.
  • Hitler forms Vichy France

    Thee puppet state in Southern France formed after the country surrendered. This was one of the two new governments created by Hitler; the second being Northen France, where Germany ruled directly.
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    Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain consisted of months of Germany's Blitzkreig, or intense warfare using new and improved technology, directed at Britain. This was to prepare for Operation Sea Lion, or invasion of Germany. However, because Germany's air force could not outfight Britain's, Operation Sea Lion could not be taken into effect.
  • Formation of Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis

    ID on separate paper
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    Operation Barbarossa

    During this time, Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet pact by invading Soviet Russia. He did this in search of natural resources.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    The Japanese bombing of Hawaii's Pearl Harbor is what drove America out of its state of neutrality. The country declared war on Japan, thus siding against the Axis Powers.
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    Battle of Midway

    This was a turning point battle during the war between the US and Japan. The US attacked completely from the air and demolished Japanese troops. After this battle, Japan was not able to start any more attacks.
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    Battle of Stalingrad

    A turning point battle between Germany and the Soviet Union. Hitler wanted resources from Russia, but Stalin wasn't about to give up without a fight. Germany was forced to surrender when its troops were surrounded by the Soviet army.
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    Battle of El Alamein

    Led by General Bernard Montgomery Law, Britain's troops helped the Allies to push the Axis Powers' troops away into Tunisia.
  • D-Day

    This was a unexpected attack by the Allies in German-occupied Normandy, France. Soldiers from every which way- including by sea, land, and air- stormed the coast. It was the largest anphibious attack ever known.
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    Battle of the Bulge

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    Battle of Iwo Jima

    This battle was part of the USA's "island-hopping" method, or reclaiming of some islands from Japan while skipping over others. Battles on the islands of Iwo Jima included Kamikaze warriors, or Japanese pilot suicide bombers, who intentionally flew their planes into American warships.
  • V-E Day

    This was the day of Victory in Europe. Mussolini was captured and killed, Hitler committed suicide, and Germany surrendered, ending the war in Europe in favor of the Allies.
  • First atomic bomb dropped on Japan

    This bomb dropped on Hiroshima took over 70,000 lives from initial destruction alone; more people were factored in from the radiation of the bomb. However, this did not put an end to Japan's fighting.
  • Second atomic bomb dropped on Japan

    The second nuclear bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, took 40,000 more people. After seeing this damage, Japan finally surrendered from its war with America.
  • V-J Day

    This was the day when America achieved victory over Japan. After America bombed Japan for the second time, emperor Hirohito got involved and forced his country to surrender. This marks the end of World War II.