Jazz History

Timeline created by whitneykaee
In Music
  • Slaves Improvise at Congo Square

    Slaves Improvise at Congo Square
    LA
  • Jazz born in New Orleans

    Jazz born in New Orleans
    Most musical city, New Orleans. Center of slave trade. The slaves created Jazz in a way to let go of their sadness and feel better. "Jazz is about freedom."
    DA
  • Minstral Shows

    Minstral Shows
    Whites dressed up as blacks. "Why'd the chicken cross the road" came from menstral shows. Menstral shows were the best forms of entertainment.
    DA
  • Jim Crow laws

    Jim Crow laws
    Jim Crow laws start and try to put down black people
    kw
  • Period: to

    Civil War

    DA
  • Blue's

    The St. Louis BluesSInging about you problems and getting ride of them by singing
    kw
  • Period: to

    Buddy Bolden A.H

    Also known as King Bolden. He had a huge sound and "created" Rag-time. He was a heavy drinker.
  • Period: to

    Sidney Bechet

    It was said that Sidney was as good as Armstrong
  • Spirituals, Minstral Bands, and Ragtime

    Spirituals, Minstral Bands, and Ragtime
    Kids liked ragtime because their parents resented it. Rebellious. DA
  • Blacks & Whites traincar separation

    Blacks & Whites traincar separation
    DA
  • Period: to

    Jelly Roll Morton

    DA
  • More Segregation Creols ruined

    More Segregation Creols ruined
    DA
  • Period: to

    Duke Ellington

    DA
  • Bix's Life WA

    Bix's Life   WA
    His father did not want his to play Jazz music at all
    From the age of 3 he showed musical talent
    His brother showed him the Original Dixieland Jazz Band
    Louis Armstrong was his inspiration
    His parents put him in a strict boarding school in Illinois
    Within 1 week, he got his way into a black Jazz band on the south side
    He went to the city so much to see his favorite musicians that he got expelled
    His father was very angry and sent him to work in his coal mining business
    He went to Chicago
    He play
  • Jellyroll was the first person to write down Jazz music

    Jellyroll was the first person to write down Jazz music
    He thought he invented Jazz!
    LA
  • Period: to

    Louis Armstrong

    DA
  • Buddy Bolden ends up in Luisiana State Insane Asylum

    Buddy Bolden ends up in Luisiana State Insane Asylum
  • Bechet is arested in Pairs

    Bechet is arested in Pairs
    He get into a fight over a cord change and challneges a guy to a gun fight in down town pairs at 4:30 during rush hour. Misses his target and hits a girl in the back of the leg. Then was thrown out of Europe.
    Kw
  • Period: to

    Lester Young

    DA
  • John Henry Hammond Jr's Life WA

    John Henry Hammond Jr's Life   WA
    could barely carry a tune, but he was a very famous, he was born in 1910
    He was born in wealth, raised in a mansion in New York
    When he was 12 he heard his first live Jazz band
    He believed that black musicians were not getting the attention they deserved
    He had somewhere where they could play
    He loved Jazz music
    Without him, a lot of Jazz musicians would not have been discovered
  • George Gershwin combined the element of orchestra into Jazz

    George Gershwin combined the element of orchestra into Jazz
    LA
  • Period: to

    World War I

    DA
  • Billie Holliday was born

    Billie Holliday was born
    DA
  • Period: to

    Billie Holiday

    DA
  • Period: to

    Billy Strayhorn

    DA
  • The "Originial Dixieland Jazz Band" was the first Jazz band ever recorded

    The "Originial Dixieland Jazz Band" was the first Jazz band ever recorded
    LA
  • Period: to

    Thelonious Monk

    DA
  • African Americans gain some freedoms

    African Americans gain some freedoms
    Like baseball players, Institutions, and banks. DA
  • Charlie Parkers life WA

    Charlie Parkers life  WA
    Charlie Parker was from Kansas City, Missouri, he was born in 1920
    His father was a tap dancer who turned into a coal miner, he was a heavy drinker
    His father bought him a saxophone when he was 13
    He played songs twice the pace that they are supposed to be played
    He dropped out of school because he decided that he did not need it because he was going to be a Jazz musician
    He drank and used marijuana, because he could stay up all night and play music, he was 15
    He married at 16
    He had a child at
  • Period: to

    Charlie Parker

    DA
  • louis armstrong got married again

    louis armstrong got married again
    Feb 5th, 1924 Louis Armstrong got married to his second wife in Chicago
  • luis quit hendersons band

    luis quit hendersons band
    In November 1925, he quit Henderson’s band to play in his own band.
  • Period: to

    Miles Davis

    DA
  • Bessy smith sang about her life

    Bessy smith sang about her life
    She sang about her life which was poor and she sang it in the form of the blues
  • KKK interupts Bessy's show

    KKK interupts Bessy's show
    In July 1927 they were playing in a tent with 12 KKK members and she refused to run and they left
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    Stock market crashed. 1 / 4 of the workers were out of work.
  • fats waller wa

    fats waller         wa
    Fats Waller, over 300 lbs and is over 6’ tall
    He lives in NYC
    He eats and drank a lot of liquor
    James P. Johnson was his mentor
    He sold over 400 songs to publishers
    Because they paid him poorly, he would often sell the same song more than once
  • Period: to

    Clifford Brown

    DA
  • Death of Buddy Bolden

    Death of Buddy Bolden
    in 1931 Buddy Bolden died in the asylum.
    WA
  • Rosevelt Elected presidency

    Rosevelt Elected presidency
    Spirits raised, prohibition appealed (more drinking!)
    DA
  • introduction of Billy Holliday (wa)

    introduction of Billy Holliday        (wa)
  • Armstrong is out of a job, stops recording

    Armstrong is out of a job, stops recording
    He doesn't record for two years.
    DA
  • Armstrong went home

    Armstrong went home
  • Ellingtons Mother dies

    Ellingtons Mother dies
  • Teenagers got the chance to see Benny Goodman play Jazz because he mainly only played for adults

    Teenagers got the chance to see Benny Goodman play Jazz because he mainly only played for adults
    LA
  • Benny Goodman/Chick Web "Battle of the Bands" at the Savoy

    Benny Goodman/Chick Web "Battle of the Bands" at the Savoy
  • Goodman disbands the band

    Goodman disbands the band
    He didn't like the fame so he gave up on the orchestra.
    DA
  • Period: to

    World War II

  • Period: to

    World War II

    DA
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • Savoy closed

    Savoy closed
    The Savoy it closed because whites and blacks where equals there. They even went home with each other.
    KW
  • Race Riots

    Race Riots
    Black people rioting in New York burning down White Businesses and looting them.
  • Jazz moves to 52 ST.

    Jazz moves to 52 ST.
    After savoy cloeses people go to 52 St. for Jazz music where Sailors and other service men hang out and have fun.
  • Jazz takes a turn into a new faster style

    Jazz takes a turn into a new faster style
  • Charlie Parker made records, got famous

    Charlie Parker made records, got famous
    DA
  • Swing started to end

    Swing started to end
  • Bbop was created

    Bbop was created
    DA
  • miles davis in 1948 to 1950 music wa

    miles davis in 1948 to 1950 music        wa
    Miles Davis was a really big name in Jazz evolution
    He was the next stage in 1948-1950
  • Members of Dizzys Band made their own band

    Members of Dizzys Band made their own band
    DA
  • Charlie Parker kicks his habits temperarily

    Charlie Parker kicks his habits temperarily
    DA
  • Elvis wa

    Elvis       wa
    Elvis was rhythm and blues
  • Armstrong began defending Black Rights

    Armstrong began defending Black Rights
    DA
  • armstrong heart attack

    armstrong heart attack
    Summer 1959 Armstrong has a heart attack
    He was back to playing after 2 weeks
  • Wynton Marsails born

    Wynton Marsails born
    As good as louis armstrong
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    DA
  • Duke Ellington Gets award from Nixion

    Duke Ellington Gets award from Nixion
    He shoke hand with Nixion and kiss his checks twice
    He said one for each check
  • British Invasion (Beatles meet America)

    British Invasion (Beatles meet America)
    DA
  • Louis Armstrong Dies

    Louis Armstrong Dies
    Armstrong died of a heart attack in his sleep on July 6, 1971, a month before his 70th birthday, and 11 months after playing a famous show at the Waldorf-Astoria's Empire Room.
  • Ellington got Lung Cancer

    Ellington got Lung Cancer
    DA
  • Dexter Gordon Comes Back to US

    Dexter Gordon Comes Back to US
    He went to New York City and returns to his club the village vanguard. It helped bring some people back to jazz.
    Kw
  • Wynton joins art blakey's band

    Wynton joins art blakey's band
  • Dexter Gordon dies.

    Dexter Gordon dies.
    He dies and his wife closed the village vanguard for one day and they reopened it and has since run it to today.