1) Invention: Cugnot builds first self-propelled road vehicle
Nicolas Cugnot, a French military engineer developed a steam powered road-vehicle for the French army to haul heavy cannons.
Murdoch builds a working model of a steam carriage
Britain's first working model of a steam engine carriage
Evans is given the first automobile patent in the US
Later, in 1805, Evans created the first automobile in the USA and also the first amphibious vehicle, as his steam-powered vehicle was able to travel on wheels on land and through a paddle wheel in the water.
Trevithick builds a full-size steam road carriage
Builder of the first working railway steam locomotive
2) Discovery: First electric locomotive made
Robert Davidson built an electric locomotive that attained a speed of four miles an hour. Electric cars used rechargeable batteries that powered a small electric motor. The vehicles were heavy, slow, expensive, and needed to stop for recharging frequently.
Lenoir makes a car with internal combustion engine
Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir invented a two-stroke, internal combustion engine, that was fuelled by coal gas and triggered by an electric spark-ignition,
3) Diffusion: First Marcus car runs on gasoline
Siegfried Samuel Marcus was the first man to propel a car with gasoline.
Benz Motorwagon is the first commercially available automobile
Two former French wood machinists, Rene Panhard and Emile Levassor, set up the world’s first car manufacturers. Their first car was built in 1890 using a Daimler engine.
Benz makes first gasoline powered commercial auto
The first vehicles driven using internal combustion engines were developed roughly at the same time by two engineers working in separate parts of Germany – Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz.They simultaneously formulated highly successful and practically powered vehicles that, worked like the cars we use today.
Panhard et Levassor first motor company
The first company to form exclusively to build automobiles
Duryea company builds first American gasoline automobile
The first American firm to build gasoline automobiles
Lancaster builds one of first petrol car in UK
Oldsmobile becomes first car sold in high volumes
Dominated the veteran era of automobile production.
Ford introduces model A
Ford Motor Company formed
First Cadillacs introduced
Ford Model T makes automobile usage popular
By 1927, 15 million Model Ts had been manufactured. Workers on the production line assembled the car just in ninety-three minutes.
Cars made for racing purposes
Delage, Auto Union, Mercedes-Benz, Delahaye, and Bugatti constructing streamlined vehicles with engines producing up to 450 kW (612 hp), aided by multiple-stage supercharging.
Kettering invents electric starter for Cadillac
Charles Kettering invented the electric ignition and starter motor. Cars could now start themselves.
Kettering later introduced independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes.
Ford makes first moving assembly line for cars
Made it the biggest car manufacturer
First single foot pedal operates 4-wheel brakes
The Hispano-Suiza H6B, a French luxury car, demonstrates the first single foot pedal to operate coupled four-wheel brakes. Previously drivers had to apply a hand brake and a foot brake simultaneously.
First luxury cars made
Deusenberg uses four wheel hydraulic brake in US
The Duesenberg, made in Indianapolis, Indiana, is the first American car with four-wheel hydraulic brakes, replacing ones that relied on the pressure of the driver’s foot alone.
Power steering system introduced
Invented in the 1920s by Francis W. Davis and George Jessup in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Mercedes-Benz makes independant front suspension
Introduced the first modern independent front suspension system, which gave cars a smoother ride and better handling. By making each front wheel virtually independent of the other though attached to a single axle, independent front suspension minimizes the transfer of road shock from one wheel to the other.
First air conditioned cars
The Nash Motor Company adds the first air conditioning system to cars.
First built for the army
Airbag is invented
Invented by John W. Hetrick of Newport, PA, U.S. in 1951 and he patented the device the following year.
Car manufacturers go green
Manufacturers acknowledge that oil reserves will dry up in the future. Start to develop engines that use more than one fuel source – hybrid engines. Honda and Toyota initially introduced their petrol/electric hybrids to the Japanese market, before releasing them in America and Europe in 2002.
Ford introduce active park assist, back up cameras etc,