History of Swimming

Timeline created by uribegre000
  • Pre-Olympic Era

    Pre-Olympic
    There was a swimming competition in London on 1844 the British raced using breaststroke, while the Native Americans used front crawl.
  • Unisex Sport

    Unisex Sport
    Nancy Edberg
    Nancy Edberg was active as the first woman instructor in swimming in Stockholm, making swimming lessons accessible for both genders, she later introduced swimming lessons for women in Denmark and Norway.
  • imprivised swimming stroke

    imprivised swimming stroke
    trugen
    John Arthur Trudgen introduced the trudgen to England, having learned the stroke from Native Americans during a trip to South America. Later becoming popular worldwide.
  • The English Channel

    The English Channel
    Matthew Webb
    Captain Matthew Webb was the first man to swim the English Channel (between England and France), Using breaststroke, he swam 21. 26 miles in 21 hours and 45 minutes. No other man or woman swam the channel for the next 31 years.
  • Swimming in the Olympics

    Swimming in the Olympics
    Alfred Hajos
    Alfred Hajos of Hungary won the first gold medal in Swimming, in the 100 m freestyle. A male only Olympics hosted in Athens.
  • 2nd Olympic games

    2nd Olympic games
    John Arthur Jarvis
    The 2nd olympic games were hosted in Paris, The 4000 m freestyle was won by John Arthur Jarvis in under one hour, the longest Olympic swimming race until the 10k marathon swim was introduced in 2008.
  • 3rd Olympics

    3rd Olympics
    1904 Swimming Olympics
    The 3rd Olympics hosted in St. Louis, it included races up to a mile long. These games featured a competition to plunge for distance, where the distance without swimming, after jumping in a pool, was measured.
  • 5th Olympic games

    5th Olympic games
    1912 Olypmpics
    Women were first allowed to swim in the Olympic Games in 1912 in Stockholm.
  • 5 Time Olympic winner

    5 Time Olympic winner
    Johnny Weissmuller
    Johnny Weissmuller became the first person to swim the 100 m in less than a minute, He won 5 Olympic medals and 36 national championships and never lost a race in his ten-year career.
  • Breaking Men's Record?

    Breaking Men's Record?
    Sybil Bauer
    Sybil Bauer was the first woman to break a men’s world record over the 440 m backstroke in 6:24.8.
  • Swimsuit Upgrade

    Swimsuit Upgrade
    Topless swimsuits for men were worn for the first time during an official competition.
  • Jack Sieg

    Jack Sieg
    Jack Sieg, a swimmer also from the University of Iowa developed a technique called the butterfly, this later became popular in the Olympic games.
  • 2 Piece Swimisuits

    2 Piece Swimisuits
    US ordered the reduction of fabric in swimsuits by 10% due to wartime shortages, resulting in the first two piece swimsuits. Shortly afterwards the Bikini was invented in Paris by Louis Reard (officially) or Jacques Heim (earlier, but slightly larger).
  • Masaru Furukawa

    Masaru Furukawa
    Masaru Furukawa
    Japanese swimmer swam all but 5 m under water for the first three 50 m laps, and also swam half under water for the last lap, winning the gold medal. Some swimmers suffered from oxigen starvation and some even passed out suring the race trying to adapt to this new swimming method.
  • Mark Spitz

    Mark Spitz
    Mark Spitz A famous swimmer at the height of his career. During the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, he won seven gold medals. Shortly thereafter in 1973, the first swimming world championship was held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia by the FINA.
  • Kristin Otto

    Kristin Otto
    Kristin Otto
    A swimmer from East Germany won six gold medals, the most ever won by a woman.
  • Tom Jager

    Tom Jager
    Tom Jager
    An American swimmer, five-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder. He set the 50-meter freestyle world record on six occasions during his career. He held this record for over ten years from August 1989 to June 2000.
  • 1992 Summer Olympics

    1992 Summer Olympics
    Alexander Popov
    A Russian former Olympic gold-winning swimmer regarded as one of the greatest sprint freestyle swimmers of all time, and the only male swimmer in history to win four individual Olympic gold medals in freestyle events.
  • Benoît Lecomte

    Benoît Lecomte
    BBenoît Lecomte
    He swam across the Atlantic Ocean, a total of 5,600 kilometres in 72 days, swimming 6 to 8 hours daily. He was accompanied by three sailors on a boat.
  • Anthony Ervin

    Anthony Ervin
    Anthony Ervin
    An American international swimmer who won 2 Olympic medals and 2 World Championship golds. At the 2000 Summer Olympics, he won a gold medal in the men's 50-meter freestyle, and earned a silver medal as a member of the second-place U.S. relay team in the 4×100-meter freestyle event.
  • Michael Phelps' first gold

    Michael Phelps' first gold
    In the 2001 world championships in swimming. MIchael won his first gold medal in the 200 meter butterfly.
  • Gary Hall Jr.

    Gary Hall Jr.
    Gary Hall Jr.
    an American swimmer who competed in the 1996, 2000, and 2004 Olympics and won ten Olympic medals. He's is well known for his "pro-wrestling like" antics before a competition; frequently strutting onto the pool deck in boxing shorts and robe, shadow boxing and flexing for the audience.
  • Michael Phelps 2005

    Michael Phelps 2005
    2005 World championships
    in the 2005 world championships for mens swimming Michael Phelps won 5 gold medals.
  • Michel Phelps 2008

    Michel Phelps 2008
    Beijing 2008 Olympics
    In the 2008 Beijing Olympics Michael phelps wins 8 gold medals for his country USA.
  • 22 Medals

    22 Medals
    Michael Phelps
    A now retired American swimmer and the most decorated Olympian of all time, with a total of 22 medals. Phelps also holds the all-time records for Olympic gold medals (18, double the second highest record holders), Olympic gold medals in individual events (11), and Olympic medals in individual events for a male.