History of Rockets

By sdaher
  • Jan 1, 1232

    The first rocket

    The first rocket
    Chineese invented the first rocket in China. It was a tube with a cap at one end that contained gunpowder and the tube was attached to a stick. Igniting the powder created it to produce fire and smoke out the open end creating it to thrust foward.
  • Jan 1, 1280

    How they got their name

    Italian named Muratori called them "rochetta." The English translation is rocket.
  • Jan 1, 1500

    Wan hu

    Wan hu
    The legend of Wan hu is that he attempted to launch himself into space. He did this by building a chair with rockets attached. According to the legand as soon as the smoke cleared from lighting the rockets he had disappeared.
  • Polish staging the rocket

    Polish staging the rocket
    Polish artillery expert, Kazimierz Siemienowicz, published a series of drawings for a staged rocket.
  • Sir Issac Newton

    Sir Issac Newton
    First Law of Motion had to do with the liftoff of the rocket. Before the launch the velocity is at zero. When the thrust from the engine is greater than the weight of the rocket it creates a Net force which allows the rocket to accelerate, or speed up. The rocket then has air resistance.The second law of motion describes the motion of a rocket in flight. The third law of motion explains the creation of thrust by a rocket engine.
  • Congreve

    Sir William Congreve designed the congreve rocket, a British military weapon.
  • From the Earth to the Moon

    From the Earth to the Moon
    Jules Verne publishes his first science fiction novel called From the Earth to the Moon.
  • Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky

    Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky
    Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, a Russian schoolteacher brought about the idea of rockets being used in space exploration. He came up with liquid fuel propulsion, rocket staging, and crewed space stations.
  • Robert H. Goddard

    Robert H. Goddard
    Designed and built the world's first liquid-fueled rocket which launched on March 16, 1926.
  • Dr. Hermann Oberth

    Dr. Hermann Oberth
    Founded German Society for Space Travel
  • V-2

    Von Braun led German scientists to develope the V-2 Missile. It was fueled by alcohol and liquid oxygen and was a single-stage rocket. It stood 46.1 feet high, and when it launched it broke the sound barrier and reached an altitude of 60 miles.
  • Wernher Von Braun

    Wernher Von Braun
    Chief artitecture to NASA's Saturn V launch vehicle. Helped America get to the moon.
  • Sputnik

    First artificial Earth satellite, launched by the Soviet Union in October, it travelled 29,000 kilometers an hour. This is when the Soviet Union became the leader in space exploration.
  • Explorer

    Explorer was the United States first Earth satellite. It was built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The disign was led by Dr. James Van Allen.