History of Humanities Computing Group 2

By gtilva
  • Father Roberto Busa

    Italian priest Father Roberto Busa began an index verborum of all the words of St Thomas Aquinas, and other writers. He got help from Thomas Watson at IBM. Sorted the words in a “lemmatized” concordance, where they were listed by dictionary headings.
  • Period: to

    History of Humanites

  • 4 Epistles

    Scottish clergyman Andrew Mortan claimed that St. Paul only wrote 4 epistles, based on word counts of Greek texts.
  • CLLC

    Roy Wisbey founded the Centre for Literary and Linguistic Computing in Cambridge.
  • Mosteller and Wallace

    Mosteller and Wallace studied the Federalist Papers in an attempt to identify their authorship using statistics.
  • Computers and the Humanities

    Computers and the Humanities, edited by Joseph Raben, was published, and gave information about humanities computing, including studies being held.
  • Biennial series of conferences

    symposium in Cambridge was the start of a biennial series of conferences, which became major focal point of computing in humanites
  • Electronic Texts

    Roy Wisbey and Michael Farringdon held a number of conferences on literary and linguistic computing at the University of Cambridge. They recognized the need for maintaining electronic texts.
  • "The association of Literary and Llinguistic Computing" was founded

  • ICCH

    INternational conference on Computing in Humanities ( ICCH ) began in North America
  • OTA

    Oxford Text Archive (OTA) was established, it was simply to save the text of a researcher so that they would not lose it.
  • ICCH and ALLC

    The association for computers and the humanites grew from the conference of ICCH and ALLC collaboration
  • Personal computers

    at first there were several different and competing brands of personal computers. Some for games, some were standalone word processors used for nothing else, and others were specifically aimed at the educational market
  • Emails

    Facilities for sending and receiving electronic mail across international boundaries were provided by most academic computing services.
  • DOS- based texts

    There were three DOS-based text analysis programs: Word-Cruncher, TACT, and MicroOCP. These programs allowed personal computer users to obtain immediate results from searches
  • OCP

    With dissatisfaction of the second version of COCOA the Oxford Concordance Program (OCP) was introduced and was ready for distribution.
  • AALC

    At the AALC conference in Nice, electronic mail addresses were exchanged avidly and a new era of immediate communication began.
  • Literary and Linguistic Computing

    Association of Literary and Linguistic Computing with its bulletin that was released 3 times a year, already had created a journal. Literary and Linguistic Computing
  • Ansaxnet

    Ansaxnet, the oldest electronic discussion list for the humanities, was founded by Patrick Conner.
  • SGML

    New encoding method appeared. The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) published by ISO. It offered a mechanism for defining a markup scheme that could handle many different types of text, could deal with metadata, and represent complex scholarly interpretation.
  • ICCH conference in Columbia

    At the ICCH conference in Columbia, South Carolina, a group of people working in support roles in humanities computing got together and agreed that they needed to find a way of keeping in touch on a regular basis. Willard McCarty looked into it and found the existence of ListServ and created Humanist.
  • Nancy Ide

    Nancy Ide, assisted by colleagues in ACH, organized an invitational meeting at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, to examine the possibility of creating a standard encoding scheme for humanities electronic texts.
  • One volume of the Humanites Computing Yearbook

    One volume of the Humanities Computing Yearbook (a bibliography of projects, software, and publications) was published by Ian Lancashire and Willard McCarty. It was approx. 400 pages.
  • 2nd Volume

    the second volume was published and had almost 700 pages with a better index.
  • Kierman

  • CD-ROM

    CD-ROM of Thomas Aquinas’s work on the index of words was created.
  • Neuman

    Neuman (Peirce Project, collaborative editing)
  • Mosaic

    First graphic Browser "Mosaic"
  • TEI Guidlines

    The full version of the TEI Guidelines was published and distributed in print form and electronically. It was the first systematic attempt to categorize and define all the features within humanities texts that might interest scholars.
  • Prince-Wilkin

    OpenText SGML search engin
  • Finneran (electronic scholarly editions) Robinson (physical text represented digitally) Bearman (Research Agenda for Networked Cultural Heritage

  • Brown Orlando Project (SGML documents that permitted extraction of the text)

  • Bornstein and Tinkle (electronic scholarly edition) and Zweig (multimedia)

  • Codex Leningradensis ( collaborative editing)

  • Robey ( Roadman and new directions for humanities computing)